KSEEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules

Students can Download Kannada Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes Pdf, Siri KSEEB Solutions for Class 9 Science, Karnataka State Board Solutions help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Karnataka Board Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules

KSEEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Intext Questions

Question 1.
In a reaction, 5.3 g of sodium carbonate reacted with 6 g of ethanoic acid. The products were 2.2 g of carbon dioxide, 0.9 g water and 8.2 g of sodium ethanoate. Show that these observations are in agreement with the law of conservation of mass.
Sodium carbonate + ethanoic acid ➝ sodium ethanoate + carbon dioxide + water
Answer:
Sodium carbonate + ethanoic acid ➝ sodium ethanoate + carbon dioxide + water
5.3 + 6 ➝ 8.2 + 2.2 + 0.9
= 11.3 g = 11.3 g
Weight of reactants is equal to weight of products. This observation is in agreement with the law of conservation of mass.

Question 2.
Hydrogen and Oxygen combine in the ratio or 1 : 8 by mass to form water. What mass of oxygen gas would be required to react completely with 3 g of hydrogen gas?
Answer:
24 g of oxygen gas would be required to react completely with 3 g of hydrogen gas. Because in water the ratio of the mass of hydrogen to the mass of oxygen is always 1 : 8.

Question 3.
Which postulate of Dalton’s atomic theory is the result of the law of conservation of mass?
Answer:
The relative number and kinds of atoms are constant in a given compound. This postulate is the result of the law of conservation of mass.

Question 4.
Which postulate of Dalton’s atomic theory can explain the law of definite proportions?
Answer:
Atoms combine in the ratio of small whole numbers to form compounds. This postulate explains the law of definite proportions.

Question 1.
Define the atomic mass unit.
Answer:
One atomic mass unit is a mass unit equal to exactly one-twelfth (1/12th) the mass of one atom of carbon-12.

Question 2.
Why is it not possible to see an atom with naked eyes?
Answer:
Atoms are very small, they are smaller than anything that we can imagine or compare with. Therefore it is not possible to see an atom with naked eyes.

Question 1.
Write down the formulae of:

  1. sodium oxide
  2. alluminium chloride
  3. sodium sulphide
  4. magnesium hydroxide

Answer:

  1. sodium oxide: Na2O
  2. aluminium chloride: Al2Cl3
  3. sodium sulphide : NaS
  4. magnesium hydroxide: Mg(OH)2

Question 2.
Write down the names of compounds represented by the following formulae:

  1. Al2(SO4)3
  2. CaCl2
  3. K2SO4
  4. KNO3
  5. CaCO3

Answer:

  1. Al2(SO4)3: Aluminium sulphate
  2. CaCl2: Calcium chloride
  3. K2SO4: potassium sulphate
  4. KNO3: potassium nitrate
  5. CaCO3: calcium carbonate

Question 3.
what is meant by the term chemical formula?
Answer:
The chemical formula of a compound is a symbolic representation of its composition.

Question 4.
How many atoms are present in a
i) H2S molecule and
ii) PO43- ion?
Answer:
i) H2S molecule:
KSSEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules Q 3
ii) PO43- ion
KSSEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules Q 4

Question 1.
Calculate the molecular masses of
H2, O2, Cl2, CO2, CH4, C2H6, C2H4, NH3, CH3OH.
Answer:
i) H2
= 2 × H
= 2 × 1
= 2u

ii) O2
= 2 × O
= 2 × 16
= 32u

iii) Cl2
= 2 × Cl
= 2 × 35.5
= 7lu

iv) CO2
= 1 × 12 + 2 × O
= 1 × 12 + 2 × 16
= 12 + 32
= 44u

v) CH4
= 1 × 12 + 4 × 1
= 12 + 4
= 16u

vi) C2H6
= 2 × 12 + 6 × 1
= 24 + 6
= 30u

vii) C2H4
= 2 × 12 + 4 × 1
= 24 + 4
= 28u

viii) NH3
= 14 × 1 + 3 × 1
= 14 + 3
= 17u

ix) CH3OH
= 12 × 1 + 3 × 1 + 16 × 1 + 1 × 1
= 12 + 3 + 16 + 1
= 32u

Question 2.
Calculate the formula unit masses of ZnO, Na2O, K2CO3 given atomic masses of Zn = 65u, Na = 23u, K = 39u, C = 12u and O = 16u.
Answer:
i) ZnO
(Automic mass of Zn) + (Automic mass of O)
= 65 + 16 = 81u.

ii) Na2O
(2 × Automic mass of Na) + (Automic mass of O)
= 2 × 23 + 1 × 16
= 46 + 16
= 62u.

iii) K2CO3
(2 × Atomic mass of K)+ (Atomic mass of C) + (3 × Atomic mass of oxygen)
= 2 × 39 + 12 × 1 + 16 × 3
= 78 + 12 + 48
= 138u.

Question 1.
If one mole of carbon atoms weighs 12 gms, what is the mass (in gms) of 1 atom of carbon?
Answer:
Number of moles = n
Given mass = m
molar mass = M
Given the number of particles = N
Avogadro number of particles = N0
i) Atomic mass of carbon = 12u.
Atomic mass of one mole of carbon=12g
But Atomic mass of carbon = 12 g mass of 6.022 × 1023 carbon atoms = 12g.
KSSEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules Q 1
∴ Mass of carbon atoms
= 1.9926 x 10-23 gm.

Question 2.
Which has more number of atoms, 100 g, 100 gms of sodium or 100 gms of sodium or 100 gms of iron (given, the atomic mass of Na=23u, Fe = 56u).
Answer:
Atomic mass of sodium = 23u (data)
It means the gram atomic mass of sodium = 23 gm
Now atoms present in 23 gm sodium = 6.022 × 1023
KSSEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules Q 2.1
It means Number of atoms in 100 gm sodium = 1.6753 × 1024
∴ 100 gm sodium has more number of atoms rather than 100 gms of iron.

KSEEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Textbook Exercises

Question 1.
A 0.24 g sample of a compound of oxygen and boron was found by analysis to contain 0.096g of boron and 0.144 g of oxygen. Calculate the percentage composition of the compound by weight.
Answer:
Mass of Boron = 0.096 g (Data)
Mass of Oxygen = 0.144g (Data)
Given mass = 0.24 g (Data)
∴ The percentage composition of Boron
KSSEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules Q 1.1
∴ The percentage of O2 = \(\frac{0.144}{0.24}\) × 100
= 60%.

Question 2.
When 3.00 g of carbon is burnt in 8.009 of oxygen, 11.00 g of carbon dioxide is produced. What mass of carbon dioxide will be formed when 3.00 g of carbon is burnt in 50,000 g of oxygen? Which law of Chemical combination will govern your answer?
Answer:
3.0 g of carbon is burnt in 8.00 g of oxygen, 11.00 g of carbon dioxide is produced.
But when 3 g of carbon is burnt in 50 g of oxygen, only 3 g of carbon reacts with 8 g of oxygen.
Remaining 42 gm of oxygen will not react.
11 gm of carbon dioxide is produced.
∴ Our answer obeys law of constant proportion.

