1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Word Order

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Karnataka 1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Word Order

A. I. Arrange the words to make affirmative sentences.

1. like/I/you
I like you.

2. French/I/speak
I speak French.

3. hates / pigeons / He
He hates pigeons.

4. The girls/song/a/sing
The girls sing a song.

5. sell /flowers / we
We sell flowers.

6. you/to see/me/he/wants
He wants you to see me.
OR
He wants me to see you.

7. feed/you/my/cat/can
You can feed my cat.

 

8. sister/ has / my / got / a dog
My sister has got a dog.

9. must / the book / read / you
You must read the book.

10. buy /milk /he /wants to
He wants to buy milk.

KSEEB Solutions

II. Arrange the words to make negative sentences. Place time expressions at the end of the sentences.

1. our holiday / will /at home/we/ not / spend / next year
We will not spend our holiday at home next year.

2. did /I /him/ see /not/ last night/ at the disco
I did not see him at the disco last night.

3. to a party /not/we/ tonight / going / are
We are not going to a party tonight.

4. will / the letter / not / next week / send / you / she
She will not send you the letter next week.

5. not / the truth / did/ he / tell/ you / yesterday
He did not tell you the truth yesterday.

6. to the cinema / we/ want /not/do/ tonight /to go
We do not want to go to the cinema tonight.

7. play/did/he/onSunday/not/the piano
He did not play the piano on Sunday.

8. not/now/she/in England/is
She is not in England now.

9. eat/in winter/ice-cream /do/not/I
I do not eat ice-cream in winter.

10. right now / have / not / we / time / do
We do not have time right now.

KSEEB Solutions

III. Rearrange the segments to form questions.

1. accept the judgement/did the man/the jungle lords / of?
Did the man accept the judgement of the jungle lords?

2. Mara tie / the creeper/ to a tree / why did?
Why did Mara tie the creeper to a tree?

3. was the thief/ his attitude / really humane / in / ?
Was the thief really humane in his attitude?

4. does technology/in contrast/to religion/stand?
Does technology stand in contrast to religion?

5. treated as/a / was Mara /mad man ?
Was Mara treated as a mad man?

6. retain / did Douglass /his/ self-confidence ?
Did Douglass retain his self-confidence?

7. why did /the farmer / suicide / commit ?
Why did the farmer commit suicide?

8. the narrator/how does/go/ to Verona?
How does the narrator go to Verona?

9. what did /do / during the German invasion / the boys ?
What did the boys do during the German invasion?

10. the crude realities of life/is love/of any value / before?
Is love of any value before the crude realities of life?

11. who / the window/broke?
Who broke the window?

12. How/your grand mother/is/?
How is your grandmother?

13. did / she / her homework / in my room /do/?
Did she do her homework in my room?

14. Talaguppa Station / does / leave /the train /when/?
When does the train leave Talaguppa Station?

15. conduct / classes / where / Babar Ali does / ?
Where does Babar Ali conduct classes?

16. has been cursed / which / a sage / creeper /by/?
Which creeper has been cursed by a sage?

KSEEB Solutions

B. I. Rewrite the following sentences using the word/words in brackets.

1. No one knows about this. It’s a secret, (really)
No one really knows about this. It’s a secret.

2. She told him once (only).
She told him only once.

3. I eat a lot. (always)
I always eat a lot.

4. Are you going to try? (hard)
Are you going to try hard?

5. He called you this morning, (many times)
He called you many times this morning.

6. I have been to Mumbai. I met my friend, (there)
I have been to Mumbai. I met my friend there.

7. I’m not going to tell this story, (again)
I’m not going to tell this story again.

8. Have you been to Chennai? (ever)
Have you ever been to Chennai?

9. I have never tried this method, (before)
I have never tried this method before.

10. We saw a film, (last Wednesday)
We saw a film last Wednesday.

11. The cat is playing, (in the garden)
The cat is playing in the garden.

12. They can remember, (never)
They can never remember.

13. The old man waited for us. (eagerly)
The old man waited for us eagerly.

14. Shake before use. (well)
Shake well before use.

15. We do not understand, (still)
We still do not understand.

KSEEB Solutions

II. Rearrange the jumbled segments to form meaningful sentences.

1. we/some interesting books/found/in the library
We found some interesting books in the library.

2. Shyam / play football / does / every weekend?
Does Shyam play football every weekend?

3. are building / opposite the park / a new hotel / they
They are building a new hotel opposite the park.

4. his name /I / remembered / after a few minutes
I remembered his name after a few minutes.

5. please write your name /at/ beginning / of/ page / the / the
Please write your name at the beginning of the page.

6. go to /1 / every Friday /the mosque
I go to the mosque every Friday.

7. so late / did / come home / why/ you
Why did you come home so late?

8. London / I am going/ to/ next week/for / a few days I am going to
London for a few days next week.

9. on / at /Saturday evening /you / didn’t see /I / the temple
I didn’t see you at the temple on Saturday evening.

10. around/ the procession / the Church / went
The procession went around the Church.

1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Prepositions

You can Download 1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Prepositions, 1st PUC English Textbook Answers, Karnataka State Board Solutions help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Karnataka 1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Prepositions

A. I. Identify the prepositions in the following sentences and underline them.

1. He threw the ball across the court.
2. They drove along the road.
3. Come and sit next to me.
4. Please don’t be angry with me.
Answer:

  1. He threw the ball across the court.
  2. They drove along the road.
  3. Come and sit next to me.
  4. Please don’t be angry with me.

II. Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions from the brackets.

1. Revathi, go and sit (beside/besides) Shobha.
2. Has the train (through/from) Mysore arrived?
3. Don’t eat anything (in between /between) meals as it is bad for health.
4. Varun waited (for/since) an hour for his sister at the bus stop.
5. Vidya is not afraid (of/off) anything.
Answer:

  1. beside
  2. from
  3. in between
  4. for
  5. of.

KSEEB Solutions

III. Correct the following sentences.

Question 1.
The shops in the city open on 9 O’ clock.
Answer:
The shops in the city open at 9 O’ clock.

Question 2.
He lives at Mumbai.
Answer:
He lives in Mumbai.

Question 3.
He cut an apple by a knife.
Answer:
He cut an apple with a knife.

Question 4.
It has been raining since three hours.
Answer:
It has been raining/or three hours.

Question 5.
Distribute the mangoes between all the students.
Answer:
Distribute the mangoes among all the students.

B. I. Prepositions of Place:

Look at these pictures. Below each of them write the appropriate preposition of place given in brackets.
(besides, below, behind, under, on, over, in front of, above)
1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Prepositions 1
Answer:

a – over
b – above
c – on
d – infront of
e – beside
f – below
g – under
h – behind.

II. Prepositions of Time:

Refer the picture given below and complete the sentences with at, on, in.
1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Prepositions 2

1. Columbus made his first voyage from Europe to America ______ 1492.
2. Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon ______ 21 July 1969.
3. I am just going out for shopping. I will be back ______ about 20 minutes.
4. The course begins ______ 7 January and ends sometime ______ April.
5. If the sky is clear, you can see the stars _______ night.
6. Shankar’s brother is an engineer, but he doesn’t have a job ______ the moment.
7. The telephone and the door bell rang ______ the same time.
8. My car is being repaired at the garage. It will be ready _______ two hours.
Answer:

  1. in
  2. on
  3. in
  4. on, in
  5. at
  6. at
  7. at
  8. in.

iii. Prepositions of Movement:

(a) Refer the pictures (WB page no. 8) and correct the sentences.
1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Prepositions 3
Answer:

  1. Naga crawled around the house.
  2. Naga fell off the table.
  3. Naga slithered across the road.
  4. Naga climbed up the hill.
  5. Naga moved into the huge pipe.
  6. Naga passed through the chair.
  7. Naga ran away from the tree.
  8. Naga hurried past the car.
  9. Naga dashed towards the pot.

KSEEB Solutions

(b) Fill in the blanks with the appropriate prepositions given in brackets.

1. The elephant walked _________the forest and saw the man’s hut. (through/on/onto)
2. Mr. Hyena ran _________the man’s hut and howled for a place. (into/onto/over)
3. The ship sailed the world. (around/through/over)
4. The train went ________ the tunnel. (in/through/onto)
5. The suitcase fell ________ the floor. (into/on/around)
6. She broke her leg when she fell the stairs. (off/in/down)
7. The burglar made a mistake by running _______ the policeman. (towards/under/onto)
8. I was tired after walking _________ the hill. (through/into/up)
9. When the train arrived at my destination I got ________ (into/onto/off)
10. The horse jumped ________ the fence. (over/under/down)
Answer:

  1. through
  2. Into
  3. around
  4. through
  5. on
  6. down
  7. towards
  8. up
  9. off
  10. over.

(c) Complete the following passages with appropriate prepositions given In brackets.

Question 1.
George Bernard was a man of taste. He liked to have beautiful things …..1…… (about, around) him. He was of the firm opinion that literature and beauty were both equally necessary …..2…… (in, on) life. Once a visitor asked him, “You are a lover …..3…… (of, on) everything beautiful. How is It that I do not see any flowers …..4…… (in, of) your room, though your garden is full of them?” “You are absolutely right. But, I love children too. Is it necessary for me to show my love …..5…… (with, for) them …..6…… (by, from) cutting off their heads and displaying them…..7…… (in, on) vases?” . The visitor was speechless.
Answer:

  1. around
  2. In
  3. of
  4. in
  5. for
  6. by
  7. In.

Question 2.
A little girl, who had been told that Lincoln was not very good looking, was taken …..1……(by, with) her father to see the president …..2…… (at, on) the White House. Lincoln chatted with her …..3…… (with, for) a while in his gentle, humorous way. Suddenly the little girl called out, “Daddy! He is not ugly at all. He is just beautiful.”
Answer:

  1. by
  2. at
  3. for.

1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Articles

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Karnataka 1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Articles

(A) Fill in the blanks with ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’:
1. He is youngest son in the family.
2. Anu is looking for job.
3. Could you close door, please?
4. Anil is optician.
5. Dr. Shankar is dentist.
6. My friend is a M.L.A.
7. Raju is in class.
8. Have you ever visited Andaman Islands?
9. Please bring kilogram of apples.
10. Mara did not have any teeth on right side of his mouth.
Answer:

  1. the
  2. a
  3. the
  4. an
  5. a
  6. an
  7. the
  8. the
  9. a
  10. the.

KSEEB Solutions

(B) Choose the correct option:

Question 1.
Do you enjoy listening to……..?
(a) music
(b) the music
Answer:
(a) music

Question 2.
My brother speaks……..
(a) the French
(b) French
Answer:
(b) French

Question 3.
I spent my childhood in ……..
(a) Bangalore
(b) the Bangalore
Answer:
(a) Bangalore

Question 4.
We are skiing in ……..
(a) Alps
(b) the Alps
Answer:
(b) the Alps

Question 5.
The sun rises in
(a) the east
(b) east
Answer:
(a) the east

(C) Fill in the blanks with ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’ wherever necessary. If no article is necessary put an ‘X’ in the blanks:

(a) ….1……. old pilgrim was making his way to ….2….. Himalayan Mountains in the cold of winter. When it began to rain, he went to …..3….. inn. …..4….. innkeeper said to him, “How will you ever get there in this kind of weather, my good man?” ……5….. old man answered cheerfully, “My heart got there first, so it’s easy for …..6…..rest of me to follow”.
Answer:

  1. An
  2. the
  3. an
  4. The
  5. The
  6. the.

(b) Once upon ….1……. time …..2…..elephant made friends with …..3…… a man. One day ……4….. heavy thunderstorm broke out. …..5….. elephant went to his friend who had …..6…… little hut at ……7….. edge of …..8…… forest and asked for …..9…… help.
Answer:

  1. a
  2. an
  3. a
  4. a
  5. The
  6. a
  7. the
  8. a
  9. X.

