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Karnataka 1st PUC Sanskrit Textbook Answers Shevadhi Chapter 8 सान्तःपुरः शरणागतोऽस्मि
सान्तःपुरः शरणागतोऽस्मि Questions and Answers, Notes, Summary
सान्तःपुरः शरणागतोऽस्मि Summary in Kannada
सान्तःपुरः शरणागतोऽस्मि Summary in English
Sanskrit ‘Kavya’ is classified into two types namely, ‘श्रव्य’ and ‘दॄश्य’. That which is capable of being read and experienced through the eyes is known as ‘ दॄश्यकाव्यl’. In Sanskrit ‘ दॄश्यकाव्य’ is generally famous as नाटक
The present lesson is an extract from the fourth Act of the play ‘Balacharitam’ which is written by the famous playwright Bhasa.
Bhasa has written thirteen plays in all. The learned T. Ganapathi Shastri printed and published these plays for the first time. He opines that Bhasa belongs to the 5th century B.C.
A wicked serpent Kaliya by name takes resort along with his family in the Yamuna river. The water of the river Yamuna becomes poisoned due to the venom of Kaliya. The residents of Gokula face problems due to this. Hearing this, Damodara comes there and destroys the arrogance of Kaliya.
Sankarshan – Balarama
Damodara – Sri Krishna
Kaliya – A huge black snake
Gopikas – Cowherd girls
Vriddha Gopalaka – Old herdsman
(Then enter the cowherd girls)
Cowherd Girls – Oh my master, Don’t! Don’t go into that river! Indeed it is the home of a great and wicked snake.
Damodara – Girls! Don’t be anxious.
Cowherd Girls – Lord Sankarshana! Please prevent Lord Damodara.
Sankarshana – No need for worry or anxiety. Show him your love.
Damodara – For the welfare of the people I shall subdue this snake as quickly as possible.
(Enters the pool)
Cowherd Girls – Oh, look at the rising smoke! Damodara – Oh! The pool is so deep.
The river Yamuna, boiling with fire of poison within, grey with Kaliya’s smoky breath. I will change this river with ripples of liquid sapphires and the luster of dark blue silk in folds (1)
(Then enters the old herdsman)
Old Herdsman – Oh, Lord! He entered into the river though the girls tried to stop him. Don’t be rash in going on. Here, the tigers, wild boars and elephants that drink the water of this river die on the spot. I can’t see him. What shall I do now? Well, I shall climb this Kumbhapalasha tree and get a view.
(Climbing and seeing) Alas! there is smoke rising up.
Sankarshana – Ladies! Take a look.
Having seized the snake, stirring up the water from the bottom, standing on the hood of the dark blue snake, Damodara looks like Indra who is standing on a cloud. (2)
(Enter Damodara holding Kaliya)
Damodara – Here he is.
Ignoring the anger of Kaliya – which is full of poison, I will place my feet at the edge of its head, and perform the herdsmen’s dance, hallisaka. (3)
Cowherd Girls – Wonderful, master indeed wonderful! He is performing hallisaka dance standing on Kaliya’s five hoods. Damodara – Now, I too will pluck some flowers.
Kaliya – Ah! Just as the Lokaloka Mountain occupied the entire earth at the time of churning of the milky ocean, like the bowstring of Shiva, Adisesha circumambulated the Mandara mountain, today, I will, with my hoods as strong as the trunk of Iravata, circumambulate you and dispatch you to the abode of God of death – Yama. (4)
Old Herdsman – (coming down) Well done my lord well done! I will also come and assist you.
Oh! I am scared my lord! Indeed I am scared! I will go and convey all these things to Nandagopa.
Damodara – Having destroyed the fish and crocodiles from the interior of the river Yamuna, I will, by force, throw this wicked serpent breathing heavily as it is at the peak of arrogance and moving its large circular hood, at once on the ground. (5)
Kaliya – Here I am.
By whose rage the human body is set on fire and the whole earth consumed, I will burn you up with a circle of flames; let the group of Maruts protect you and your world. (6)
Damodara – Kaliya! If you are strong, then burn this single arm of mine.
Kaliya – Ha, Ha, Ha! I could burn the entire earth with its seven great mountains extended to the four oceans. Why can’t I burn your arm? Wait for a while, I will reduce you to ashes.
(Emits venomous flames)
Damodara – Alas! You have shown your valour!
Kaliya – Have mercy! My lord Narayana, have mercy on me.
Damodara – You were arrogant because of your strength.
Kaliya – Have mercy O my lord, I was ignorant. With all my wives I seek your protection.
Damodara – Kaliya, why did you enter this Yamuna river?
Kaliya – I was afraid of Garuda who is your vehicle. Hence I entered this river. I seek your help. Please free me from the fear of Garuda.
Damodara – Let it be so.
Hey great snake! When he looks at my footprint on your head, Garuda himself will give you security. From today onwards you must not disturb people, cows and brahmins.
Kaliya – O my Lord! This water is poisoned with my venom. I will suck out the poison and leave this river Yamuna.
Damodara – You may go now.
Kaliya – As my Lord commands.
(Exits with his family)