Question 3.
What are polyatomic ions? Give examples.
Answer:
A group of atoms carrying a charge is known as a polyatomic ion.

Question 4.
Write the chemical formulae of the following.
(a) Magnesium chloride
(b) Calcium oxide
(c) Copper nitrate
(d) Aluminium chloride
(e) Calcium carbonate
Answer:
(a) Magnesium chloride : MgCl2
(b) Calcium oxide : CaO
(c) Copper nitrate : Cu(NO3)2
(d) Aluminium chloride : AlCl3
(e) Calcium carbonate : CaCO3.

Question 5.
Give the names of the elements present in the following compounds.
(a) Quick lime
(b) Hydrogen bromide
(c) Baking powder
(d) Potassium sulphate
Answer:
(a) Quick lime: Calcium, carbon, oxygen
(b) Hydrogen bromide: Hydrogen, Bromine
(c) Baking powder: Sodium, Bicarbonate
(d) Potassium sulphate: Potassium, Sulphur, Oxygen.

Question 6.
Calculate the molar mass of the following substances.
(a) Ethyne, C2H2
(b) Sulphur molecule, S8
(c) Phosphorus Molecule, P4 (Atomic mass of phosphorus = 31)
(d) Hydrochloric acid, HCl
(e) Nitric acid HNO3.
Answer:
(a) Ethyne C2H2
Molar Mass = 2 × 12 + 2 × 1
= 24 + 2
= 26 g.

(b) Molar mass of Sulphur molecule
= 8 × 32
= 256 g.

(c) Molar Mass of Phosphorus molecule = 4 × 31
(Atomic mass of Phosphorus) = 124 g.

(d) Molar mass of Hydrochloric acid = HCl
= 1 + 35.5
= 36.5 g.

(e) Molar mass of HNO3
= 1 + 14 + 3 × 16
= 15 + 48
= 63 gm.

Question 7.
What is the mass of –
(a) 1 mole of nitrogen atoms?
(b) 4 moles of aluminium atoms (Atomic mass of Aluminium = 27)
(c) 10 moles of Sodium Sulphite (Na2SO3)
Answer:
(a) Mass of 1 mole of nitrogen= 14g.

(b) Mass of 4 moles of Aluminium
= 4 × 27
= 108 g.

(c) Mass of 10 moles of Sodium sulphite
= 10 × [2 × 23 + 32 + 3 × 16]
= 10 × 126
= 1260 gm.

Question 8.
Convert into mole:
(a) 12 g of oxygen gas
(b) 20 g of water
(c) 22 g of carbon dioxide
Answer:
(a) 32gm of oxygen means 1 mole
12gm oxygen means \(\frac{12}{32}\) mole
∴ 12g of oxygen gas = 0.375 mole
(b) 18 gm of water means = 1 mole
20 gm of water means \(\frac{20}{18}\) mole = 1.11 mole
(c) 22 g of carbon dioxide means
\(\frac{22}{44}\) = 0.5 mole.

Question 9.
What is the mass of:
(a) 0.2 mole of oxygen atoms?
(b) 0.5 mole of water molecules?
Answer:
(a) Mass of 1 mole of oxygen = 16 g
Mass of 0.2 mole of oxygen = 0.2 × 16
= 3.2 g.
(b) Mass of 1 molecule of water= 18 gm.
Mass of 0.5 mole of water = 0.5 × 18
= 9 gm.

Question 10.
Calculate the number of molecules of sulphur (S8) present in 16 g of solid sulphur.
Answer:
One mole of Sulphur (S) = 8 × 32
= 256 gm.
256 g of solid sulphur = 6.022 × 1023 molecules.
KSSEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules Q 10
= 3.76 × 1022
(Approximate)

Question 11.
Calculate the number of aluminium ions present in 0.0519 of aluminium oxide.
(Hint: The mass of an ion is the same as that of an atom of the same element. Atomic mass of Al = 27 u).
Answer:
One mole of Aluminium oxide
= 2 × 27+ 3 × 16
= 54 + 48
= 102 g.
102 g of Al2O3 = 6.022 × 1023 moles (aluminium oxide)
KSSEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules Q 11
It means Aluminium present in 0.051 gm
= 3.011 × 1020 Aluminium oxide molecules
Number of Al ions in one mole of Al2O3 = 2
∴ Number of Al Ions In 3.011 × 1026 molecules
0.051 Al2O3
= 2 × 3.011 × Number of Al ions In 3.011 × 1020
= 6.022 × 1020.

KSEEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3 Additional Questions

Question 1.
Write the symbols of the following:
a) Iron
b) lead
c) Zinc
d) Oxygen
e) Chlorine
Answer:
a) Iron = Fe
b) lead = Pb
c) Zinc = Zn
d) Oxygen = O
e) Chlorine = Cl

Question 2.
What is a molecule?
Answer:
The smallest particle of an element or a compound that is capable of independent existence and shows all the properties of that substance.

Question 3.
What is an ion?
Answer:
An ion is a charged species present in metals and non-metals.

Question 4.
What is molecular mass?
Answer:
The molecular mass of a substance is the sum of the atomic masses of all the atoms in a molecule of the substance.

Question 5.
What is a mole?
Answer:
One mole of any species (atoms, molecules, ions, or particles) is that quantity in number having a mass equal to its atomic or molecular mass in grams.

KSEEB Class 9 Science Atoms and Molecules Additional Questions and Answers

Question 1.
An element Z forms an oxide with formula Z2O3. What is its valency?
Answer :
Valency is 3+

Question 2.
Mention the elements present in (1) quick line (2) sodium hydrogen carbonate.,
Answer :
(1) Quick line (calcium oxide) (CaO) element present are calcium and oxygen.
(2) Sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3) elements are sodium, hydrogen, hydrogen, carbon and oxygen.

Question 3.
Calculate the total number of ions in 0.585 g of sodium chloride.
Answer :
Gram formula mass of NaCl = 23 + 35-5 = 58.5 g
58.5 g of NaCl have ions = 2 × NA
58.5 g of NaCl have ions
\(=2 \times \mathrm{N}_{\mathrm{A}} \times \frac{0.585}{58 \cdot 5}=0 \cdot 02 \times \mathrm{N}_{\mathrm{A}}\)
= 0.02 × 6.022 x 1023
= 1.20 × 1022 ions

 

Karnataka Class 10 Hindi Solutions वल्लरी Chapter 12 रोबोट

You can Download रोबोट Questions and Answers Pdf, Notes, Summary KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Hindi Solutions to help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

रोबोट Questions and Answers, Notes, Summary

अभ्यास

I. एक वाक्य में उत्तर लिखिए :

प्रश्न 1.
वर्षों से सक्सेना के परिवार में कौन काम कर रहा था?
उत्तर:
वर्षों से सक्सेना के परिवार में साधोराम सेवक काम कर रहा था।

प्रश्न 2.
धीरज सक्सेना किस कार्यालय में जा पहुँचे ?
उत्तर:
धीरज सक्सेना रोबोटोनिक्स कॉरपोरेशन के कार्यालय में जा पहुँचे।

प्रश्न 3.
एक रोबोट वैक्यूम क्लीनर से क्या साफ कर रहा था?
उत्तर:
एक रोबोट वैक्यूम क्लीनर से दफ्तर के फर्श को साफ कर रहा था।