(c) ….1……. farmer-owned ….2……. piece of land in …..3……village. He grew paddy on it. He got some …..4…… bags of paddy. He took ten bags of paddy to …..5…… market in his bullock cart. On …..6…… way two bags fell on …..7…… road. …..8……farmer tried to put …..9…… bags into ….10…… cart. He could not lift ….11….. bags. ….12….. elderly gentleman came that way. He helped the farmer to put ….13….. bags on ….14…… cart. ….15……. farmer thanked ….16……. gentleman for his help.
Answer:

  1. A
  2. a
  3. a
  4. X
  5. the
  6. the
  7. the
  8. The
  9. the
  10. the
  11. the
  12. An
  13. the
  14. the
  15. The
  16. the.

KSEEB Solutions

(D) Match the following:

1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Articles 1
Answer:
1—d; 2—a; 3—e; 4—b; 5—c.

 

2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग

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Karnataka 2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग

अ) निम्नलिखित उपसर्गों से तीन – तीन शब्द बनाइए :
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 1

KSEEB Solutions

आ) निम्नलिखित शब्दों से उपसर्ग और मूल शब्द अलग – अलग कर लिखिए :
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 2

इ) निम्नलिखित शब्दों के साथ उपसर्ग जोड़कर नए शब्द बनाइए :
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 3

KSEEB Solutions

अतिरिक्त प्रश्न :
ई) उपसर्ग जोड़कर लिखिए :

2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 4
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 5
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 6

KSEEB Solutions

2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 7
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 8

KSEEB Solutions

2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 9
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 10

KSEEB Solutions

2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण उपसर्ग 11

1st PUC Political Science Question Bank Chapter 6 Legislature

You can Download Chapter 6 Legislature Questions and Answers, Notes, 1st PUC Political Science Question Bank with Answers Karnataka State Board Solutions help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Karnataka 1st PUC Political Science Question Bank Chapter 6 Legislature

1st PUC Political Science Legislature One Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
What is the root word of parliament?
Answer:
The French word ‘parlor’ is the root word of parliament.

Question 2.
State the primary function of the legislature.
Answer:
Framing of law is the primary function of the legislature.

Question 3.
Which are the two houses of the Indian Parliament?
Answer:
Lok sabha and Rajyasabha.

Question 4.
Name the two houses of the United Kingdom.
Answer:
House of Lords and House of Commons.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 5.
Who is an integral part of the Indian Parliament?
Answer:
President is an integral part of the Indian parliament.

Question 6.
Who summons the parliament of India?
Answer:
The President summons the Parliament of India.

Question 7.
Who can promulgate ordinance?
Answer:
President can promulgate an ordinance.

Question 8.
What is the maximum gap between two sessions of parliament?
Answer:
6 months is the maximum gap between two sessions of parliament.

Question 9.
Which lists are followed by the parliament to make laws?
Answer:
Union lists are followed by the parliament to make laws.

Question 10.
Who presides over the joint sitting of the two houses?
Answer:
President presides over the joint sitting of the two houses.

Question 11.
Which is popularly elected house of Indian parliament?
Answer:
Lok Sabha is a popularly elected house of Indian parliament.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 12.
Who presides over the proceeding of the Loksabha?
Answer:
Speaker presides over the proceeding of the Loksabha.

Question 13.
Who elects the speaker of Lok Sabha?
Answer:
Members are Lok Sabha elects the speaker of Lok Sabha.

Question 14.
What is the strength of Lok Sabha?
Answer:
The strength of Lok Sabha is 543 + 2.

Question 15.
How many seats are reserved for the Union Territories in Lok Sabha?
Answer:
Under article 81, not more than 20 Lok Sabha members represent the Union Territories.

Question 16.
How many members of the Anglo-Indian community can be nominated to Lok sabha? or How many nominated members are there in Lok Sabha?
Answer:
2 members represent by Anglo-Indian Community.

Question 17.
What is the term of a Loksabha member? or What is the normal tenure of the Lok Sabha?
Answer:
5 years.

Question 18.
When the term of the Lok Sabha can be extended?
Answer:
During the National emergency, the term of the Lok Sabha can be extended.

Question 19.
Where the money bill is introduced?
Answer:
The money bill is introduced in Lok Sabha.

Question 20.
What is the total strength of the Rajya Sabha?
Answer:
The total strength of the Rajya Sabha is 250.

Question 21.
How many members are nominated by the President to Rajya Sabha?
Answer:
12 members are nominated by the President to Rajya Sabha.

Question 22.
Who presides over the Rajya Sabha?
Answer:
The Vice president presides over the Rajya Sabha.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 23.
What is the tenure of the members of the Rajya Sabha?
Answer:
The tenure of Rajya Sabha is 6 years.

Question 24.
Which union territory does not have representation to the Rajya Sabha?
Answer:
Lakshadeep does not have representation to the Rajya Sabha.

Question 25.
Which house of the parliament has exclusive power to create new All India services?
Answer:
Rajya Sabha can create new All India services.

Question 26.
Which state has a maximum strength in Lok Sabha?
Answer:
Uttar Pradesh has maximum strength in Lok Sabha.

Question 27.
What is the term of members of the Legislative Assembly?
Answer:
The term of the legislative assembly is 5 years.

Question 28.
What is the term of members of the legislative council?
Answer:
6 years.

Question 29.
What is the maximum strength of the legislative council?
Answer:
The maximum strength of the council shall not exceed and 1/3rd of the total members in the assembly.

Question 30.
Who dissolves Lok Sabha?
Answer:
President dissolves Lok Sabha.

Question 31.
What are the three organs of the government?
Answer:
Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.

Question 32.
What type of legislature is existing at the centre in India?
Answer:
Bicameral legislature.

Question 33.
Give the Meaning of legislature.
Answer:
The legislature is one that makes the laws. It expresses the will of the state.

Question 34.
What is the strength of Lok sabha?
Answer:
545.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 35.
What is the term of Rajya sabha?
Answer:
Rajyasabha is a permanent chamber in the term of office of the members in 6 years.

Question 36.
Who is the speaker of Lok sabha today?
Answer:
Meera Kumar.

Question 37.
Who is the chairman of Rajya sabha?
Answer:
The vice president of India Hamid Ansari.

Question 38.
Which state sends the largest number of representatives to Lok sabha?
Answer:
Uttar Pradesh.

Question 39.
What is the age limit to become a member of Lok sabha?
Answer:
25 Years and above.

Question 40.
Who is the Custodian of the finance of the country?
Answer:
Loksabha is the custodian of the finance of the country.

Question 41.
Explain the meaning of the theory of separation of powers.
Answer:
In this, all the 3 branches of government are separate and independent.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 42.
Who wrote the book “The spirit of laws”?
Answer:
French political thinker Montesquieu.

Question 43.
What are the functions of the legislature?
Answer:
Legislature is the law-making organ of government.

Question 44.
What is the other name for the legislature?
Answer:
Parliament.

Question 45.
Who elects the president of India?
Answer:
Electoral College.

Question 46.
Which house is called a permanent house?
Answer:
Rajya Sabha.

Question 47.
Who is the Presiding officer of the Rajya sabha?
Answer:
Vice President of India.

Question 48.
Give any other two names of Lok sabha.
Answer:
House of Representatives and lower house.

Question 49.
Who is the presiding officer of the Lok sabha?
Answer:
Speaker.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 50.
Name the presiding officer of the VidhanaSabha.
Answer:
Kagadu Thimmappa.

Question 51.
What is an amendment?
Answer:
It is a process of amending, altering or changing a Law.

Question 52.
Mention the stages involved in the legislative procedure.
Answer:
There are five stages and three readings.

1st PUC Political Science Legislature Two Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
What is the legislature?
Answer:
The legislature is the most important organ of government. It is the law-making organ of government. It expresses the will of the state.

Question 2.
Name the two houses of the American congress.
Answer:
The two houses are the House of Representatives the lower house and the Senate the upper house.

Question 3.
Which part of the constitution deals with the Indian Parliament?
Answer:
Part V of the constitution deals with the Indian parliament.

Question 4.
Write the qualifications to become a member of Loksabha.
Answer:

  1. He must be a citizen of India.
  2. He must not be less than 25 years of age.
  3. Must be eligible as voters.
  4. Must process any other qualification as may be prescribed by parliament.

Question 5.
Write the two important functions of the speaker.
Answer:

  1. To preside over the session.
  2. To maintain law and order in the session.

Question 6.
What are the functions of the Deputy speaker?
Answer:
To preside over the house and perform all the functions in the absence of the speaker.

Question 7.
What is the quorum of the house?
Answer:
To conduct the proceedings of the house 1/10th of the attendance is essential. It is called a quorum.

Question 8.
Who can create or abolish the legislative councils of a state?
Answer:
Parliament can create or abolish the legislative councils by the recommendation of the concerned state Assembly.

Question 9.
What are the electoral powers of the Vidhan Sabha?
Answer:
Electing the president and speaker of the assembly is the electoral power of the Vidhan Sabha.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 10.
Who dissolve the legislative assembly?
Answer:
Governor dissolve the legislative assembly.

Question 11.
Mention the three types of legislative proceedings.
Answer:

  1. First Reading
  2. Second Reading
  3. Third Reading.

Question 12.
What are the responsibilities of the joint sitting of the house?
Answer:
In case of disagreement between the two houses on a matter of legislation, it is resolved by a Joint Sitting of both the houses presided over by the Speaker. In a Joint Sitting, Loksabha would emerge triumphant because the decisions are taken by a majority of the total number of members of both the house present and voting in which the numerical superiority of Loksabha prevails.

Question 13.
Write the two function of the speaker of the Vidhana Sabha.
Answer:

  1. To preside over the session.
  2. To maintain law and order in the session.

Question 14.
What are the qualifications of a member of Rajyasabha?
Answer:
Qualifications of members of the Rajyasabha:

  1. Must be a citizen of India.
  2. “Should have attained the age of 30 years.
  3. Owe allegiance to the constitution.
  4. Must not hold any office of profit under the Government – National, Regional or local.
  5. Should not be insolvent or man of unsound mind.
  6. Must not have acquired the citizenship of a foreign state.

Question 15.
Write the significance of the legislature.
Answer:
It is the most important organ of the government. The will of the state is expressed through the legislature. In modem representative democracy it acts as a mirror of the nation.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 16.
What type of legislature is existing in the centre in India?
Answer:
The legislature with two houses is called bicameralism. There will be upper and lower house. Different nations call the two houses by different names and the composition of house differs.

Question 17.
Write a note on the speaker of Loksabha?
Answer:
Speaker is the presiding officer of Loksabha the conducts all proceedings of Loksabha except the resolution which seeks his removal. He is the spokesman of the House.

Question 18.
Write a note on the Indian parliament.
Answer:
The constitution of India lays down that there shall be a parliament and two houses to known as the house of people (The Loksabha) upper house is Rajyasabha. In other words, we have a bicameral legislature in India.

Question 19.
Who summons the parliament of India?
Answer:
The president is empowered to summon each house of parliament to meet at such a time and place as he thinks fit. The time interval between two sessions of parliament should not be more than six months.

Question 20.
Mention the methods by which the legislature controls the executive.
Answer:
The legislature controls the executive by way of discussions and debates during the Question Hour, Adjournment Motion, Zero Hour, Cut motion. Call-attention motion etc. The soundest way of controlling the executive is by way of moving the No-confidence motion. If the executive fails to win the support of Lok sabha, they must step down.

Question 21.
What is an electoral college?
Answer:
The elected by the members of Loksabha and Rajyasabha along with the members of Legislative Assemblies of the states from the Electoral College.

Question 22.
Briefly explain the composition of Rajyasabha.
Answer:
Composition of the Rajyasabha:
The Rajyasabha consist of 250 members, of which 238 members are elected from the states through indirect elections by a single transferable vote. 12 members are nominated by the president from among those with special knowledge and experience in the field of art, literature, science, social service, etc.

Question 24.
Name the three sessions of the Indian parliament.
Answer:
The parliament meets in three sessions: the Budget session (February-May), the Monsoon session (July-September) and the winter session (November/December).

