1st PUC History Question Bank Chapter 13 Map Work: Historical Places of World Importance

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Karnataka 1st PUC History Question Bank Chapter 13 Map Work: Historical Places of World Importance

Historical places of world importance

Babylonia Athens
Rome Alexandria
Jerusalem Mecca
Venice Constantinople
Cape of Good Hope Lisbon
Londan Paris
Waterloo Berlin
Moscow Versailles
Hioshima Nagasaki
New York Geneva

It is in present Iraq. It was the capital of Mesopotamian Civilization. The famous law-giver Hammurabi ruled from here. Nebuchadnezzar built the ‘ Hanging Gardens’, which was one of the Wonders of the Ancient World.

2. Athens:
It is the present capital city of Greece. It was one of the City-States of Ancient Greek Civilization. The city was named after the Goddess Athena. The famous Parthenon Temple is located here. After Greeks, Athens was ruled by the Romans. In 15th century C.E. it was captured by the Ottoman Turks. After the Greek War of Independence in the 19th century, Athens was chosen as the capital of the newly independent Greek state in 1834.

3. Rome:
It is the capital of Italy. It was also the capital of the Roman Empire. Vatican City in Rome is the centre of Pope, who is the religious head of the Catholics. According to a Roman legend, Rome was founded by the twins Romulus and Remus in 8th century B.C.E. According to another version the name is derived from the Greek word Rhome which means ‘strength’.

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It is in northern Egypt. It was founded by Alexander the Great. It was intended to be the link between Greece and the rich Nile Valley. An Egyptian City, Rhakotis already existed on the shores and was later given the name Alexandria. In Egyptian, it means “That which is built up”. In ancient times it had a Lighthouse which was one of the Wonders of the World.

5. Jerusalem:
It is in Israel. It is a holy city of three major religions- Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Jesus was crucified here in 30 C.E.

6. Mecca:
It is in Saudi Arabia. Prophet Mohammad, the founder of Islam was born here. It is regarded as the holiest city of Islam.

7. Venice:
It is in Italy. It was one of the centres of Trade and Commerce during Medieval Period. Famous travellers Marco Polo and Nicolo Polo belonged to this city. It is called as ‘The City of Canals’, as this beautiful city is basically a group of a lot of islands connected by bridges.

Presently called as Istanbul is in Turkey. Its original name was Byzantium, which was founded in 7th Century B.C.E. by a Greek King Byzas. Constantine the Great, made it the new capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 4th century C.E. Then it came to be known as Constantinople which means ‘The City of Constantine’. Ottoman Turks captured it in 1453, which led to the need to discover new sea routes to India.

9.Cape of Good Hope:
It is at the southern tip of South Africa. Bartholomew Diaz called it ‘Cape of Storms’. Later, Vasco-da- Gama renamed it as ‘Cape of Good Hope’ under the direction of King John of Portugal, since it gave hope for further explorations to reach India.

10. Lisbon:
It is the capital of Portugal. Most of the Portuguese navigators, including Vasco-da- Gama of the Age of discovery started their voyages from this city.

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11. London:
It is the capital of U.K located on the banks of the River Thames. It was the main centre of the Industrial Revolution. It is the famous centre of learning. According to one origin, London meant the place belonging to a man called ‘Londinos’. As per another view, it is derived from the word ‘Lowonida’ meaning ‘river too wide to ford’ referring to river Thames, which flows through London.

12. Paris:
It is the capital of France. The Bourbon family ruled over France from here, till the French Revolution of 1789. In modern times, many historical treaties have been signed here. The name Paris is derived from that of its earliest inhabitants, known as the ‘Parissi’ meaning ‘The working People’ or ‘The Craftsmen’. Paris is also known as ‘The City of Light’, due to its fame as a centre of education and ‘Paradise of Travellers’. The famous Eiffel Tower is here.

13. Waterloo:
It is in Belgium. In 1815. Napoleon after escaping from the Island of Elba fought his last battle here against the Allied armies of Europe and was defeated.

14. Berlin:
It is the present capital city of Germany. It is located on the banks of River Spree. After World War II, it was divided into East and West Berlin and a dividing wall was built. In 1990, both East and West Germanys were reunited and the Berlin wall was demolished.

15. Moscow:
It is the capital city of Russia, located on the banks of the river Moskva and named after the river. It was one of the centres of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and was made the capital of USSR.

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16. Versailles:
It is in France. In 1624 The French Ruler Louis XIII constructed a hunting lodge at the village of Versailles. His successor Louis XIV expanded it to be the largest Palace and from 1682 established his court here. After World War I, in 1919 the Treaty of Versailles was signed here between Germany and the Allied powers.

17. Hiroshima:
It is in Japan. Hiroshima means ‘Wide Island’. During World War II, it had large depots of military supplies. As retaliation for the Pearl Harbour attack, on Monday the 6th August 1945 at 8.15 a.m., the first Atomic Bomb called ‘Little Boy’ was dropped on Hiroshima by the US Air force. As a result of this, an estimated 80,000 people were killed.

18. Nagasaki:
It is in Japan. Nagasaki means ‘Long Cape’. On 9th August 1945, US Air force dropped the second Atomic bomb called ‘Fat Man’ on Nagasaki. As a result of this, more than 70,000 people died. Nagasaki was founded by the Portuguese in 16th Century.

19. New York:
It is located on the Western coast of USA. It was one of the colonies of British.
The Head Quarters of UNO is located here. Both the State and the City were named after the 17th Century Duke of York, James Stuart of England and Scotland. Originally it was a Dutch Colony. In 17th Century it was called as New Amsterdam. Later on, the English captured it and renamed it as New York.

20. Geneva:
It is in Switzerland. It was one of the centres of Protestant movement. International organizations like ILO, WHO, WTO and GATT are located here.

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