प्रश्न 4.
रोबोनिल की मुलाकात किससे हुई ?
उत्तर:
रोबोनिल की मुलाकात रोबोदीप से हुई।

प्रश्न 5.
शर्मा परिवार के कुत्ते का ना लिखिए।
उत्तर:
शर्मा परिवार के कुत्ते का नाम शेरू

प्रश्न 6.
रोबोनिल और रोबोदीप किससे मिलने गए ?
उत्तर:
रोबोनिल और रोबोदीप कंपनी के मालिक रोबोजीत से मिलने गए।

प्रश्न 7.
वैज्ञानिक लेखक का नाम लिखिए।
उत्तर:
वैज्ञानिक लेखक का नाम आइजक आसिमोव था।

II. दो-तीन वाक्यों में उत्तर लिखिए:

प्रश्न 1.
साधोराम को क्या हुआ था?
उत्तर:
साधोराम सक्सेना परिवार में वर्षों से काम कर रहा था। एक दिन अचानक चलती बस से गिरकर उसे खतरनाक चोट आई। उसे अस्पताल में भर्ती कराना पडा।

प्रश्न 2.
धीरज सक्सेना को बुद्धिमान रोबोट की जरूरत क्यों थी ?
उत्तर:
साधोराम के अस्पताल जाने से धीरज सक्सेना के परिवार की तकलीफें अधिक बढ़ गई। सक्सेनाजी से परिवारवालों का यह दुःख देखा नहीं गया। उन्हें उनके नाती-पोतों का होमवर्क कराने एवं वर्ड प्रोसेसर पर काम सँभालने के लिए बुद्धिमान रोबोट की जरूरत थी।

प्रश्न 3.
रोबोनिल ने रोबोनिल से क्या कहा ?
उत्तर:
रोबोदीप ने रोबोनिल से कहा कि उनके नियम कुछ भी हो पर हम किसी इन्सान के नुकसान का कारण बने यह सही नहीं है और किसी इन्सान की नौकरी को खतरा पहुंचे यह गलत है।

प्रश्न 4.
रोबोनिल ने रोबोजीत को क्या समझाने की कोशिश की ?
उत्तर:
रोबोनिल ने रोबोजीत को यह समझाया कि उनके कारण अगर किसी को नुकसान पहुँचता है तो वह सही नहीं है। यंत्रमानव और मानव नजरिये से यह गलत है कि किसी भी इन्सान की नौकरी को खतरा पहुँचे। पर यह बात रोबोजित के समझ से बाहर थी।

प्रश्न 5.
कहानी को टाइप करते समय रोबोनिल को क्या हुआ ?
उत्तर:
धीरज सक्सेना ने रोबोनिल को एक विज्ञान कथा वर्ड प्रोसेसर पर टाइप करने के लिए दी। कहानी टाइप करके रोबोनिल की धात्विक और तारों भरे परिपंथवाली खोपड़ी में यकायक मानों नीली रोशनी हो गई। रोबोदीप के साथ रोबोटिक संघ से संपर्क साधने के बारे में सोचने लगा।

III. पाँच-छः वाक्यों में उत्तर लिखिए:

प्रश्न 1.
धीरज सक्सेना ने घरेलू कामकाज के लिए रोबोट रखने का निर्णय क्यों किया ?
उत्तर:
वर्षों से सक्सेना परिवार में साधोराम काम कर रहा था। अचानक एक दिन चलती बस से गिरकर उसे खतरनाक चोट आ गई। वह अस्पताल में भर्ती हो गया। सक्सेना परविार को साधोराम के अस्पताल भर्ती होने से बहुत तकलीफें सहन करनी पड़ी। परिवार बडा था। घरेलु कामकाज के लिए रोबोट रखने का निर्णय लिया।

प्रश्न 2.
रोबोनिल और रोबोदीप की मुलाकात का वर्णन कीजिए।
उत्तर:
रोबोनिल घरेलू कुत्ते शेरू को घुमाने ले जाता था। उसकी मुलाकात एक दिन रोबोदीप से हुई जो शर्मा परिवार के कुत्ते झबरू को घुमाने लाता है। दोनों के बीच दोस्ती हो गयी। एक दिन रोबोदीप ने रोबोनिल को साधोराम का किस्सा सुनाया। और बताया कि अब सक्सेना परिवार उसे काम पर नहीं रखेगा। वे उसकी छुट्टी करनेवाले हैं। रोबोनिल ने कहा कि यह रोबोटिकी के नियम के विरुद्ध है। दोनों साधोराम के लिए कुछ करने का सोचते है।

प्रश्न 3.
विज्ञान कथा का सार लिखिए।
उत्तर:
विज्ञान कथा रोबोट यंत्रमानव की कहानी है। इसमें रोबोनिल और रोबोदीप यंत्रमानव हैं, जो काम पर लग जाते है। अपने अपने परिवार में इन दोनों ने कार्यभाग अच्छी, तरह से सँभला था। एक दिन इन दोनों के बीच मुलाकात होने पर पता चलता है कि उनकी वजह से साधोराम सेवक की नौकरी चली जाएगी। अपनी वजह से किसी की नौकरी चली जाएगी इस बात का उनको बडा दुःख होता है। दोनों अपने संघर्ष दवारा साधोराम की नौकरी वापस दिलाते है। यंत्रमानव को खुशी होती है कि उनसे इंमानों को कोई नुकसान नहीं सेलना पडा।

प्रश्न 4.
रोबोटिक कंपनियों के मालिकों के बीच हलचल क्यों मच गई ?
उत्तर:
सक्सेना परिवार का नौकर साधोराम अचानक एक दिन चलती बस से गिरकर उसे खतरनाक चोट आती है। उसके अस्पताल पहुंच जाने से घर के सभी की तकलीफें बढ़ जाती है। धीरज सक्सेना से परिवारवालों का यह दुख नहीं देखा जाता है। घरेलू कामकाज के लिए साधोराम को निकालकर रोबोट को रख दिया जाता है। रोबोट को जब यह पता चलता है तो वह रोबोटिक संघ से मिलकर रोबोटो की हड़ताल की घोषणा करवा देता है। इस आहवान से रोबोटिक कंपनियों के मालिकों के बीच हलचल मच जाती है।

प्रश्न 5.
सक्सेना परिवार रोबोनिल को पाकर बहुत खुश था। क्यों? विवरण दीजिए।
उत्तर:
रोबोनिल सक्सेना परिवार के सभी लोगों का काम करता था। वह सुबह नाश्ता कराने, मेहमानों के लिए द्वार खोलने, घर के छोटे बच्चों को कहानियाँ सुनाने, उनके होमवर्क कराने, सक्सेना जी के वर्ड प्रोसेसर पर काम करने के अलावा शाम को परिवार के कुत्ते को घुमाने भी ले जाने का काम करता था। इसलिए सक्सेना परिवार रोबोनिल को पाकर बहुत खुश था।