Question 25.
What is delegated legislation?
Answer:
The rules and the regulations made by the executive for the formulation and implementation of law in the parliament are called delegated legislation.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 26.
What is No-confidence motion?
Answer:
It is a resolution passed by the lower house of the legislature indicating loss or lack of faith in the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. Hence the prime minister and his council will have to resign.

1st PUC Political Science Legislature Five Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Write the meaning and significance of the legislature.
Answer:
Legislature is the most important institution in a democratic system of government. It is the law-making organ of the government. It brings the will of the people into laws. The importance of the legislature is increasing because the executive and judiciary have to work on the basis of the laws made by the legislature.

The legislature is the primary and most powerful organ of the government. It controls the executive especially in the parliamentary form of government. It sanctions the budget and controls the national finances. In a parliamentary system, the real executive is chosen from and is also controlled by it.

Question 2.
Write a short note on the Indian parliament.
Answer:
The constitution of India lays down that there shall be a parliament and two houses to be known as the house of people (The Loksabha) upper house is Rajyasabha. In other words, we have a bicameral legislature in India.

Question 3.
Write a briefly note on the composition of Lok Sabha.
Answer:
The members of Lok Sabha are elected by the people. All adult citizens unless disqualified for other reasons have the right to select their representatives. Qualifications to become the members are must be a citizen of the country and must have attained the minimum age fixed by the constitution. The term of office is five years. Speaker is the presiding officer. He is elected from among the members of the house.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 4.
Describe the composition of Rajya Sabha.
Answer:
In federal representation the state is important. In India, the members of the Rajyasabha are indirectly elected for 6 years but l/3rd of them will retire every 2 years. The Rajyasabha has 250 members out of whom 12 are nominated by the president for their contributions to science, literature, art and social sendee. The remaining 238 members are indirectly elected by the state legislative assemblies through a system of proportional representation.

Question 5.
Discuss the powers and functions of Loksabha.
Answer:
1. Legislative functions:
The power of Loksabha extends to all subjects falling under the Union List and the Concurrent list. In case of emergency in operation, its power also extends to the State list as well. No bill can become a law without the consent of Loksabha. The Loksabha has equal powers of law-making with Rajyasabha except on financial matters where the supremacy of Loksabha is total.

In case of disagreement between the two houses on a matter of legislation, it is resolved by a Joint Sitting of both the houses presided over by the Speaker. In a Joint Sitting, Loksabha would emerge triumphant because tire decisions are taken by a majority of the total number of members of both the house present and voting in which the numerical superiority of Loksabha prevails.

2. Financial functions:
On financial matters, the supremacy of the Loksabha is total and complete. “One, who holds a purse, holds power,” said James Madison. By establishing its authority over the national purse, Loksabha establishes its authority over the Rajyasabha. It is expressly stated that the Money bill can originate only in the house of people. Regarding budget, Loksabha being a representative house enjoys total authority. Loksabha’s position on financial matters is such that the demands for grants are placed only before the Loksabha.

3. Control over the executive:
The Loksabha enjoys direct control over the executive because; the executive is directly responsible to the lower house and stays in office as long as it enjoys the confidence of the house. The Loksabha not only makes laws but also supervises the implementation. The lower house being a debating house, the members are free to seek information from the executive and raise questions and seek clarifications. The members can effectively seek information from the government by way of discussions and debates during the Question Hour (seek clarification), the Adjournment Motion (raises issues of national importance), the Zero Hour, the Cu motion, the Call-attention motion, etc. The soundest way of controlling the executive is by way of moving the No-confidence motion, if the executive fails to win the support of Lok sabha, they must step down.

4. Constituent functions:
The Loksabha shares equal powers in regard to amending provisions of the constitution. An amendment may be initiated either in the Rajyasabha or Loksabha and must be passed by a 2/3 majority in both the houses present and voting. The agreement of Rajyasabha is compulsory for the success of the constitutional amendment.

5. Electoral functions:
The Loksabha and Rajyasabha elect the highest constitutional- functionaries such as the President and the Vice-president. The President is elected by the members of Loksabha and Rajyasabha along with the members of Legislative Assemblies of the states. The Vice-president is elected by members of Loksabha and Rajyasabha.

6. Judicial functions:
The Loksabha acts as a judge in the impeachment of the President. Either house can prefer the charge of impeachment. If Rajyasabha prefers the charge, Loksabha investigates the charge and if it passes a resolution by a 2/3 majority of the total membership of the house. President stands impeached from the office. The Loksabha also sits in Judgement, along with the Rajyasabha, in removing high constitutional functionaries such as the Comptroller and Auditor General, The Chief Vigilance Commissioner, the Chief Election Commissioner, etc.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 6.
Explain the powers and functions of Rajyasabha.
Answer:
1. Legislative functions:
On legislative matters, the Rajyasabha enjoys powers with the Loksabha except in case of a Money Bill or Financial Bill. Non-money Bill can originate in Rajyasabha and must get a 2/3 majority in the House and then proceeds to the Loksabha. The approval of both Houses is essential for a bill to become a law. In case of disagreement between the two Houses on a bill, both the houses sit oh a joint sitting presided by the speaker and the deadlock is resolved by a majority of the total number of members of both the houses present and voting.

2. Financial functions:
On the financial front, the Rajyasabha virtually has no powers. The procedure to deal with Money bills clearly states that a Money bill or financial bill cannot originate in the Rajyasabha. The Rajyasabha may discuss and suggest changes but have no right to reject or amend a Money Bill. It is left to the Loksabha to accept or reject its recommendations. In case, the Rajyasabha does not send back a Money bill back to the Loksabha within 14 days from the date of receipt of the bill, the bill is deemed passed, in the original form, by both the Houses.

3. Control over the executive:
The Rajyasabha’s hold over the executive is very minimal because the executive is not directly responsible to the upper house. However, it can seek information, and make clarifications on various policy matters. On issues of national and local importance, the members can grill the executive during debates and discussions during the Question Hour, the Adjournment motion, the Zero Hour, the Cut-Motion. Call- attention Motion etc.

4. Constituent functions:
The Rajyasabha enjoys full powers with Loksabha in executing constituent functions. An amendment to provisions of the constitution can be initiated in either House of the parliament and must be passed by a 2/3 majority in both the Houses present and voting. If Rajyasabha does not pass an amendment bill, the amendment Bill stands defeated. In some special provisions apart from the 2/3 majority in both house of parliament and ratification by not less than 1/2 of the states is necessary.

5. Electoral functions:
The Rajyasabha shares the privilege of electing the highest constitutional functionaries, the President and Vice-president. The President is elected by an electoral college consisting of the members of parliament along with the members of the State legislative assemblies. The members of both the houses of parliament elect the Vice-president.

6.Judicial functions:
The impeachment move against the President may be initiated in either house of the parliament. If Loksabha prefers the charge, Rajyasabha investigates the charge and passes a resolution by a 2/3 majority of the total membership of the house, then the President stands impeached. There is no need for an impeachment against the Vice-president who may be removed by a resolution of Rajyasabha passed by the majority of its members and consented to it by Loksabha. The Rajyasabha also participates in the removal of the highest constitutional functionaries such as the Chief Election Commissioner, the Vigilance Commissioner, etc.

7. Miscellaneous functions:
The Rajyasabha performs other functions as well

  1. By a resolution, Rajyasabha can create one or more All India Services.
  2. Continuation of emergency beyond the specified time must come before the Rajyasabha and Loksabha.
  3. Orders made by the President suspending enforcement of fundamental rights is required to be laid before the Rajyasabha and Loksabha.
  4. According to Article 249, the Rajyasabha by a resolution can ask the parliament to legislate on certain subjects in the State list.

Question 7.
Discuss the financial powers of both the houses of Parliament.
Answer:
Financial functions are a very important function of the modem legislature. The national finances are controlled by the legislature. The legislature enacts the annual budget. The entire financial administration of the country comes under its general supervision direction and control.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 8.
Write a short note on the composition of the Vidhana Sabha.
Answer:
There is a legislative assembly for every state. The number of members depends upon the population of the state. But it can not have less than 60 and more than 500 members. The members are chosen by direct election by people of the state. The governor has been given the power to nominate one or two members of the Anglo Indian community legislative assembly is five years.

Question 9.
Write a short note on the composition of the Vidhana Parishad.
Answer:
The Composition of the legislative council is as follows:

  • 1/3 – of the members are elected from the local bodies such as municipalities and district boards;
  • 1/3 – of the members are elected from members of the Legislative Assembly;
  • 1/12 – of the members are elected by the graduates from graduate constituencies.
  • 1/12 – of the members are elected from teacher’s constituencies consisting of secondary- school, college and university- teachers; and
  • 1/6- of the members are nominated by the Governor from the fields of science, art, social service, the co-operative movement, literature, etc.

Question 10.
Explain the powers and functions of Vidhana Sabha.
Answer:
1. Legislative Functions:
The Legislative Assembly is entitled to pass laws on all subjects that fall under the state list such as police, public health, education, local-self governments, etc. Without the consent of the Vidlianasabha, no bill can become a law. Though the Vidhanasabha is competent enough to make laws on subjects listed in the concurrent list along with the central legislature, if parliament passes a law contained in the concurrent list, the legislative assembly is not competent to pass a law on the same subject.

However, some bills require the previous permission of the President before they are introduced in the state legislature. In case of breakdown of constitutional machinery in a state or when the proclamation of emergency is in operation, parliament has the power of making laws on matters falling under the state list. In case of a conflict between state law and the law of the parliament, the law of the parliament shall supreme.

2. Financial Functions:
The Vidhanasabha enjoys total control over the finance of the state. No new tax can be levied or collected without the consent of the Vidhanasabha. The authority of the Vidhanasabha over Vidhanaparishad is strengthened by the fact that a Money bill or Financial bill can only originate in the Vidhanasabha and the Vdhanaparishad can at the most delay it by 14 days but cannot reject or amend the Bill. The annual income-expenditure statement of the year the Budget must get the approval of the Vidhanasabha. Every- year during March-April, the beginning of the financial year, it is the responsibility of the government to place the budget before the house and seek its approval.

3. Control over the Executive (Administration):
The Vidhanasabha enjoys direct control over the administration, as the executive is directly, collectively, responsible to the Vidhanasabha and remains in office as long as they enjoy the confidence of the house. The members of the house can seek information from the government through questions and supplementary questions. It is the responsibility of the ministers to clarify points raised by members and give a satisfactory explanation.

Any attempt to lie or mislead the house is considered an offence against the house punishable under Contempt of the House. The debating occasions such as the Question Hour, Adjournment motion, the Emergency Adjournment motion, the Zero Hour, the Cut motion, the Call-attention motion keeps the executive under constant check and tire executive must be alert and ready with answers. However, ministers can ask for time to answer questions. The most effective weapon in the hands of the Vidhana sabha is the No-confidence motion, which can bring down a government.

4. Electoral Functions:
The members of the Vidhana sabha along with the members of the parliament constitute an electoral college to elect the President of India. They also take part in electing the members of Rajyasabha and also of the members of Legislative council.

5. Constituent Functions:
The state legislative assembly takes part in amending a few constitutional provisions. The Assembly does not initiate any amendment to constitution neither does it has such powers. But ratification of at least not less than half of the State legislative assemblies is necessary1 for amending certain provisions of the constitution. For instance, if there has to be an amendment made to electoral procedure of electing president of India then it has to be ratified by 1/2 of the states, which in turn is done by state legislative assemblies.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 11.
Discuss the powers and functions of Vidhana Parishad.
Answer:
The powers and functions of the Vidhana Parishad are as follows:
1. Legislative functions:
No bill can become a law unless agreed upon by both the Legislative council and the Legislative assembly. Any bill other than a Money Bill can originate in the upper house. The lower house on passing a bill sends it to the upper house for consideration and recommendations.

If the upper house rejects the bill after keeping it with them for 120 days, the low er house can again send the bill. And if the Legislative council does not give approval the second time, the bill is deemed to have been passed by both the Houses of the state legislature.

