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Karnataka 2nd PUC Sanskrit Textbook Answers Shevadhi Chapter 2 परेषामपि रक्ष जीवितम्
परेषामपि रक्ष जीवितम् Questions and Answers, Notes, Summary
परेषामपि रक्ष जीवितम् Summary in Kannada
परेषामपि रक्ष जीवितम् Summary in English
When King Bhoja came forward to ascend the throne, a statuette spoke out: ‘Pay attention! I will tell you a story’.
King Vikramaditya was a sovereign of impeccable valor and nobility. He had conquered all his foes. Once, he placed the burden of government on his ministers and himself set out to travel abroad in the guise of a saint.
The king would stop for some days wherever it pleased him, and also spend time where there was something amazing to see. As he travelled thus, one evening the sunset while he was in a great forest, and he sat down for shelter under a tree.
At the top of the tree lived an aged king of the birds named Chiranjivi. His sons and grandsons would go out every day in the morning to feed themselves and return in the evening, each one bringing a fruit for the old Chiranjivi.
From under the tree, the king listened to Chiranjivi as, sitting at ease, the latter asked the other birds: “Children, what interesting things did you see while wandering in various lands?” One bird replied: “I did not see anything extraordinary, but there is great sorrow in my heart today.” “Then tell us why you are sad,” said Chiranjivi. “How will just telling help?” asked the bird, to which the old man replied: “My son, one who is sad can find relief by talking about his sorrow to a friend.”
On hearing these words, the younger bird explained his grief: “Listen, father. There is a mountain called Saivala Ghosha in the northern country. Near it is the town of Palasa. A ogre living on that mountain would come every day to the town, seize any man he chanced upon and take him back to devour him. Eventually the people of the town told the ogre: “O Bakasura, do not be willful and eat just anyone who comes your way. We will give you one person every day for your food.” Much time has passed since then, and they surrender to him daily, one man from each household in turn. Today a friend of mine, a Brahmin, is marked to be the ogre’s diet, and this is the reason for the sorrow in my heart. I grieve because I can do nothing to prevent it.”
After listening to the birds, the king went to the town of Palasa. There, in the evening, he saw the man who had come according to his turn. He had given his final instructions to his family, and was sitting on the rock in front of the ogre’s abode, his face miserable with the fear of death. The king gave courage to the Brahmin and sent him away.
The king then inspected the rock and, having bathed in a nearby lake, came and sat on it. The ogre arrived at the same time. Astonished to see Vikrama sitting there smiling, he said: “From where have you come, virtuous man? Those who sit daily on this rock are dead with fright even before I arrive. But you seem to have tremendous fortitude. You are smiling. What is more, a man’s physical and mental abilities droop and decline when he is about to die, but you are radiant and beaming. So tell me who you are?”
The king said, “I am parting with this body of mine for the sake of others, at my own free will. Hence there is no pain or sorrow. What do you have to do with such considerations? Do your own business. Take your food”.
“This is a virtuous man,” the ogre said to himself. “He grieves in the grief of others, setting aside his own wishes for pleasure and enjoyment.”
The good wish for the happiness of all.
They grieve deeply in the grief
of others, abandoning their own
desires for pleasure and enjoyment. (1)
“Great one”, he said to the king, “in giving it up for others, your life itself is worthy of praise.” For,
Animals too live just to fill their bellies.
That life alone is praiseworthy,
which is lived for others. (2)
“Great man,” the ogre continued, addressing the king, “I am pleased with you. Choose a boon.” The king then replied: “If you are happy with me, ogre, then give up eating humans from today. Furthermore, listen to my advice”.
Just as life is dear to oneself, so it is to all creatures. Just as you guard your own life, protect the lives of others. (3)
Awakened by the king, the ogre gave up killing from that time. And, unnoticed by anyone, King Vikramaditya returned to his own Ujjayini.
After recounting this story, the statuette told King Bhoja: ‘Majesty, if you have such qualities of magnanimity and doing good to others, then sit upon this throne’. But the king stayed silent.