IV. निम्नलिखित कारकों को चुनकर लिखिएः (का, के, में, से, की)

  1. वर्ष 2030 ……… नवंबर का महीना था।
  2. आप साधारण रोबोट ………. भी काम चला सकते है।
  3. रोबोनिल ……… घर में आ जाने से सभी ने राहत की साँस ली।
  4. रोबोटों ………. हडताल की घोषणा हुई।
  5. संघ को यह बात मानने …….. कोई आपत्ति नहीं थी।

उत्तर:

  1. के
  2. से
  3. के
  4. से
  5. में

V. जोडकर लिखिए:

1. यह सुनकर काउंठ पर  गुप्त मंत्रणा हूं।
2. मगर, रोबेदीप, यह तो पाकर फूला नहीं समा रहा था।
3. शाम को रोबोनिल बैठ रघट बोला।
4. दोनों के बीच कुछ रोबोटिकी के नियम के रुिद्ध है।
5. सक्सेना परिवार
रोबोनिल के
और रोबोदीप मिले।

उत्तर – जोडकर लिखना

1. यह सुनकर काउंठ पर  बैठ रघट बोला।
2. मगर, रोबेदीप, यह तो रोबोटिकी के नियम के रुिद्ध है।
3. शाम को रोबोनिल और रोबोदीप मिले।
4. दोनों के बीच कुछ  गुप्त मंत्रणा हूं।
5. सक्सेना परिवार रोबोनिल के  पाकर फूला नहीं समा रहा था।

VI. अन्य वचन रूप लिखिए:

  1. बेटा – बेटे
  2. नाती – नाती
  3. कुत्ता – कुत्ते
  4. दुट्टी – छुट्टियाँ
  5. बेटियाँ – बेटी
  6. पोता – पोते
  7. कंपनियाँ – कंपनी
  8. नौकरियाँ – नौकर

VII. अनुरूपता :

1. शेरू के टहलाना : रेम्बोनिल :: झबरू को घुमाना : ——–
2. मुखिया : धीरज सक्सेना :: सेवक : ——
3. टस से मस न होना : अटल रहना. :: फूले न समाना : ———
उत्तर:

  1. रोबोदीप
  2. साधोराम
  3. बहुत खुशहोना

भाषा ज्ञान :

मुहावरे :
जो वाक्यांश अपने सामान्य अर्थ को छोडकर किसी विशेष अर्थ को प्रकट करता है, वह मुहावरा कहलाता है।
उदाहरण :
आँखें चुराना – अपने आप को छिपाना
आँखें दिखाना – धमकाना, डराना
अक्ल का अंधा – मूर्ख
आस्तीन का साँप – कपटी मित्र
कान भरना – चुगली करना

I. उदाहरण के अनुसार मुहावरे लिखिए :

प्रश्न 1.
शरीर के अंगों से संबंधित – उदा : अँगूठा दिखाना – साफ इनकार करना
उत्तर:
पेट में चूहे दौडना – बहुत भूख लगना
अँगूठा दिखाना – साफ इनकार करना
आँख लगना – नींद आना

प्रश्न 2.
अंको से संबंधित – उदा : नौ दो ग्यारह होना – इधर-उधर भाग जाना ।
उत्तर:

  1. सवासोलह आने – पूरी तरह
  2. चार चाँद लगना – प्रतिष्ठा बढना
  3. छक्के छुडानां – बुरी तरह हराना

II. मुहावरों का अर्थ लिखकर वाक्यों में प्रयोग कीजिए

  1. आँख खुलना – सच्चाई का पता चलना।
  2. ईद का चाँद होना – बहुत दिनों के बाद दिखाई देना।
  3. कान खडे होना – सचेत होना।
  4. वा से बातें करना – तेज भागना।
  5. बात का धनी – बात का पक्का।

III. मुहावरों को सही अर्थ के साथ जोडकर लिखिए :

1. राहत की साँस लेना विचलित न होना।
2. पेट पर लात मारना चैन की साँस लेना/तसल्ली कना
3. टस से मस न होना आश्चर्यचकित होना
4. फूला नहीं समाना नौकरी या सहूलियत छैनना
5. आँच आना वक्त आने पर इनकार करना।
6. अँगूठ दिखा देना हानि पहुँचना
7. हलचल मचाना बहुत सुख होना
8. हाथों के तोते उङमा  शोर मचाना

उत्तर – जोडकर लिखना

1. राहत की साँस लेना चैन की साँस लेना/तसल्ली कना
2. पेट पर लात मारना नौकरी या सहूलियत छैनना
3. टस से मस न होना विचलित न होना।
4. फूला नहीं समाना बहुत सुख होना
5. आँच आना हानि पहुँचना
6. अँगूठ दिखा देना वक्त आने पर इनकार करना।
7. हलचल मचाना शोर मचाना
8. हाथों के तोते उङमा आश्चर्यचकित होना

IV. निम्नलिखित मुहावरों से वाक्य पूरा कीजिए:
(साँस रोके हुए, नौ दो ग्यारह हो जाना, गुस्सा हवा हो जाना, चिंगारियाँ सुलगना, दाँतों तले उँगली दबाना, भूचाल आ जाना)

  1. मास्टर साहब की आँखों में चिंगारियाँ रही थी।
  2. मालिक को देखकर ङ-इवर का गुस्सा हवा हो गया।
  3. अपने सामने शेर को देख मैं काफी देर तक साँस रोके खडा रहा।
  4. अध्यापिका की अनुपस्थिति में बच्चों ने कक्षा में इतना शोर मचा रखा था, ऐसा लग रहा था, मानो | कक्षा में भूचाल हो।
  5. एक व्यक्ति को अपने मुँह से ट-क खींचते देख हम दाँतों तले ऊँगली दबाकर रह गए।
  6. बिल्ली को सामने से आता देख चूहा नौ दो ग्यारह हो गया।

रोबोट Summary in Hindi

रोबोट पाठ का सारांशः
जब वर्षों से सक्सेना परिवार में काम कर रहा साधोराम एक दिन बस से गिरकर चोटिल हो गया तो सक्सेना परिवार पर मुसीबत का पहाड़ टूट पड़ा। सभी की तकलीफें बढ़ गई। धीरज सक्सेना से यह दुःख देखा नहीं गया और वे ‘रोबोटोनिक्स कॉरपोरेशन’ के कार्यालय जा पहुंचे।

यह 2030 के नवंबर की बात है। वैज्ञानिक रोबोट में कृत्रिम बुद्धि के साथ-साथ मानवीय संवेदना के गुण भी पैदा करने में सफल हो चुके थे। काउंटर पर बैठे एक रोबोट ने धीरज सक्सेना का स्वागत किया और उनसे आने का कारण पूछा। सक्सेना बोले – मुझें घरेलू कामकाज के लिए एक बुद्धिमान रोबोट चाहिए जो मेरे नाती-पोतों का होमवर्क करा सकें और मेरा कम्प्यूटर का काम भी कर सकें।

रोबोट Summary in Hindi 1

उस दिन कंपनी का एक कर्मचारी सक्सेना परिवार में काम करने के लिए रोबोनिल को छोड़ गया। रोबोनिल के आने से सभी ने राहत की सांस ली। सुबह नाश्ता कराने, द्वार खोलने, बच्चों को कहानियाँ सुनाने, होमवर्क में मदद और सक्सेना के वर्ड प्रोसेसर पर काम करने एवं शाम को पालतू कुत्ते शेरू को घुमाने का काम वह करने लगा।