2. Financial functions:
The Legislative council does not enjoy any position of power on financial matters. It is expressly stated in the constitution that a Money bill or financial bill cannot originate in the upper house. The Vidhanasabha on passing a Money bill sends it to the Vidhana Parishad for its recommendations, but it is to the lower House to accept or reject the recommendations. The Vidhana Parishad can neither correct nor amend a Money Bill.

If a Money Bill is not returned to the Vidhana sabha within 14 days of receipt of the bill, the bill is deemed passed by both the houses in its original form. On Financial matters, the Vidhana Parishad is sub-ordinate to the Vidhana Sabha. The Vidhana Parishad can only discuss the Budget but cannot make changes.

3. Control over the executive:
The influence of the Legislative council over the executive is minimal because the executive is directly responsible to the Legislative assembly. It has the right to seek necessary information and records for suggestions but cannot directly control the administration. The upper House can ask questions and supplementary questions during which ministers are duty-bound to provide satisfactory answers. The Vidhana Parishad can not initiate a motion of No-confidence to bring down the government as it is a nominated House.

Question 12.
Discuss the powers and functions of the speaker of the Loksabha.
Answer:
The presiding officer of Loksabha is the Speaker who is elected from among the members along with the Deputy Speaker and stays in office till the life of the House i.e., 5 years. His primary task is to protect the dignity and decorum of the House and to see that the proceedings of the House are conducted in an orderly and a focused manner. He is the principal spokesperson of the House and must be impartial and even-handed in dealing as the custodian of the House.

In order to ensure impartiality, the speaker resigns his party membership in the election. The Deputy speaker discharges the duty even the office of the speaker falls vacant due to resignation, death or removal by a 2/3 majority of the total membership of the House or in the absence of the speaker. The salary of the speaker is determined by the parliament from time to time. The Speaker’s position in the House is one of dignity and authority.

  • All orders of the house are executed through the Speaker
  • Communication from the President is made known through the Speaker.
  • It is the power of the speaker to declare whether a bill is a money bill or not.
  • He enjoys the authority of interpreting the Rules of procedure and has the power to vote except in case of a tie.
  • No member can speak in the House without the permission of the speaker and it is the speaker who fixes the time limit for speech.
  • He presides over the Joint sittings of the parliament.
  • During discussions, the members must address the Chair.
  • In case of a tie, the speaker has the right to cast a vote.
  • Speaker’s decisions cannot be questioned in a court of law.

Question 13.
Discuss the role of the ex-officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
Answer:
The presiding officer of the Rajyasabha is the Vice-President who acts as the ex-officio chairman of the Rajyasabha. He holds office for a period of 5 years and salaries and allowances are as determined by the parliament. The position of the Chairman is that of dignity and honour and his task is to see that the transaction of business is conducted with dignity and purpose. Smooth transaction of business and maintenance of order is the responsibility of the Chairman.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 14.
Explain the law-making procedure.
Answer:
A bill in order to become a law has to go through the law-making process. A bill, other than a Money bill, can originate in either house of the parliament before it goes to the President for assent. Non-money bill goes through three readings, involving five stages, in both the houses, before becoming a Law. A Bill may be moved by a private member called a Private Member bill or by a minister representing the Government called a Public bill. It is also called a Government bill.

1. The First Reading:
A minister or a member can introduce a bill with the permission of the Speaker. No formal debate or no speeches relating to contents of the bill are made at this stage. After the bill has been introduced, it is immediately published in the Gazette of the Government of India. Now. the First reading of the bill is complete.

2. The Second Reading:
At this stage, the concerned minister provides details such as the purpose, objectives, and background of the bill in general as well as specifics relating to various clauses, schedules, and amendments to take place. No corrections or amendments can be made at this stage and after detailed discussion, the bill is put to vote.

3. The Committee Stage:
At this stage, the bill is submitted to a Committee and the names of. the members of the Committee are published. The committee headed by a chairman examines the Bill and its provisions and discusses it clause by clause. In the process, it may ask for relevant information and suggest its own changes and modifications. And now, the report and the bill are published in the Gazette.

4. The Report Stage:
Based on recommendations made by the Committee, the bill goes through detailed discussions. Changes can be suggested at this stage and the Report Stage is the last chance for the members to make any amendments to the bill.

5. The Third Reading:
This is the formalization stage of the bill where general discussions about the concerned bill take place. At this stage, no formal amendments can be made except informal changes. Then the bill is put to vote. Though the bill is open tor rejection, even at this stage, it is not normally resorted to.

After completing five stages in the House from which it originated, say Rajyasabha, it goes to the loksabha and has to undergo the same procedure. After getting passed in both the houses, it goes for the acceptance of the President. In case the other house rejects the bill altogether, the president may call for a joint sitting of the parliament to resolve the deadlock (Article 108).

Question 15.
Write a brief note on the Legislative powers of the president.
Answer:
1. Legislative Functions:

The legislative functions are detailed below:
1. To summon, prorogue and dissolve the Parliament.

2. The President enjoys the power to address the Parliament. It is normally done after general elections or the first session of the year. It is generally called Presidential speech. This inaugural speech outlines the objectives and priorities of the government.

3. In passing the bills, if a deadlock arises due to non-agreement between two houses of the parliament, the President may call for a joint session of both the houses.

4. The President may address Lok sabha or Rajya sabha or both any time and also may send a message to both the houses of parliament to look into a bill.

5. In the considered view of the President, if he is satisfied that the Anglo-Indian com¬munity is not adequately represented, he may nominate 12 members to Rajya Sabha and 2 members to Lok sabha.

6. Prior permission of the President is essential while dealing with bills relating to the formation of new states, alteration of boundaries and some special bills like the finance bills.

7. No bill can become a law without the assent of the President. He enjoys the power to withhold a bill. This power is called ‘Veto power’. However, he cannot refuse his assent for finance bills. But he can withhold assent for a nonmoney bill. But if the same is resubmitted for signature even without changes, he cannot refuse to sign it.

8. The President enjoys the power of issuing Ordinance when the parliament is not in session. It will have the same power and effect similar to that of a law made by the Parliament provided the same is ratified by the Parliament within 6 weeks of its passage. Otherwise, it ceases to be a law and is considered null and void or zero.

Question 16.
Which is more powerful? State legislative assembly or state legislative council? Explain.
Answer:
The legislative council is a weaker chamber. It is not only the second but also the secondary chamber of the state legislature. Money bills must originate only in the legislative assembly. The council has no control over the ministry in the state.

Question 17.
What are the miscellaneous functions of the Rajyasabha?
Answer:
The miscellaneous functions of the Rajyasabha are:

  1. By a resolution, Rajyasabha can create one or more All India Services.
  2. Continuation of emergency beyond the specified time must come before the Rajyasabha and Loksabha.
  3. Orders made by the President suspending enforcement of fundamental rights is required to be laid before the Rajyasabha and Loksabha.
  4. According to Article 249, the Rajyasabha by a resolution can ask the parliament to legislate on certain subjects in the State list.

Question 18.
What are the functions of the legislature?
Answer:
1. Lawmaking: The legislature enacts new laws, amends old laws and repeals unwanted laws.

2. Deliberative: The Legislature conducts extensive discussions on matters of public importance, bills and the budget.

3. Formulates policies: The legislature formulates domestic and foreign policy.

4. Controlling the executive: The legislature controls both the political and administrative executive, through questions, resolutions, and motions. A no-confidence motion is to express a lack of faith in and to oust the government.

5. Financial control: To enact money bills and budgets.

6. Judicial: The judiciary can impeach the heads of state and the judges of the higher courts.

7. Constitutional: the legislature amends the constitution.

8. Electoral: It is part of the Electoral College that elects the head of the state.

9. Ventilation of grievances: The legislature is a forum of complaints and formation of public opinion.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 19. Briefly explain the importance of the legislature.
Answer:
The Importance of the legislature is:
The importance of Legislature has grown many-fold due to the ever-increasing role of government in the developmental activity. In present times, the role of the executive and judiciary cannot be imagined without legislature. That’s why Gilchrist has rightly observed thus: “The legislature is the preamble, executive the content and judiciary the conclusion”.

1. Lawmaking:
The Lawmaking the role of the legislature is so vital because even though the executive is strong, a wrong law passed by the legislature will have disastrous consequences. So, efficient lawmaking is essential and that task is handled by legislature. While making laws, it is important to evaluate the pros and cons of that legislation.

2. Determines the government:
In democracies, people elect a government of their choice from among competing political parties in elections, held periodically. Party or parties that secure majority support of the people form the government and others act as the opposition. The government is also called as “the ruling party or ruling coalition” continues as long as it enjoys the confidence of the legislature (lower house). If the government fails to secure a motion of no confidence it has to vacate the office. In India, parliamentary elections are held once in 5 years whereas in U.S.A, presidential elections are held once in 4 years.

3. Public platform:
The importance of legislature is reflected in its role serving as a public platform. The legislature consists of people’s representatives from different nooks and comers of the country representing various castes, religions, languages, customs, traditions, cultures and vivid socio-economic backgrounds. These representatives assemble in one place to discuss problems concerning people of the whole nation. So, legislature plays a key role in mirroring national sentiment.

Question 20.
Briefly explain the theory of separation of powers.
Answer:
The theory of separation of powers deals with the relationship between the three organs of government. This theory was put forward by Montesquieu, a French political thinker in his book “The spirit of the laws”. He suggested that the governmental powers must be separated between i.e., legislature, executive and judiciary, Montesquieu theory had a great influence on the US constitution.

1st PUC Political Science Legislature Ten Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Describe the composition, powers, and functions of Loksabha.
Answer:
The members of Lok Sabha are elected by the people. All adult citizens unless disqualified for other reasons have the right to select their representatives. Qualifications to become the members are must be a citizen of the country and must have attained the minimum age fixed by the constitution. The term of office is five years. Speaker is the presiding officer. He is elected from among the members of the house.

The powers and functions of LokSabha are as follows
1. Legislative functions:
The power of Loksabha extends to all subjects falling under the Union List and the Concurrent List. In case of emergency in operation, its power also extends to the State list as well. No bill can become a law without the consent of Loksabha. The Loksabha has equal powers of law-making with Rajyasabha except on financial matters where the supremacy of Loksabha is total.

In case of disagreement between the two houses on a matter of legislation, it is resolved by a Joint Sitting of both the houses presided over by the Speaker. In a Joint Sitting, Loksabha would emerge triumphant because the decisions are taken by a majority of the total number of members of both the house present and voting in which the numerical superiority of Loksabha prevails.

2. Financial functions:
On financial matters, the supremacy of the Loksabha is total and complete. “One, who holds purse, holds power” said James Madison. By establishing its authority over the national purse, Loksabha establishes its authority over the Rajyasabha. It is expressly stated that the Money bill can originate only in the house of people. Regarding budget, Loksabha being a representative house enjoys total authority. Loksabha’s position on financial matters is such that the demands for grants are placed only before the Loksabha.

3. Control over the executive:
The Loksabha enjoys direct control over the executive because; the executive is directly responsible to the lower house and stays in office as long as it enjoys the confidence of the house. The Loksabha not only makes laws but also supervises the implementation. The lower house being a debating house, the members are free to seek information from the executive and raise questions and seek clarifications.

The members can effectively seek information from the government by way of discussions and debates during the Question Hour (seek clarification), the Adjournment Motion (raises issues of national importance), the Zero Hour, the Cu motion, the Call-attention motion, etc. The soundest way of controlling the executive is by way of moving the No-confidence motion, if the executive fails to win the support of Lok sabha, they must step down.

4. Constituent functions:
The Loksabha shares equal powers in regard to amending provisions of the constitution. An amendment may be initiated either in the Rajyasabha or Loksabha and must be passed by a 2/3 majority in both the houses present and voting. The agreement of Rajyasabha is compulsory for the success of the constitutional amendment.

5. Electoral functions:
The Loksabha and Rajyasabha elect the highest constitutional functionaries such as the President and the Vice-president. The President is elected by the members of Loksabha and Rajyasabha along with the members of Legislative Assemblies of the states. The Vice-president is elected by members of Loksabha and Rajyasabha.

6. Judicial functions:
The Loksabha acts as a judge in the impeachment of the President. Either house can prefer the charge of impeachment. If. Rajyasabha prefers the charge, Loksabha investigates the charge and if it passes a resolution by a 2/3 majority of the total membership of the house. President stands impeached from the office. The Loksabha also sits in Judgement along with the Rajyasabha, in removing high constitutional functionaries such as the Comptroller and Auditor General, The Chief Vigilance Commissioner, the Chief Election Commissioner, etc.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 2.
Describe the composition, powers, and functions of Rajyasabha.
Answer:
In federal representation the state is important. In India, the members of the Rajyasabha are indirectly elected for 6 yrs but 1/3rd of them will retire even. 2 yrs. The Rajyasabha has 250 members out of whom 12 are nominated by the president for their contributions to science, literature, art and social service. The remaining 238 members are indirectly elected by the state legislative assemblies through a system of proportional representation.

The powers and functions of Rajyasabha are as follows:
1. Legislative functions:
Oh legislative matters, the Rajyasabha enjoys powers with the Loksabha except in case of a Money Bill or Financial Bill. Non-money Bill can originate in Rajyasabha and must get a 2/3 majority in the House and then proceeds to the Loksabha. The approval of both Houses is essential for a bill to become a law.

In case of disagreement between the two Houses on a bill, both the houses sit on a joint sitting presided by the speaker and the deadlock is resolved by a majority of the total number of members of both the houses present and voting.

2. Financial functions:
On the financial front, the Rajyasabha virtually has no powers. The procedure to deal with Money bills clearly states that a Money bill or financial bill cannot originate in the Rajyasabha. The Rajyasabha may discuss and suggest changes but have no right to reject or amend a Money Bill. It is left to the Loksabha to accept or reject its recommendations. In case, the Rajyasabha does not send back a Money bill back to the Loksabha within 14 days from the date of receipt of the bill, the bill is deemed passed, in the original form, by both the Houses.

3. Control over the executive:
The Rajyasabha’s hold over the executive is very minimal because the executive is not directly responsible to the upper house. However, it can seek information, and make clarifications on various policy matters. On issues of national and local importance, the members can grill the executive during debates and discussions during the Question Hour, the Adjournment motion, the Zero Hour, the Cut-Motion, Call- attention Motion, etc.

4. Constituent functions:
The Rajyasabha enjoys full powers with Loksabha in executing constituent functions. An amendment to provisions of the constitution can be initiated in either House of the parliament and must be passed by a 2/3 majority’ in both the Houses present and voting. If Rajyasabha does not pass an amendment bill, the amendment Bill stands defeated. In some special provisions apart from the 2/3 majority in both house of parliament and ratification by not less than 1/2 of the states is necessary.

5. Electoral functions:
The Rajyasabha shares the privilege of electing the highest constitutional functionaries, the President and Vice-president. The President is elected by an electoral college consisting of the members of parliament along with the members of the State legislative assemblies. The members of both the houses of parliament elect the Vice-president.

6. Judicial functions: The impeachment move against the President may be initiated in either house of the parliament. If Loksabha prefers the charge, Rajyasabha investigates the charge and passes a resolution by a 2/3 majority of the total membership of the house, then the President stands impeached.

There is no need for an impeachment against the Vice president who may be removed by a resolution of Rajyasabha passed by the majority of its members and consented to it by Loksabha. The Rajyasabha also participates in the removal of the highest constitutional functionaries such as the Chief Election Commissioner, the Vigilance Commissioner, etc.

7. Miscellaneous functions:
The Rajyasabha performs other functions as well as

  1. By a resolution Rajyasabha can create one or more All India Services.
  2. Continuation of emergency beyond the specified time must come before the Rajyasabha and Loksabha.
  3. Orders made by the President suspending enforcement of fundamental rights is required to be laid before the Rajyasabha and Loksabha.
  4. According to Article 249, the Rajyasabha by a resolution can ask the parliament to legislate on certain subjects in the State list.

Question 3.
Explain the composition, powers, and functions of Vidhana Sabha.
Answer:
There is a legislative assembly for every state. The number of members depends upon the population of the state. But it can not have less than 60 and more than 500 members. The members are chosen by direct election by people of the state. The governor has been given the power to nominate one or two members of the Anglo Indian community legislative assembly is five years.

The powers and functions of Vidhanasabha are as follows:
1. Legislative Functions:
The Legislative Assembly is entitled to pass laws on all subjects that fall under the state list such as police, public health, education, local-self governments, etc. Without the consent of the Vidhanasabha, no bill can become a law. Though the Vidhanasabha is competent enough to make laws on subjects listed in the concurrent list along with the central legislature, if parliament passes a law contained in the concurrent list, the legislative assembly is not competent to pass a law on the same subject.

However, some bills require the previous permission of the President before they are introduced in the state legislature. In case of breakdown of constitutional machinery’ in a state or when the proclamation of emergency is in operation, parliament has the power of making laws on matters falling under the state list. In case of a conflict between state law and the law of the parliament, the law of the parliament shall supreme.

2. Financial Functions:
The Vidhanasabha enjoys total control over the finance of the state. No new tax can be levied or collected without the consent of the Vidhanasabha. The authority of the Vidhanasabha over Vidhanaparishad is strengthened by the fact that a Money bill or Financial bill can only originate in the Vidhanasabha and the Vidhanaparishad can at the most delay it by 14 days but cannot reject or amend the Bill. The annual income-expenditure statement of the year the Budget must get the approval of the Vidhanasabha. Even year during March-April, the beginning of the financial year, it is the responsibility of the government to place the budget before the house and seek its approval.

3. Control over the Executive (Administration):
The Vidhanasabha enjoys direct control over the administration, as the executive is directly, collectively, responsible to the Vidhanasabha and remains in office as long as they enjoy the confidence of the house. The members of the house can seek information from the government through questions and supplementary questions. It is the responsibility of the ministers to clarify points raised by members and give a satisfactory explanation.

Any attempt to lie or mislead the house is considered an offence against the house punishable under Contempt of the House. The debating occasions such as the Question Hour, Adjournment motion, the Emergency Adjournment motion, the Zero Hour, the Cut motion, the Call-attention motion keeps the executive under constant check and the executive must be alert and ready with answers. However, ministers can ask for time to answer questions. The most effective weapon in the hands of the Vidhanasabha is the No-confidence motion, which can bring down a government.

4. Electoral Functions:
The members of the Vidhanasabha along with the members of the parliament constitute an electoral college to elect the President of India. They also take part in electing the members of Rajyasabha and also of the members of Legislative council.

5. Constituent Functions:
The state legislative assembly takes part in amending a few constitutional provisions. The Assembly does not initiate any amendment to constitution neither does it has such powers. But ratification of at least not less than half of the State legislative assemblies is necessary for amending certain provisions of the constitution. For instance, if there has to be an amendment made to electoral procedure of electing president of India then it has to be ratified by 1/2 of the states, which in turn is done by state legislative assemblies.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 4.
Describe the composition, powers, and functions of Vidhana Parishad.
Answer:
The Composition of the legislative council is as follows:

  • 1/3 – of the members are elected from the local bodies such as municipalities and district boards.
  • 1/3 – of the members are elected from members of the Legislative Assembly.
  • 1/12 – of the members are elected by the graduates from graduate constituencies.
  • 1/12 – of the members are elected from teacher’s constituencies consisting of secondary school, college, and university teachers; and
  • 1/6- of the members are nominated by the Governor from the fields of science, art, social service, the co-operative movement, literature, etc.

The powers and functions of the Vidhana Parishad are as follows:
1. Legislative functions:
No bill can become a law unless agreed upon by both the Legislative council and the Legislative assembly. Any bill other than a Money Bill can originate in the upper house. The lower house on passing a bill sends it to the upper house for consideration and recommendations. If the upper house rejects the bill after keeping it with them for 120 days, the lower house can again send the bill. And if the Legislative council does not give approval the second time, the bill is deemed to have been passed by both the Houses of the state legislature.

2. Financial functions:
The Legislative council does not enjoy any position of power on financial matters. It is expressly stated in the constitution that a Money bill or financial bill cannot originate in the upper house. The Vidhanasabha on passing a Money bill sends it to the Vidhana Parishad for its recommendations, but it is to the lower House to accept or reject the recommendations. The Vidhana Parishad can. neither correct nor amend a Money Bill. If a Money Bill is not returned to the Vidhana sabha within 14 days of receipt of the bill, the bill is deemed passed by both the houses in its original form. On Financial matters, the Vidhana Parishad is sub-ordinate to the Vidhana Sabha. The Vidhana Parishad can only discuss the Budget but cannot make changes.

3. Control over the executive:
The influence of the Legislative council over the executive is minimal because the executive is directly responsible to the Legislative assembly. It has the right to seek necessary information and records for suggestions but cannot directly control the administration. The upper House can ask questions and supplementary questions during which ministers are duty-bound to provide satisfactory answers. The Vidhana Parishad cannot initiate a motion of No-confidence to bring down the government as it is a nominated House.

Question 5.
What are the special powers of both the Houses of the Parliament?
Answer:
The Rajyasabha performs other functions as well as

  1. By a resolution, Rajyasabha can create one or more All India Services.
  2. Continuation of emergency beyond the specified time must come before the Rajyasabha and Loksabha.
  3. Orders made by the President suspending enforcement of fundamental rights is required to be laid before the Rajyasabha and Loksabha.
  4. According to Article 249, the Rajyasabha by a resolution can ask the parliament to legislate on certain subjects in State list. The Loksabha enjoys direct control over the executive because; executive is directly responsible to the lower house and stays in office as long as it enjoys the confidence of the house. The Loksabha not only makes laws but also supervises the implementation. The lower house being a debating house, the members are free to seek information from the executive and raise questions and seek clarifications.

The members can effectively seek information from the government by way of discussions and debates during the Question Hour (seek clarification), the Adjournment Motion(raises issues of national importance), the Zero Hour, the Cu motion, the Call-attention motion, etc. The – soundest way of controlling the executive is by way of moving the No-confidence motion, if the executive fails to win the support of Lok sabha, they must step down.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 6.
Explain the role, powers, and functions of the speaker of Loksabha.
Answer:
The presiding officer of Loksabha is the Speaker who is elected from among the members along with the Deputy Speaker and stays in office till the life of the House i.e., 5 years. His primary task is to protect the dignity and decorum of the House and to see that the proceedings of the House are conducted in an orderly and a focused manner. He is the principal spokesperson of the House and must be impartial and even-handed in dealing as the custodian of the House.

In order to ensure impartiality, speaker resigns his party membership on election. The Deputy speaker discharges the duty when the office of the speaker falls vacant due to resignation, death or removal by a 2/3 majority of the total membership of the House or in the absence of the speaker. The salary of the speaker is determined by the parliament from time to time. The Speakers’ position in the House is one of dignity and authority.

  • All orders of the house are executed through the Speaker
  • Communication from the President is made known through the Speaker.
  • It is the power of the speaker to declare whether a bill is a money bill or not.
  • He enjoys the authority of interpreting the Rules of procedure and has the power to vote except in case of a tie.
  • No member can speak in the House without the permission of the speaker and it is the speaker who fixes the time limit for speech.
  • He presides over the Joint sittings of the parliament.
  • During discussions, the members must address the Chair.
  • In the case of a tie, the speaker has the right to cast a vote.
  • Speaker’s decisions cannot be questioned in a court of law.

Question 7.
Explain the role, powers, and functions of the speaker of Vidhana Sabha.
Answer:
The presiding officer of Vidhana sabha is the Speaker who is elected from among the members along with the Deputy Speaker and stays in office till the life of the House i.e., 5 years. His primary task is to protect the dignity and decorum of the House and to see that the proceedings of the House are conducted in an orderly and a focused manner. He is the principal spokesperson of the House and must be impartial and even-handed in dealing as the custodian of the House. In order to ensure impartiality, the speaker resigns his party membership in the election.