रोबोनिल की मुलाकात एक दिन शेरू को घुमाते समय रोबोदीप से हुयी। दोनों पक्के दोस्त बन गए। एक दिन रोबोदीप ने रोबोनिल को साधोराम की बात बताई। उसने बताया साधोराम सक्सेना परिवार का पुराना नौकर था। अब वह एक दुर्घटना के कारण अस्पताल में है। अब सक्सेना जी उसकी छुट्टी करने वाले हैं क्योंकि तुम उन्हें भा गए हो। वे साधोराम को मुआवजा देकर गाँव भिजवा देंगे।

रोबोट Summary in Hindi 2

रोबोनिल इसे रोबोटिकी के नियम के खिलाफ बताता है। यह वैज्ञानिक एवं विज्ञान लेखक आइजक आसिमोव के रोबोटिकी नियम के खिलाफ है कि कोई रोबोट किसी इंसान के नुकसान का कारण बने, इंसान की नौकरी को खतरा पहुंचे।

दोनों दोस्त तय करते है कि वे साधोराम के लिए कुछ करेंगे। लेकिन कंपनी के मालिक अनुबंध की शर्तों को तोड़ने से मना कर देते हैं और मदद करने से मना कर देते है। रोबोनिल बहुत निराश होता है। एक दिन धीरज सक्सेना ने एक विज्ञान कथा टाइप करने को दी। इस कथा में एक इंसान की नौकरी के लिए ‘रोबोटिक संघ’ द्वारा हड़ताल का वर्णन था।

रोबोट Summary in Hindi 3

दूसरे ही दिन रोबोनिल ने रोबोटिक संघ से मिलकर साधोराम के समर्थन में हड़ताल करवा दी। रोबोजीत को संघ की शर्ते माननी पड़ी और उसने सक्सेना परिवार से हुए अनुबंध को रद्द कर दिया। मजबूर होकर धीरज सक्सेना ने संघ के अध्यक्ष से गुजारिश की कि जब तक साधोराम पूरी तरह से ठीक नहीं हो जाता है, तब तक रोबोनिल उसके पास काम करता रहे। साधोराम के ठीक होते ही वह उसे दोबारा काम पर रख लेगा। संघ ने यह बात मान ली। इस प्रकार रोबोनिल और रोबोदीप के संघर्ष से साधोराम की नौकरी बच जाती है।

रोबोट Summary in English

ROBOT Summary in English:

Dr. Pradeep Mukhopadhay ‘Alok’ The writer has given a message that machine cannot replace humans and humans
will not lose their proting given a mess will not lose their ‘work.

Sadhoram was working with the Saksena family for many years. One day he met with an accident falling from a moving bus. He was hospitalized. Saksena’s family was big. With the hospitalization of Sadhorm all the members of the family faced difficulty. Dhiraj Saksena wanted to mitigate the difficulty of the family members and hence contacted the ‘Robotonics Corporation’ for help.

In the year 2030, Various robots were engaged in cleaning activities in Robotonics corporation: The Robots were given artificial intelligence and some of them had human qualities also.

A Robot is the corner offered Saksena help and enquired about his requirement. Saksena wanted an intelligent Robot for household work his own personal work etc. Saksena hired an intelligent Robot for work.

Robonil, an intelligent Robot started working in Saksena household and all the members of the family were very happy as Robonil did all the household work and also assisted Saksena.

Robotnik ‘used to take the dog for a walk in the evenings and met another Robot named Robodeep, who was working in the neighbourhood.

One day Robodeep informed Robonil the shay of Sadhoram, who was hospitalised Robodeep also informed Robonil that Saksena’s family was planning to remove Sadhoram from his employment. Robotnik felt guilty and very bad as it was against the principles of Robotics that any human he coming Jobless became of Robots, they discussed among themselves and come to a conclusion.

Next day both the Robots Robonil and Robodeep went to Robotonics corporation and narrated the entire happenings to Robojeeth, the owner of ti withdraw the services of Robots so that Sadhoram’s Job could be saved. But Robojeeth did not agree as he would lose business and lose profit. Both the Robots when disappointed and returned to their employers.

Robonil was very sad and worried about sadhoram’s losing Saksena gave a scientific strong and asked Robonil to type in the computer the story mentioned that a person was seriously ill and hence replaced by a Robot. Even after recovery, he was not taken back and the services of a Robot continued. The Robot contracted the Robot Association and arranged to give a call for strike. Due to the threat of strike the worker was reemployed. After reading the story Robonil was excited. Now he knew what to do to help Sadhoram.

Next day Robonil and Robodeep approached their Association, briefed them, and requested for help. The Robotic Association gave a call for strike accordingly.

रोबोट Summary in Kannada

रोबोट Summary in Kannada 1
रोबोट Summary in Kannada 2
रोबोट Summary in Kannada 3
रोबोट Summary in Kannada 4
रोबोट Summary in Kannada 5

KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Geography Solutions Chapter 2 Indian Physiography

Students can Download Geography Chapter 2 Indian Physiography Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Social Science Solutions helps you to revise the complete Karnataka State Board Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Karnataka State Syllabus Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Indian Physiography

Class 10 Social Science Indian Physiography Textual Questions and Answers

I. Fill in the blanks with suitable answers.

India Physiography Class 10 Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 1.
The Greater Himalayas are also known as ………….
Answer:
Himadri.

Indian Physiography Class 10 Notes Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 2.
The lesser Himalaya are also known as ……………..
Answer:
Himachal.

India Physiography Class 10 Notes Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 3.
In south India ………….. is the heighest peak.
Answer:
Anamudi.

Indian Physiography Class 10 Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 4.
The Eastern Ghats meet the Western Ghats in the ………… hills.
Answer:
Niligiri.

Indian Physiography Notes Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 5.
The Northern Great plain is made up of …………. soil.
Answer:
alluvial.

II. Discuss in groups and answer the following questions.

Indian Physiography Questions And Answers Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 1.
Which are the main physiographic divisions of India?
Answer:
On the basis of physiography India can be divided into four divisions. They are:

  1. Northern mountains.
  2. The Northern Great plains.
  3. The Peninsular Plateau.
  4. The coastal plains and Islands.

India Physiography Notes Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 2.
State how the Northern Great Plains were formed?
Answer:
The Northern Great Plains are in between the Himalayas and the Peninsular Plateau of India. It is formed by the depositional work of three river systems namely the Sutluj, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra. It is the largest alluvial soil tract in the world, extending east to west – a length of 2500 kms. Its average width varies from 240 to 340 kms. It covers an area of about 7 lakh km2. The plain is very flat and the rocks are not exposed on the surface.

Indian Physiography Class 10 Pdf Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 3.
Write briefly about the Siwalik hills.
Answer:
The Siwalik Hills are the outermost ranges or foothills located to the south of the main Himalayas. They are the lowest range of the Himalayas, with a height of 600 to 1500mts and width varying from 15-150 km. They extend from Jammu and Kashmir in the west to Arunachal Pradesh in the east. They have flat-bottom, structured valleys, which are known as ‘Doons’. eg: Dehradoon.

The Himalayas act as natural frontiers and prevent foreign invasion, they prevent the cold winds from central Asia. They obstruct the rain-bearing winds and this causes heavy rainfall. They are a storehouse of minerals and the birthplace of many rivers and waterfalls.

Sslc Geography Chapter 2 Notes KSEEB Solutions Question 4.
Distinguish between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats.
Answer:

Eastern  Ghats Western Ghats
i) The Eastern Ghats run almost parallel to the east coast of India. They extend from the Mahanadi Valley in the north, towards the Niligiri hills in the south where they join the Western Ghats. These are a continuous range running parallel to the west coast of India from the Tapi valley to Kanyakumari.
ii) They are lower than the Western Ghats They are very steep on the western side and gentle on the eastern side.

Indian Physiography Class 10 Questions And Answers Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 5.
State the importance of the Northern mountains.
Answer:

  • The Himalayas act as natural frontiers and prevent foreign invasion, they prevent the cold winds from central Asia.
  • They obstruct the rain-bearing winds and this causes heavy rainfall.
  • Their slopes have thick forests and are ideal for plantation crops.
    Eg: Tea in Assam They are a storehouse of minerals and the birthplace of many rivers and waterfalls which are used to generate hydro-electric power.

III. Activities:

Sslc Geography Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 1.
Draw the outline map of India and show the major physical divisions of India.
Answer:

India Physiography Class 10 Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions

KSEEB Solutions For Class 10 Social Science Question 2.
Draw the outline map of india and mark the important hill stations.
Answer:
Indian Physiography Class 10 Notes Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions

Class 10 Social Science Indian Physiography Additional Questions and Answers

Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Notes Pdf Download KSEEB Solutions Question 1.
Nepales called Mt. Everest as …………
Answer:
Sagarmatha.

Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Notes KSEEB Solutions Question 2.
Himalaya mountain are …………..
Answer:
Natural.

Indian Physiography Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 3.
The Northern Great Plain covers an area of about ……………
Answer:
7 Lakhs km2.

KSEEB Solutions For Class 10 Social Chapter 2 Question 4.
The Penninsular Plateau was being a part of the …………….
Answer:
Gondwanaland.

10th Social Science Notes Pdf Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 5.
The western coastal plain lies between the ………… and ……………
Answer:
Western ghats, Arabian sea.

Sslc Social Science Notes Kannada Medium Karnataka Pdf KSEEB Solutions Question 6.
……….. is a hill station in the lesser Himalayas.
Answer:
Shimla.

10th Social Notes Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 7.
………….. is the highest peak on the Abu hills.
Answer:
Guru Shikhar.

KSEEB Solutions Class 10 Social Science Chapter 2 Question 8.
The Konkan coast lies to them …………
Answer:
South of Gujarat.

Sslc Social Science Notes Pdf Download Chapter 2 KSEEB Solutions Question 9.
India has ………… islands.
Answer:
247.

10th Social Science Notes KSEEB Solutions Question 10.
The Lakshadweep islands are formed by …………
Answer:
corals.

Two Marks Questions

Karnataka Sslc Social Science Notes KSEEB Solutions Question 1.
Name the Himalayas three parallel ranges
Answer:

  • Greater Himalayas
  • Lesser Himalayas
  • Siwalik hills

Sslc Social Science KSEEB Solutions Question 3.
Mention the parallel ranges in the lesser Himalayas.
Answer:

  • The Pirpanjal
  • The Dhaula Dhar
  • The Naga Tiba
  • The Mussorie
  •  The Mahabharat
  • The Darjeeling ranges

Question 5.
How peninsular plateau has économical importance
Answer:

  • The peninsular plateau is rich in minerals thick forests and biodiversity,
  • It has an influence on southwest monsoons and it is covered with black soil which is useful or agriculture.
  • The western ghats are the birthplace of many South Indian rivers, which are useful for the generation of hydroelectricity.

Question 7.
Write a note on the island of India.
Answer:

  • There are about 247 islands in India of these 204 are in Bay of Bengal and 43 are in the Arabian sea. The Andaman and Nicobar islands are in the Bay of Bengal.
  • The Lakshadweep islands are in the Arabian sea and are formed by corals.

We hope the KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Geography Solutions Chapter 2 Indian Physiography help you. If you have any query regarding Karnataka SSLC Class 10 Geography Solutions Chapter 2 Indian Physiography and Extension, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

Karnataka Class 10 English Solutions Poem Chapter 7 The Stolen Boat

You can Download The Stolen Boat Poem Questions and Answers Pdf, Notes, Summary KSEEB SSLC Class 10 English Solutions to help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

The Stolen Boat Poem Questions and Answers, Notes, Summary

Comprehension Questions

I. Answer briefly the following questions.

Question 1.
Who does ‘her’ in the first line refer to?
Answer:
The cool summer breeze.

Question 2.
Where was the boat moored?
Answer:
Inside a rocky cave, tied to a willow tree.

Question 3.
What does ‘home’ in line 3 refer to?
Answer:
The place where the boat was usually moored.

Question 4.
What does ‘her’ in line 4 refer to?
Answer:
The boat

Question 5.
Why does the poet use words like ‘home’ and ‘her’ while talking about the inanimate boat?
Answer:
The attraction of the boat to the boy is so much that it acquires a human presence in his mind.

Question 6.
What stealthy act does the boy commit?
Answer:
The boy takes away the boat without the permission of the owner of the boat.

Question 7.
What sound is captured in lines 6 and 7?
Answer:
Mountain-echoes of the sound of the oars splashing in the water.

Question 8.
What visual picture is created in lines 8 to 10?
Answer:
The picture is of small ripples caused in the water by the moving oars, and their fading away to leave only a long stretch of reflected moonlight in the water in the wake of the boat.

Question 9.
What does ‘they’ in line 10 refer to?
Answer:
The small ripples in the water.

Question 10.
How many peaks are mentioned in the poem? Which one is bigger?
Answer:
Two peaks are mentioned: The first one is a craggy ridge, the one the boy wanted to reach; the second one is a black and huge peak which looms suddenly in front of him.

Question 11.
a) What is the boat compared to in line 19 and 20?
Answer:
A swan gliding smoothly in the water.

b) The purpose of the comparison is
a. to highlight the beauty and grace of the swan
b. to highlight the beauty and grace of the boat
c. to highlight the graceful movement of the boat
Answer:
(c) to highlight the graceful movement of the boat.

Question 12.
In the expression ‘troubled pleasure’ (line 6).
a) What pleasurable experience of the narrator does ‘pleasure’ refer to?
Answer:
Taking the boat away all by himself.

b) The narrator’s pleasure is ‘troubled’ because
a. his conscience pricks him on his stealthy act
b. the pleasure is short-lived
c. he is scared of his stealthy act being found out
Answer:
(a) his conscience pricks him on his stealthy act-

Question 13.
Read carefully lines 21 to 26
b) Pick out the details of the peak that appears fearful to the boy
Answer:
Rising from behind the craggy ridge all of a sudden; Being black and huge in size; Went on growing in size till it towered between the boy and the stars; Seemed to be coming after the boy with a measured step.

c)The lines refer to the movement of the peak. Is it real or imagined by the boy?
Answer:
It is the imagination of the boy who is already feeling guilty about his act of stealing the boat.

d) In the boy’s imagination, the movement is
a. threatening and menacing
b. lively and graceful
c. friendly and inviting
Answer:
(a) threatening and menacing.