The Deputy speaker discharges the duty when the office of the speaker falls vacant due to resignation, death or removal by a 2/3 majority of the total membership of the House or in the absence of the speaker. The salary of the speaker is determined by the parliament from time to time. The Speaker’s position in the House is one of dignity and authority.

All orders of the house are executed through the Speaker

  • Communication from the Governor is made known through the Speaker.
  • It is the power of the speaker to declare whether a bill is money bill or not.
  • He enjoys the authority of interpreting the Rules of procedure and has the power to vote except in case of a tie.
  • No member can speak in the House without the permission of the speaker and it is the speaker who fixes the time limit for speech.
  • During discussions, the members must address the Chair.
  • In case of a tie, the speaker has the right to cast a vote.
  • Speaker’s decisions cannot be questioned in a court of law.

1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Verbs

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Karnataka 1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation Verbs

Time and Tense

A. I. Fill in the blanks by choosing the appropriate answer:

Question 1.
Don’t make noise. You ________ me.
(a) is disturbing
(b) are disturbing
(c) was disturbing
Answer:
(b) are disturbing

Question 2.
My friend goes to the gym. He ______ to be fit.
(a) is wanting
(b) has wanted
(c) wants
Answer:
(c) wants

Question 3.
Generally, they speak in Kannada. But now, they _______ in English.
(a) are speaking
(b) is speaking
(c) were speaking
Answer:
(c) were speaking

Question 4.
The sun in the east.
(a) is rising
(b) was rising
(c) rises
Answer:
(c) rises

KSEEB Solutions

II. Complete the following conversation using the appropriate forms of the verbs given in brackets.

  • Hari: My parents …….. (be/plan) to go to America.
  • Anil: When they …….. (be/leave)?
  • Hari: They ……..(leave) next month.
  • Anil: Are you going with them?
  • Hari: No, I can’t …….. (go) with them, because I …….. (have) a project to complete.
  • Hari: My parents are planning to go to America.
  • Anil: When are they leaving?
  • Hari: They are leaving next month.
  • Anil: Are you going with them?
  • Hari: No, I can’t go with them, because I have a project to complete.

III. Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

1. Salim Ali is an ecologist. He…….. (love) nature.
2. Flute is my father’s favourite musical instrument. He …….. (keep) listening to it all the time.
3. City life is very expensive. Even food items ……..(cost) a lot.
Answer:

  1. loves
  2. keeps
  3. cost.

IV. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate form of the verb given in brackets.

In the Indian tradition, offering prayers is common in many activities. A dancer ….1….. (offer) prayers asking forgiveness to the Earth goddess before she ….2….. (begin) the dance. Chefs offer a prayer to the stove before they ….3….. (cook) for certain religious functions. There ….4….. (be) rituals at various stages of building a house.
Answer:

  1. offers
  2. begins
  3. cook
  4. are.

V. Complete the sentences using ‘for’, ‘since’ or ‘ago’.

1. I have been using this bike the ……. last ten years.
2. She spoke to him two years…….
3. He has been waiting ……. at 2 o’clock.
4. My friend has been working ……. hours.
5. They have been working in this office ……. 1990.
Answer:

  1. for
  2. ago
  3. since
  4. for
  5. since.

KSEEB Solutions

VI. Complete the sentences by using the past tense form of the verbs given in brackets.

1. My friend ……. (be + drive) when the accident took place.
2. The priest ……. (visit) my father last week.
3. They ……. (speak) to me about the incident a few hours ago.
Answer:

  1. was driving
  2. visited
  3. spoke.

B. I. Write a paragraph using the information about John’s routine given below.

SI. No. Routine Time/duration
01 Getting up 5 a.m.
02 Taking a morning walk 15 minutes
03 Studying 2 hours
04 Taking bath Around 7:30 a.m.
05 Having breakfast Around 8:30 a.m.
06 Attending classes 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
07 Watching T.V. An hour
08 Helping parents An hour
09 Studying Up to 10 p.m.
10 Having dinner After 10 p.m.
11 Visiting relatives Once in a week
12 Watching movies with friends Once in a month

Answer:
John’s routine:
John gets up at 5 a.m. and takes a morning walk for 15 minutes. He studies for 2 hours before taking bath around 7-30 a.m. He has breakfast around 8-30 a.m. He attends classes from 10 a.m. to 4-30 p.m. After going home he watches T.V. for an hour. He helps his parents for an hour and studies up to lo p.m. He has his dinner after lo p.m. He visits his relatives once in a week and watches movies with friends once in a month.

II. With the above as a model, write a paragraph on your routine.
Answer:
I get up at 6 a.m. and exercise for an hour. I bathe immediately after that and say my prayers for 15 minutes. Around 740 a.m. I have my breakfast and leave home by 8-00 a.m. as the college bus comes to pick me up at 8-15 a.m. I attend classes from 9-00 a.m. to 4-00 p.m. After going home I watch T.V. for about an hour. Then I play video games for about half an hour. Then I study up to 9-30 p.m. I have my dinner at 10 p.m.

III. Complete the following sentences with the verbs from the list.
(like. likes, go, goes, have, has, live, lives)

1. She _____many friends in the city.
2. My friend in London. So I there every year to meet him.
3. Many youngsters to the world in America.
4. He ______to the market every day.
5. She _____many types of fruits but she doesn’t_________ banana.
Answer:

  1. has
  2. lives, go
  3. like
  4. goes
  5. likes, like.

KSEEB Solutions

IV. Vikas ( went to kuppali last month. Below is an extract of how he spent his time there.
Using this information, write a paragraph on his activities.
Kuppali yesterday at 8:30 pm – (stay) at the guest house – (get up) early in the morning – (ga) to Navilugudda. 30 minute drive – (watch) the sunrise – (be) a spectacular sight – (return) to Kuppali – (Visit) ‘Kavi Shyla’ – (pay) respect to the Samadhis of Kuvempu and Tejaswi – (take) photographs – some tourists from Mysore (have) arranged a campfire – (invite) me to join them – (join) the campfire – (have) a happy time with them – (be) a memorable trip.
Answer:
Vikas reached Kuppali at 8-30 p.m. and stayed at the guest house. He got up early the next day to go to Navilugudda which was a 30-minute drive. He watched the sunrise there which was a spectacular sight. He returned to Kuppali and visited ‘Kavi Shyla’. He paid respect to the samadhis of Kuvempu and Tejaswi and took some photographs. Some tourists from Mysore had arranged a campfire. They invited Vikas to join them. Vikas had a happy time with them. It was a memorable trip for Vikas.

V. Complete the following paragraph choosing the correct form of the verbs given in brackets.

After hearing the Rt. Hon. Mr. Elephant’s conclusive evidence, the Commission …1… (call)
Mr. Hyena and other elders of the jungle, who all …2… (support) what Mr. Elephant …3… (say). They then called the man, who …4… (begin) to give his own account of the dispute. But the Commission …5… (cut) him short, saying: ‘My good man, please …6… (confine) yourself to relevant issues. We …7… (have) already …8… (hear) the circumstances from various unbiased sources; all we …9… (wish) you to tell us …10… (be) whether the undeveloped space in your hut …11… (be) occupied by anyone else before Mr. Elephant …12… (assume) his position.
Answer:

  1. called
  2. supported
  3. had said
  4. began
  5. cut
  6. confine
  7. have
  8. heard
  9. wish
  10. is
  11. had been
  12. assumed.

VI. Complete the following sentences using simple past or past continuous forms of the verbs.

1. He ……….. (meet) his teacher while he ……….. (be/go) to the market.
2. When I ……….. (be) at home this evening, it ………..(rain).
3. Last month, my friend ……….. (be/stay) in Bangalore, and I ……….. (go) to see him.
4. Yesterday, he ……….. (forget) to call me as he ……….. (be/do) his homework.
5. Rajanna ……….. (be/work) in the office when Basavaraj ……….. (meet) him.
Answer:

  1. met, was going
  2. was, was raining or rained
  3. was staying, went
  4. forgot, was doing
  5. was working, met.

2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय

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Karnataka 2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय

अ) निम्नलिखित प्रत्ययों से तीन – तीन शब्द बनाइए :
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय 1

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आ) निम्नलिखित शब्दों से मूल शब्द और प्रत्यय अलग अलग कर लिखिए :
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय 2
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय 3
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय 4

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2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय 5
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय 6
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय 7

KSEEB Solutions

2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय 8
2nd PUC Hindi Workbook Answers व्याकरण प्रत्यय 9

1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation E-mail Writing

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Karnataka 1st PUC English Workbook Answers Articulation E-mail Writing

Exercise

Question 1.
Write an e-mail to your friend telling him/her about your new college.

To [email protected]
Cc
Subject My new college

DearAnand,
How are you? Sorry that I didn’t mail you all these days. I needed time to settle down in this new set up. Moreover, we are allowed to use the internet facility only on Sundays.
My new college is nice and I have no problem at all. Of course, I do feel homesick and miss my friends once in a while, but it’s not the fault of the college. The infrastructure is fantastic and the teachers are of a good standard. We have a lot of scope for extra-curricular activities as we have many ceils and associations.

I have joined the Waste Management cell and NSS because I sincerely want to contribute my bit towards social welfare. We had an orientation programme which made us get acquainted with our teachers, seniors, and classmates. The Cabinet Members took us around the campus and gave us a thorough knowledge of what is where. Since I’m a good eater, I am happy that our college has a full-fledged canteen with quite a few food items, reasonably priced. When you visit me here, I will take you to the canteen. Do visit me as soon as possible. I miss you a lot.

Yours,
Venkatesh

KSEEB Solutions

Question 2.
Write an e-mail addressing the manager of Ariel Tours and Travels, Bengaluru asking him/her about the latest travel packages to coastal Karnataka. Ask about

  • package cost
  • no. of places included in the package
  • duration
To [email protected]
Cc
Subject Travel Packages

Dear Mr. Roy Rodrigues,

I’m Vasudev, student president of Veerashaiva College, and I’m planning to organize a tour to coastal Karnataka for the interested students and staff of our college. I seek a few pieces of information with regard to the tour as you have travel packages. We would like to visit places of historical importance such as Karkala where we can see the monolithic statue of Gomateshwara, Moodbidri which is famous for the thousand pillared temple and historically famous Sulthan Batheri in Mangalore.

We do not want the tour to exceed two days, which should be inclusive of travel time. Please let us know what would be the cost. We will be around 40 in number and we want the lodging facility to be reasonable. Since we are students, we hope you will give us as much concession as you can. Please get back to us as early as possible so that we can finalise the tour and go ahead with the preparation.

Thank you.

Sincerely,
Vasudev

KSEEB Solutions

Question 3.
Compose an e-mail addressing the principal of your college providing your bio-data for nomination for the Student of the Year Award.

To [email protected]
Cc
Subject Student of the Year Award

Dear Sir,
I saw on the college website a notification about the Student of the Year Award. I’m Ravindranath of II Year PUC ‘C’ section and I request you to consider my nomination for the award. I have always been an earnest student, showing keen interest in both curricular and extra-curricular activities. I have taken the initiative in introducing many innovative practices which have tapped the potential of students. I have been instrumental in the college having a tie-up with outside service organizations, enabling students to take up service activities. I’ve enclosed a detailed bio-data of my achievements and services and I request you to shortlist me for the award, if you are happy with my performance. If there is any other detail to be furnished, I will be happy to provide you with the same.

Thank you.

Yours sincerely,
Ravindranath

KSEEB Solutions

Attachment:

Bio-Data

Name: Ravindranath
Class: II PUC
Address:36, PJ. Extension, Davanagere
Email: [email protected]
Phone: 9844417164

Services Rendered to College :

Class Representative of I PUC (2011.12)
Student Coordinator of the Helpline of college (2011-12)
Assistant Coordinator of the Inter-collegiate Fest (2011-12)
Vice President of the Student Council (2012-13)
Coordinator of the Inter-collegiate Fest (20 12-13)

Achievements:

Best Outgoing Student of the College (2010-11)
Topper of the Arts Stream (2011-12)
Best M.C. – District Level Variety Entertainment conducted by the Retract
Club of Davanagere (2011-12)
Best Speaker — State Level Elocution Competition conducted by the
Airports Authority of India (2012-13).