Question 14.
a) In the phrase “trembling oars”, who is trembling?
Answer:
The boy is trembling.

b) Name the figure of speech in this expression.
Answer:
The figure of speech used here is “Transferred Epithet”.

c) The boy is trembling because of
a. He is frightened by the ‘approaching’ peak
b. Of his guilty conscience
c Of cold
Answer:
(a) He is frightened by the ‘approaching’ peak.

Question 15.
The episode of the stolen boat ends with the boy leaving the boat back in its mooring place (line 32). The remaining lines of the poem (lines 33 to 44) deal with
a. the lasting memory of the actual experience
b. details not connected with the actual experience
c. the mysterious shapes and images haunting him
Answer:
(c) the mysterious shapes and images haunting him.

Question 16.
Wordsworth defined poetry as “emotion recollected in tranquility”. What dominant emotion of the boat experience is recollected by the poet?
Answer:
Fear caused by the sight of the huge, black peak.

Question 17.
Many days after the stolen boat experience, the narrator was haunted by a mysterious presence within him. Pick out details of this mysterious presence from lines 37 to 44.
Answer:
After the experience, there hung over the boy’s thoughts darkness which can be called solitude or blank desertion. There were no familiar shapes or pleasant images of trees, sea or sky. There were just huge and mighty forms that do not live like living men. These forms moved slowly through his mind by day and troubled him in his dreams.

II. Close Study

Read the following extracts carefully. Discuss in pairs and then write the answers to questions given below them.

Question 1.
She was an elfin pinnace

  1. What does ‘she’ refer to?
  2. What is the figure of speech used here?
  3. What does ‘elfin’ mean?
  4. What is the figure of speech used in ‘elfin pinnace’?
  5. What quality in the movement of the boat is highlighted in the comparison?

Answers:

  1. The little boat.
  2. Personification.
  3. Very small in size.
  4. Metaphor.
  5. The smooth, pleasant and light movement of the boat.

Question 2.
With trembling oars, I turned, And through the silent water stole my way Back to the covert of the willow tree.

  1. What is the figure of speech used in the first line?
  2. What made the boy tremble?
  3. What does the boy want to do with the boat?

Answers:

  1. Transferred Epithet.
  2. The sudden presence of the huge, black peak which seemed to move with a measured step towards him.
  3. The boy wanted to take the boat to a craggy ridge.

III. Paragraph Writing

Discuss in groups of 4 each the answers to the following questions. Note down the important points for each question and then develop the points into one paragraph answers.

Question 1.
Why did Wordsworth say that his moving the boat is an act of stealth? Why was he guilty of his act?
Answer:
Probably because the boy was very young, he was not allowed to row it on his own, or probably the owner of the boat did not like anyone touching his boat. Here the boy does not inform the owner or take his permission to use the boat. Hence Wordsworth says that the boy’s moving of the boat is an act of stealth. It was an act of stealing and his joy and thrill of adventure were troubled by a sense of guilt.

Question 2.
Describe the effect that the spectacle of the peak had on the poet’s mind.
Answer:
The poet wanted to take the boat near a craggy ridge, but the sudden appearance of the huge, black peak unnerved him. The more he rowed the boat, the bigger the peak seemed to become in front of him. Soon it seemed to move with a measured step like a living being towards the poet. This made the poet turn back towards the rocky cave.

Question 3.
To Wordsworth, nature was a living presence. Pick out any 5 details from the poem to support this.
Answer:
‘One summer evening’; ‘small circles glittering idly in the moon’; ‘she was an elfin pinnace’; ‘my boat went heaving through the water like a swan’; ……… a huge peak, black and huge, as if with voluntary power instinct, upreared its head.’

The Stolen Boat Poem Summary in English

The cool summer evening provokes the boy to engage in some mischief. He decides to release a moored boat and take it away on the 1 sea all by himself.

Everything around is still, and the sound of the splash of the oars seem to echo the loud heart-beats of the boy. He is feeling guilty for having taken the boat in a stealthy manner.

There is pale moonlight and it is reflected beautifully in the water. The boat sails smoothly like a swan.

The boy wants to take the boat to a craggy rock. As he nears it, there seems to arise behind the craggy rock a huge peak, black and menacing. As the boy grows closer to it, it seems to grow bigger and bigger. Very soon, it seems to be walking towards the boy in a threatening manner.

The boy gets terrified and immediately turns back. In a great hurry, he goes back to the cave and moors the boat.

For many days after, day and night, he is hunted by the ‘huge’ peak which seems to be moving towards him.

The Stolen Boat Poem Summary in Kannada

The Stolen Boat Poem Summary in Kannada 1
The Stolen Boat Poem Summary in Kannada 2

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Karnataka 1st PUC Business Studies Question Bank with Answers

1st PUC Business Studies Question Bank with Answers

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1st PUC Business Studies Blue Print of Model Question Paper

For practical oriented questions, questions are to be selected from each of the 3 groups (Group 1: First 4 chapters, Group 2: Next four chapters and Group 3: Last three chapters. Please follow the chapters list given in this table)
Note: While selecting the Practical Oriented questions in Part E, care should be taken to avoid duplication of questions in Section A, B, C and D).

Total number of questions asked is 43 for 139 marks. Students have to answer 33 for 100 marks.
Section Wise Distribution of Marks

1st PUC Business Studies Blue Print of Model Question Paper 1

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Karnataka 1st PUC History Question Bank with Answers

1st PUC History Question Bank with Answers

Karnataka 1st PUC History Question Bank with Answers in English

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Karnataka 1st PUC History Syllabus

  1. Introduction to History
    1.1 Meaning and definition of History – Herodotus, Augustine, Karl Marx, J.B-Bury, Nehru and Toynbee
    1.2 Importance of the study of History
  2. The Story of Human Evolution
  3. History of Ancient Civilization
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Egyptian Civilization
    3.3 Mesopotamian Civilization
    3.4 Chinese Civilization
  4. Establishment of Greek and Roman Empires-Contributions
    4.1 Greek City – States – Cultural Contributions
    4.2. Roman Republics – Legacy of Romans
  5. Rise and Spread of Christianity and Islam
    5.1. Life and Teachings of Jesus Christ Spread of Christianity
    5.2 Life and Teachings of Prophet Mohammed
  6. Medieval Period Towards Change
    Chruch, Society and State – Feudalism
  7. Beginning of Modern Age
    7.1 Geographical Discoveries
    7.2 Renaissance
    7.3 Reformation-Martin Luther-Counter Reformation
  8. World Revolutions
    8.1 Industrial Revolution
    8.2. The American War of Independence
    8.3. The French Revolution (1789-1795 CE)
    8.4. Russian Revolution
  9. Napoleon and Rise of Nationalism
    9.1 Napoleon Bonaparte
    9.2. Unification of Italy
    9.3 Unification of Germany
  10. World Wars and International Organizations
    10.1 World War I-Treaty of Versailles
    10.2 Rise of dictatorships
    10.3 World Warn
    10.4 UNO-Organs-Achievements
  11. Contemporary World
    11.1 Cold War
    11.2 Disintegration of USSR
    11.3 Formation of CIS
  12. Non-Aligned Movement-Emergence of the Third world
  13. Map Work: Historical Places of World Importance

Karnataka 1st PUC History Blue Print of Model Question Paper

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Sahitya Sampada Kavyabhaga

Sahitya Sampada Gadyabhaga

Sahitya Sampada Dirgha Gadya

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Pallava (Abhyasa Pustaka)

2nd PUC Kannada Textbook Answers, Notes, Guide, Summary Pdf Download Karnataka
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Unit 1: Language Use

Part A

Part B

Unit 2: Reading

Unit 3: Writing

UNIT 4: Listening – Speaking

Appendix

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2nd PUC English Blue Print of Model Question Paper 1

2nd PUC English Blue Print of Model Question Paper 2

2nd PUC English Blue Print of Model Question Paper 3

Karnataka 2nd PUC English Design of the Question Paper

A. Length
a. Very Short Answer (VSA) (a word /phrase / sentence) (47 Marks)
b. Paragraph Answer (middle-length 80 to 100 words) (42 Marks)
c. Long Answer (LA) (in about 200 words) (11 Marks)

B. Level of Response (I to VII)
a. Easily Accessible (39 Marks)
b. Moderately Challenging (45 Marks)
c. Highly Challenging (16 Marks)

C. Rationale to be followed in the Question Paper
Section I
This should contain 4 questions on poetry and 8 on prose including the play. No True/False questions shall be asked. When MCQs are used, care should be taken to see that only one answer is possible.

Section II
Ten questions are to be set here. Out of ten, 7 shall be set on prose units including the play and 3 on poems. A student has to answer at least 2 questions on poems.

Section III
In this section an internal choice shall be provided with two questions set on prose units and one on poems. This question is aimed at testing the learner’s critical and analytical approach. The learner shall be provided an opportunity to come up with his/her personal views, stance and world view. The questions set in this section shall aim to do so.

Section IV
An unseen passage of moderate length is to be selected for this section. Ten questions on this passage are to be set. Along with questions on factual details, a few inferential questions shall be set. These inferential questions shall not be consecutive.
The questions set on lines chosen from the poem shall be aimed at testing extensive reading comprehension rather than testing the learner’s ability to appreciate. The lines from the poem shall be chosen from among the ones given in the Reading Unit of the Work Book.

Section V
This section shall contain questions on reported speech, use of the passive, dialogue writing, use of expressions and linkers. The questions set to test learning at these areas shall be contextualised.

Section VI
In this section questions on composition skills like note making, letter writing, speech writing and report writing shall be set. The letter shall be a job application. An internal choice shall be provided between speech writing (expansion) and report writing. For report writing, a bar chart, pie chart or line graph shall be given with a variety of data.

Section VII
This section aims to test the learner’s understanding of the pronominal words. For this purpose a short paragraph from the passage given at Q.No. 24 shall be given.
The question on jumbled segments shall have a minimum of five segments and shall be chosen from one of the prose units in the Course Book.

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प्रथम सोपान – गद्य भाग

द्वितीय सोपान – पद्य भाग

अ) मध्यकालीन कविता

आ) आधुनिक कविता

तृतीय सोपान – अपठित भाग (एकांकियाँ)

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Sahitya Gaurav 2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers Abhyas Pustika

प्रथम सोपान – गद्य भाग

द्वितीय सोपान – पद्य भाग

अ) मध्यकालीन कविता

आ) आधुनिक कविता

तृतीय सोपान – अपठित भाग (एकांकी)

चतुर्थ सोपान – व्याकरण तथा रचना

Karnataka 2nd PUC Hindi Blue Print of Model Question Paper

2nd PUC Hindi Blue Print of Model Question Paper

2nd PUC Hindi Blue Print of Model Question Paper 2

2nd PUC Hindi Blue Print of Model Question Paper 3

Karnataka 2nd PUC Hindi प्रश्न पत्र का ढाँचा

2nd PUC Hindi Blue Print of Model Question Paper 1

I. अ. एक शब्द या वाक्यांश या वाक्य में उत्तर लिखिए : (छ: प्रश्न) (6 × 1 = 6)
आ. किन्हीं तीन प्रश्नों के उत्तर लिखिए : (पाँच प्रश्नों में से तीन) (3 × 3 = 9)

II. अ. निम्नलिखित वाक्य किसने किससे कहे ? (चार प्रश्न) (4 × 1 = 4)
आ. ससंदर्भ स्पष्टीकरण कीजिए : (चार प्रश्नों में से दो प्रश्न) (2 × 3 = 6)

III. अ. एक शब्द या वाक्यांश या वाक्य में उत्तर लिखिए : (छ: प्रश्न) (6 × 1 = 6)
(मध्यकालीन कविता में से दो प्रश्न तथा आधुनिक कविता में से चार प्रश्न)
आ. किन्हीं दो प्रश्नों के उत्तर लिखिए : (चार प्रश्नों में से दो प्रश्न) (2 × 3 = 6)
(मध्यकालीन कविता में से एक प्रश्न तथा आधुनिक कविता में से तीन प्रश्न)
इ. ससंदर्भ भाव स्पष्ट कीजिए : (2 × 4 = 8)
(मध्यकालीन कविता -दो में से एक आधुनिक कविता दो में से एक)

IV. अ. एक शब्द या वाक्यांश या वाक्य में उत्तर लिखिए: (5 × 1 = 5)
(पाँच प्रश्न) [कम से कम दो प्रश्न एक एकांकी से]
आ. किन्हीं दो प्रश्नों के उत्तर लिखिए: (2 × 5 = 10)
(i) प्रथम एकांकी से दो प्रश्नों में से कोई एक प्रश्न
(ii) द्वितीय एकांकी से दो प्रश्नों में से कोई एक प्रश्न

V. अ. वाक्य शुद्ध कीजिए : (चार वाक्य) (4 × 1 = 4)
आ. रिक्त स्थान की पूर्ति कीजिए : (चार रिक्त स्थान) (4 × 1 = 4)
(कारक चिह्न या उचित शब्द)
इ. सूचनानुसार काल बदलिए : (तीन वाक्य) (3 × 1 = 3)
ई. मुहावरों को अर्थ के साथ जोड़कर लिखिए : (4 × 1 = 4)
उ. अन्य लिंग रूप लिखिए : (तीन शब्द) (3 × 1 = 3)
ऊ. अनेक शब्दों के लिए एक शब्द : (तीन शब्द) (3 × 1 = 3)
ए. उपसर्ग जोड़कर लिखिए : (दो शब्द) (2 × 1 = 2)
ऐ. प्रत्यय अलग कर लिखिए : (दो शब्द)

VI. अ. किसी एक विषय पर निबंध लिखिए : (तीन में से एक) (1 × 5 = 5)
(अथवा)
पत्र लेखन
आ. अपठित गद्यांश (5 × 1 = 5)
इ. अनुवाद (कन्नड़/अंग्रेज़ी से हिन्दी में) (पाँच वाक्य) (5 × 1 = 5)

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