References :

Dr. Shalini Aithal
HOD of Psychobgy
Bapuji P.U. College
Anja neya Extension
Davangere
Mr. Alwyn Pinto
President, Rotary Club of Davangere
Rotary Bhavan
Vidyanagar Road
Davangere.

2nd PUC Sociology Question Bank Chapter 3 Inclusive Strategies

Karnataka 2nd PUC Sociology Question Bank Chapter 3 Inclusive Strategies

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2nd PUC Sociology Inclusive Strategies One Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Which Article of the Indian Constitution abolishes untouchability?
Answer:
Article 17.

Question 2.
In which year the untouchability (Offences) Act was enacted?
Answer:
1955.

Question 3.
In which year the Programe Stree Shakhti was launched?
Answer:
2000-2001.

Question 4.
Who introduced the concept of Micro Finance in Bangladesh?
Answer:
Muhammad Yunus.

Question 5.
Where is the Headquarters of Lijjat located?
Answer:
Mumbai.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 6.
Which non-governmental organization is working for Soligas?
Answer:
Vivekananda, Girijana Kendra.

Question 7.
Who started Harijana and young India Newspapers?
Answer:
Mahathama Gandhi.

Question 8.
Who started Mookanayak News Papers?
Answer:
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

Question 9.
Who founded Sulabh International?
Answer:
Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak.

Question 10.
What is gender discrimination?
Answer:
Discrimination against people based on their Gender.

Question 11.
In which year towards equality report was Submitted?
Answer:
1974.

Question 12.
Which year Government of India declared as year of women empowerment?
Answer:
2001.

Question 13.
Who coined affirmative Action?
Answer:
John. F. Kennedy.

Question 14.
Who started Harijana Sevaka Sangha?
Answer:
Mahathama Gandhi.

Question 15.
Who started Bahishkritha Hitha Karinisabha?
Answer:
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

Question 16.
Expand LAMPS.
Answer:
Large Area Multi Purpose Societies.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 17.
Expand TRIFED.
Answer:
Tribal Co-Operative Market Development Federation of India.

Question 18.
In which year protection of civil Rights Act was passed?
Answer:
1976. .

Question 19.
Expand NCW.
Answer:
National Commission for Women.

Question 20.
Expand SGH.
Answer:
Self – Help Groups.

Question 21.
Expand SEWA.
Answer:
SelfEmployed Women Association.

Question 22.
Expand SKDRDP.
Answer:
Shri Kshethra Dharmasthala Rural Development Project.

Question 23.
Expand SCP.
Answer:
Special Component Plan.

Question 24.
Expand SCA.
Answer:
Special Central Assistance.

Question 25.
Expand SCDC.
Answer:
Scheduled Caste Development Corporation.

Question 26.
Expand CIIL.
Answer:
Central Institute of Indian languages.

Question 27.
What is the provision of Article 335 of the constitution?
Answer:
Reservations to SCs and STs.

Question 28.
In which year national commission for women was established.
Answer:
1992.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 29.
Expand NABARD.
Answer:
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development.

2nd PUC Sociology Inclusive Strategies Two Marks Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Give the meaning of Affirmative action.
Answer:
Affirmative action refers to policies that take factors including “caste, creed, religion, or sex, into consideration, in order to benefit an underrepresented group in areas of employment, education, and business”.

Question 2.
Explain the concept of Women Empowerment.
Answer:
The dictionary meaning of the terms “empowerment” is to give power or authority. Hence empowerment is the act of giving power. Thus women’s empowerment is the act of empowering women i .e. to give them the power or authority. The term Empowerment has different meanings to women of different classes.

Question 3.
What is a self help group?
Answer:
“A Self-Help Group comprises a group of micro enterpreneurs having homogenous social and economic backgrounds, all voluntarily coming together to save regular small sums of money, mutually agreeing to contribute to a common fund and to meet their emergency needs on the basis of mutual help”.

Question 4.
What is micro finance?
Answer:
Micro Finance is defined as, financial services such as Saving A/c, Insurance Fund & credit provided to poor & low income clients so as to help them to rise their income & there by improve their standard of I living.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 5.
What is Stree Shakthi?
Answer:
The programme was launched during 2000-01 and it is being implemented throughout the state to empower rural women and make them self reliant is called as Stree Shakthi.

Question 6.
Mention any two objectives of stree shakhti.
Answer:

  1. To strengthen the process of economic development of rural women and create a conducive environment for social change.
  2. To form self help group based on thrift and credit principles which builds self reliance and enable women to have greater access and control over resources.

Question 7.
Mention the advantages of Internal lending in self help groups.
Answer:
Managing their own common fund, financing needs of each other develops their skills of financial management.

2nd PUC Sociology Inclusive Strategies Five Marks Questions and Answers

Question 1.
What were the provisions of the Untouchability Act 1955?
Answer:
The Untouchability (Offences) Act -1955. It provides penalties for the following offences.

  1. Preventing a person on grounds of untouchability, from entering a place of public worship, offering prayer therein or taking water from a tank, well or spring.
  2. Enforcing all kinds of social disabilities such as denying access to any shop, public
    restaurant, public hospital or educational institutions, hotel or any other place of public entertainment, the use of any road, river, well, tank, water tap, cremation ground, sanitary convenience and Dharmashalas.’
  3. Enforcing occupational, professional or trade disabilities in the matter or enjoyment of any benefit under the charitable trust in the construction or occupation of any residential premises in any locality or the observance of any social or religious usages or ceremony.
  4. Refusing to sell goods or render services to an untouchable.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 2.
Briefly explain the role of NGOs for upliftment of SCs/STs.
Answer:
Non-Governmental. Organizations have played a vital role in welfare of Scheduled Castes. The important ones are (1) Harijan Sevak Sangh, (2) Indian Depressed Classes League, (3) Hindi Sweepers Sevak Sangh, (4) Servants India Society, (5) Ishwar Saran Ashram, (6) All India Backward Classes Federation, (7) Bharatiya Adimajati Sevak Sangh, Vanarasikalayana Sabha, Sri Ramakrishna Mission etc., have also made efforts to eradicate untouchability.

Question 3.
List out the strategies for women empowerment.
Answer:
The strategies for empowerment of women can be classified as legal, social and economic.
(1) Legal Strategies: After the independence several laws were drafted with the aim to treat women on par with men. Some of the legislation are as follows :

  • Hindu Marriage Act of 1955
  • Hindu Succession Act of 1956.
  • Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act of 1956.
  • Dowry Prohibition (Amendment) Act 1984
  • Domestic Violence Act 2005 etc.

(2) Social Strategies: Social strategies are as follow:

  • Establishment of Women Welfare Services.
  • Legal literacy of women through mass media.
  • Help of neighbours to be sought in the cases of abused women.
  • Conducting public education and awareness programmes in order to help women.
  • Males are also to be educated to realize their new roles in the changed times and the necessity of their own contribution to family life.

(3) Economic Strategies: Economic strategies are as follow;

  • Educational and vocational training for women which enable them to seek jobs and become economically dependent.
  • Technological aids that will be labour saving devices and will lighten women’s burden of heavy daily tasks.
  • Train women in both formal and non-formal education.
  • Credit facilities to start small-scale industr.evself-employment.
  • Programmes of placing women in important positions at various levels.

Question 4.
Explain the main features of micro finance.
Answer:
Micro Finance is defined as, financial services such as Savings Accounts, Insurance Fund & credit provided to poor & low income clients so as to help them to rise their income & there by improve their standard of living. Microfinance is a source of financial services for entrepreneurs and small businesses lacking access to banking and related services.
Major Features of Microfinance:

  1. Loan without security
  2. Loans to people who live BPL (Below Poverty Line)
  3. Even members of SHG may get benefit from Micro Finance
  4. Maximum limit of loan under microfinance is relatively small amount.
  5. The terms and conditions given to poor people are decided by SHG.

For some, microfinance is a movement whose object is a world in which as many poor to have permanent access to an appropriate range of high quality financial services, including not just credit but also savings, insurance, and fund transfers. Many of those who promote microfinance generally believe that such access will help poor people out of poverty. For others, microfinance is a way to promote economic development, employment and growth through the support of micro-entrepreneurs and small businesses.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 5.
Explain the objectives of towards equality report.
Answer:
A National Commission was formed to examine the status and problems of Indian women. Report of this Commission is called as “Towards Equality Report 1974”.
Objectives of the Towards Equality Report

  1. To examine the Constitutional, legal, and administrative provisions that have a bearing on the social status of women, their education and employment.
  2. To assess the impact of these provisions during the last two decades on the status of women in the country, particularly in the rural sector and to suggest more effective programmes.
  3. To consider the development of educations among women and determine the factors responsible for the slow progress in some areas and suggest remedial measures.
  4. To survey the problems of the working women including discrimination in employment and remuneration.
  5. To examine the status of women as housewives and mothers in the changing social pattern and their problems in the sphere of further education and employment.
  6. To undertake survey of case studies on the implications of the population policies and family planning programmes on the status of women.
  7. To suggest any other measures which would enable women to play their roles to the fullest in building up the nation.

2nd PUC Sociology Inclusive Strategies Ten Marks Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Explain the importance of towards equality report 1974.
Answer:
The study collected extensive data related to the various aspects of women. Trends observed by the study were surprising. Excepting the fields of education and employment where women belonging to the middle class achieved moderate success, almost all fields showed a very low percentage of participation by women. Many worked longer hours for meagre wages. Almost all women actively participated in economic activities without any financial benefit. In addition, they were also responsible for taking care of their family members especially children and the elderly.

It was believed that, due to the equality principle adopted by the constitution acted in favour of women who were denied equal rights earlier. It was felt that, Indian women enjoy equal status on par with men and also enjoy the support of men in their endeavours. In reality, only the middle class women were able to achieve some amount of progress in the fields of education and employment. But, a majority of Indian women still were victims of violence, dowry, gender discrimination etc., thus, the report of the Commission exposed hard realities.

The Commission expressed concerns about issues related to women like, lower rates of life expectancy, declining sex ratio, high death rates, low participation in economic activities etc. Such trends were against the accepted goals of our Constitution. Another point to be noted here is that, during the 19th century, women were seen as the victims of certain social evils and in the post-independence period they were seen as beneficiaries of development projects but not as active participants of development projects. Their role in the national movement, labour movements and peasant movement is ignored.

As observed by the scholars political parties accepted the role of women in building a new society in a rather reluctant way. Report of the Commission influenced the policies of the government while formulating developmental projects. It identified certain wrong notions about the role and status of women. It was a starting point for many future studies of women with a fresh perspective.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 2.
Mention any ten Constitutional provisions relating to upliftment of SCs and STs.
Answer:
Constitutional provisions relating to the above said groups are as follow:

  1. Article 15: The state shall not discriminate against any citizen on the grounds of Religion, Race, caste sex, place of birth or any of them. The removal of any disability, restriction or condition with regard to access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and place of public entertainment or the use of wells, tanks, roads, and place of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of state funds or dedicated to the use of general public.
  2. Article 16: There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matter relating to employment or appointment to any office under the state.
  3. Article 17: Untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of untouchability shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
  4. Article 23: Illegalizes traffic in human beings and forced labour.
  5. Article 25 B: Hindu religious institution of public characters is open to all classes and sections of Hindu.
  6. Article 29: Cultural and linguistic minority has right to conserve its language or culture. The article provides protection to scheduled tribe communities to preserve their languages, dialects and cultures. The state would not by law enforce upon it any other culture or language.
  7. Article 46: The state shall promote with special care the educational and economic interest of the weaker sections of the people and in particular of the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.
  8. Article 164: provides for a separate ministry in charge of welfare of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and backward classes.
  9. Article 325 of part XV: It guarantees to all citizens of India the right to vote.
  10. Article 330, 332 and 334: Provides seats shall be reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the house of people and state legislature.
  11. Article 335: It mentions the claim of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts.
  12. Article 338: Empowers the central government to appoint a commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
  13. Article 339: Empowers the president to appoint a commission to report on the administration of the scheduled areas and the welfare of scheduled tribes in the states.
  14. Article 341: Empowers the president to specify the castes, races or tribes deemed as Scheduled Castes in a particular state or union territory.
  15. Article 342: Empowers the president to specify the tribes deemed to be Scheduled Tribes in a particular state or union territory.

KSEEB Solutions
Question 3.
Explain the developmental programs for the upliftment of Scheduled Castes.
Answer:
1. Appointment of a National Commission for the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Tribes: A National Commission for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes has been set up by the Central Government to safeguard the interests of the SCs and STs. It functions as an advisory body on issues and policies related to the development of the SCs and STs.

2. Educational Opportunities: Due attention is paid to extend the educational opportunities of SCs and STs and hence special provisions have been made in this regard. Free education, free distribution of books, stationery, uniform etc. giving scholarships, educational loan facilities, providing mid-day meal, arranging for free boarding and lodging facilities, reserving seats for SCs and STs in all the government and government aided institutions, etc.

3. Expansion of Economic Opportunities: Government has taken up economic programmes also for the benefit of SCs and STs. Examples: Landless SC labourers are allotted land. Land reforms have been undertaken to bring benefits of land ownership for them. Poor SC farmers are supplied with seeds, agriculture implements, fertilizers, pesticides, interest-free loans, pair of bullocks for ploughing, subsidy for developing dairy farming, poultry farming, piggery, animal husbandry, handicrafts, spinning and weaving.

4 Expansions of Employment Opportunities and Reservation: In order to enhance the economic position of the SCs and STs the Constitution has provided for the reservation in services. Reservation exists in all these for the SCs and STs to the extent of 15% and 7.5% respectively.

5. Upliftment of Scheduled Castes through Five Year Plans: The welfare of the Scheduled Castes has been given special attention in the Five Year Plan. The Central Government sponsored a comprehensive three strategies for the development of the SCs during the 6th Five Year Plan [1980-85]. This consisted of three schemes:

  1. Special Component Plan [SCPs]
  2. Special Central Assistance [SCA]
  3. Scheduled Development Corporation (SCDCs).

1. Special Component Plan [SCP]: The main objective of this plan is to assist the SC families to improve their income substantially. This plan envisages identification of schemes of development which would benefit SCs, quantification of funds from all programmes of specific targets as to the number of families to be benefited from these programmes.

2. Special Central Assistance [SCA]: The main purpose of this scheme is to provide additional assistance to the States from the Centre to help the economic advancement of the maximum possible number of Schedule Caste families living below the poverty line.

3. Scheduled Caste Development Corporation (SCDC): These SCDCs provide money and loan assistance to SC families and help them to increase the flow of funds from financial institutions to SC families. These Corporations established in the States are expected to act as interface between the SC families and financial institutions including banks. Both the Central and the State Governments contribute grants to these SCDCs.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 4.
Explain the Tribal welfare programs in India.
Answer:
The following welfare programmes are implemented for the upliftment of tribals.

I. Economic Programmes: The amount allocated for the tribal welfare schemes in different plans go to prove, that tribal development is one of the priorities. The amount allocated in fifth plan was Rs. 1100 crore and it was Rs. 5535 crore and Rs. 10.500 crore in the sixth plan (1980-85) and seventh plan (1985-90) respectively.

(a) The 20-point Programme: The 20-Point Programme too focused attention on the development of Scheduled Tribes. Economic assistance was lent to tribal families to move above the poverty line.

(b) Establishment of LAMPS and TRIFED: To relieve the tribals of the bonded labour system. The bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act. 1976 was passed. That apart, to loosen the grip of the moneylenders and the middlemen on the tribals, the government organized “Large Area Multi-Purpose Societies” (Lamps). These were intended to provide adequate credit facilities for- productive purposes.

These were the Co-operative societies helping tribals in selling their agricultural and minor forest produce and providing them with improved varieties of seeds, manure, -insecticides, agricultural implements, etc. For marketing the tribal produce, the “Tribal Co-operative Marketing Development Federation of India” (TRIFED) has been set up. It works to eliminate exploitation of tribals and realization of better prices.

(c) Assistance to Agriculture: Tribals cultivation is uneconomic and also unscientific. They are being persuaded to take up scientific agriculture. Agricultural implements, manure, seeds and loan facilities are being provided and tribals are also given land rights.

II. Educational Programmes: They are also provided with free hostels, faculties such as free tuition, stipends, scholarships, mid-day meals, text-books, etc. “Ashrama Schools” with lands attached to them and “Technical Schools” have come up in tribal areas. They are also given training free of cost in poultry, forestry, animal husbandry, Apiculture, etc. Tribal-students taking competitive examinations are given pre-examination training free of cost.

There are pre-examination training centers and coaching- cum-guidance centers exclusively meant for students of Scheduled Tribes. National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) and Central Institue of Indian languages Mysore have already prepared teaching module for more than 60 tribal dialects to popularize education among the tribals.

III. Research Programmes: For the study of tribal in scientific way Tribal Research centres have been set up. There are at present 11 such centres in India. To co-ordinate their activates, a 30 member “Central Research Advisory Council” has also been set up. The council provides guidance on policy formulation.

IV. Health, Housing and Other Schemes: Under various schemes, houses and sites have been given to the tribals. There are a number of voluntary organizations working for the welfare of tribals. For instance, Dr. H. Sudarshan’s Vivekananda Girijana Kendra and Karuna Trust has done a commendable work in the upliftment of Soliga, a tribal community inhabiting Biligiri Ranga Hills in Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka. They are helping in Education, Health and Empowerment of Soligas.

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Question 5.
Briefly explain the Shri Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat and SEWA.
Answer:
Shri Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat Papad, popularly known as Lijjat, is an Indian women’s cooperative involved in manufacturing of various fast moving consumer goods. The organisation’s main objective is empowerment of women by providing them employment opportunities. Started in the year 1959 with a seed capital of Rs. 80, Lijjat has an annual turnover of around Rs. 6.50 billion in 2010, with Rs. 290 million in exports. It provides employment to around 42,000 women. Lijjat is headquartered in Mumbai and has 67 branches all over India.

Lijjat is primarily a cottage industry, urban by its origin, that has spread to the rural areas. It is considered as one of the most remarkable entrepreneurial initiatives by women that are identified with female empowerment in India. Self-Employed Women Association – SEWA: Self-Employed Women Association has made significant contribution to the empowerment of women. It has strived to integrate self-employed poor women with the mainstream economy through the twin strategies of struggle and development.

Women are the worst victims of poverty. Poor women generally experience a The self-employed women of Ahmadabad organized and formed the Self-Employed Women Association – (SEWA) in 1972. The motivation and guidance was furnished by the leadership Ela Bhatt. SEWA has strived to create conditions of full employment and self-reliance for all its members.

The central concern of SEWA has been to secure the existence of its members by furnishing financial support in the form of micro-credit to self-employed women. In order to provide finance facility at the earliest The Shri Mahila SEWA Sahakari Bank Ltd. Was registered in 1974. In the beginning SEWA Bank started functioning in urban areas; later on it extended its operations to rural areas. SEWA began its activities in rural areas in 1975.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 6.
Explain the role of Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar in eradicating untouchability?
Answer:
Freedom struggle and eradication of untouchability were both very important for Gandhij i. He preached against untouchability and has set a model by his deeds and words. He himself lived with the Harijans and shared their sorrows and sufferings. He made them participate in worships, prayers, keerthanas. He wrote extensively in ‘Harijan’ and ‘Young India’ about the condition of Harijans and propagated in favour of various legal provisions against several kinds of injustice meted out to the untouchables.

He cleaned the streets and toilets of Scheduled Castes. By his selfless, sincere self effort he created awareness among the Harijans regarding cleanliness, sanitation and health. After 1931, Indian National Congress set up a council to consider the problem of untouchability.

It was due to ceaseless effort of this council that ‘Harijan Sevak Sangh’ came into existence. The sangh also provides the Harijan students with financial assistance and scholarships. Kasturaba Balika Ashram in Delhi, Harijan Balika Vidyalaya at Sabarmati are just two examples . of schools started by the Sangh for the cause of female education. The Sangh has branches all over the country and it is maintaining 120 boarding houses. Gandhiji called untouchables as UED Harijana and popularised the word Harijana.

The word Harijana was first coined by Gujarathi saint Narasimha Mehatha. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, popularly known as Baba Saheb stood for the emancipation of untouchables. Being the chief architect of the constitution, he has legalised the upliftment of the untouchables through the inclusion of many articles. The constitution of India guarantees, protects, and safeguards the rights and interests of all in general and of untouchables in particular.

Ambedkar wanted to instil in the hearts of untouchables, the ideas of self-dignity, self-confidence and self-respect. For the very same purpose he had started the ‘Bahishikrita Hitakarini Sabha’. The movement he had started was known as ‘self-respect movement’. In order to attain a respectable position in society, he asked untouchables to follow five principles, i.e., Pancha Sutras’. They are; Self Improvement, Self-Dependence Self-Respect Self-Confidence Self Progress.

In order to create awareness among the untouchables Ambedkar started a paper called Mooka Nayaka. He brought them under one banner; organized ‘All-India Depressed Classed Conference’ in 1942 at Nagpur. In his Dalit movement, Ambedkar suggested three principles: Education, Agitation and Organization.

Question 7.
Explain the role of sulabha souchalaya in Empowering scavengers?
Answer:
Sulabh International is an Indian based social service organization which works to promote Rehabilitation of manual Scavengers human rights, environmental sanitation, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management and social reforms through education. Sulabh was founded by Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak in 1970.

Innovations include a scavenging- free two-pit flush toilet (Sulabh Shauchalaya); safe and hygienic on-site human waste disposal technology; a new concept of maintenance and construction of pay-&-use public toilets, popularly known as Sulabh Complexes with bath, laundry and urinal facilities being used by about ten million people every day and generates bio-gas and bio-fertilizer produced from excreta-based plants, low maintenance wastewater treatment plants of medium capacity for institutions and industries.

Other work includes setting up public school in New Delhi and also a network of centres all over the country to train boys and girls from poor families, specially scavengers, so that they can compete in open job market. The United Nations Centre for Human Settlements has praised Sulabh’s sanitation system as a “Global Urban Best Practice” at the Habitat-II conference held at Istanbul (Turkey), in June, 1996.

The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations granted Special Consultative Status to Sulabh in recognition of its work. Sulabh claims their plan on human waste disposal and social reforms has provided jobs directly to 35,000 people, and made 240 towns scavenging free.

KSEEB Solutions

Question 8.
Explain the strategies of Women Empowerment.
Answer:
The strategies for empowerment of women can be classified as legal, social and economic.
(1) Legal Strategies: After the independence several laws were drafted with the aim to treat women on par with men. Some of the legislation are as follows :

  1. Hindu Marriage Act of 1955
  2. Hindu Succession Act of 1956.
  3. Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act of 1956.
  4. Dowry Prohibition (Amendment) Act 1984
  5. Domestic Violence Act 2005 etc.

(2) Social Strategies: Social strategies are as follow:

  1. Establishment of Women Welfare Services.
  2. Legal literacy of women through mass media.
  3. Help of neighbours to be sought in the cases of abused women.
  4. Conducting public education and awareness programmes in order to help women.
  5. Males are also to be educated to realize their new roles in the changed times and the necessity of their own contribution to family life.

(3) Economic Strategies: Economic strategies are as follow:

  1. Educational and vocational training for women which enable them to seek jobs and become economically dependent.
  2. Technological aids that will be labour saving devices and will lighten women’s burden of heavy daily tasks.
  3. Train women in both formal and non-formal education.
  4. Credit facilities to start small-scale industries/self-employment.
  5. Programmes of placing women in important positions at various levels.

KSEEB Solutions

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