Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers (Old Pattern)

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Karnataka State Syllabus SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 1 (Old Pattern)

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

I. Four alternatives are given for each of the following questions / incomplete statements. Only one of them is correct or most appropriate. Choose the correct alternative and write the complete answer along with its letter of the alphabet in your answer booklet. [10]

Question 1.
The Peshwa Baji Rao II entered the Subsidiary Alliance because [1]
A. The army of Holkar defeated the army of Baji Rao II
B. There was a difference among the Maratha chieftains
C. Lord Wellesley defeated the army of Peshwa
D. The Peshwa Baji Rao II lost the war to the British

Question 2.
The purpose of dividing Bengal in 1905 according to Indians was [1]
A. to divide Hindus and Muslims
B. to support the Anti-British protests
C. to develop western part of Bengal
D. to Provide basic amenities to the people

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Question 3.
Communism in USSR collapsed due to [1]
A. Reformations of Gorbachev
B. Karl Marx’s scientific communism
C. October Revolution
D. The assumption of leadership of communist countries by Joseph Stalin

Question 4.
The foreign policy of India opposes imperialism as India [1]
A. suffered under the British rule
B. Signed Panchasheel principle
C. Is a leader of third world nations
D. Had trade contact with European countries

Question 5.
Security Council is like the Cabinet of UNO because it [1]
A. has five permanent members
B. has ten Temporary members
C. Has special voting power
D. it can Take major decisions on global issues

Question 6.
People of coastal Karnataka agitated under the leadership of Shivaram Karantha as they [1]
A. Had a fear that Nuclear plant destroys dense forests
B. Wanted the government to stop cutting sown the trees in Kalase forest
C. Thought that ecological balance will be destroyed
D. Thought the that environment pollution increases

Question 7.
The group which belongs to Agro-based industries is [1]
A. Iron industries, Aluminium Industries and Copper industries
B. Cotton textiles, Jute mills and sugar industries
C. Biotechnology, Advance Technology and Information technology
D. Cinematography, Electrical Industries and plastic industries

Question 8.
In Recent days Mica export from India has declined because [1]
A. Quality of Mica is very low
B. Synthetic Mica is being used
C. Mica has become exhausted
D. Use of Mica has been banned

Question 9.
The 73rd Constitutional Amendment act is very important milestone in Indian Administrative system because [1]
A. Civil Service system was introduced
B. Uniform system of Panchayat Raj institution was established
C. Political reservation system was introduced
D. Reformation was brought in parliamentary system

Question 10.
Globalization creates free trade zone by [1]
A. Using container services
B. Creating subsidies
C. Removing the import and export duties
D. Overcoming the political barriers

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

II. Answer the following questions in a sentence each. [14]

Question 11.
The expansion of British rule was easier on South India during the rule of Lord Wellesley. Why? [1]

Question 12.
What is Policy of Assertion? [1]

Question 13.
Which was the treaty signed to stop second Anglo-Mysore war? [1]

Question 14.
Policy of Association reduced the gap between the British and the Indians, How? [1]

Question 15.
Vernacular press act was major hurdle in the development of Indian Journalism, Why? [1]

Question 16.
India declared that “No country of the world shall practice Apartheid, Why? [1]

Question 17.
What is Social Stratification? [1]

Question 18.
What is women empowerment? [1]

Question 19.
Define intensive farming? [1]

Question 20.
Knowledge based industry is rapidly developing industry in our country, Why? [1]

Question 21.
When was RBI established? [1]

Question 22.
Where is the Headquarters of WHO? [1]

Question 23.
How do the physical features of an area affect the distribution of population? [1]

Question 24.
How is density of population different from size of population? [1]

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

III. Answer the following questions in two or three sentences each [30]

Question 25.
What was the cause and results of Carnatic War-III? [2]

Question 26.
Explain how Bramha Samaj strive hard in contributing to Indian social reformation? [2]

Question 27.
How did the political factors lead to the first war of Indian independence? [2]

Question 28.
Name the problems faced by India soon after Independence? [2]
OR
Name the princely states that were forced to join the Indian Union?

Question 29.
How did USA gain upper hand in the competition of stockpiling weapons? [2]

Question 30.
It is inevitable for India to have good relationship with other countries why? [2]

Question 31.
Which are the problems faced by third world countries? [2]

Question 32.
Why was protection of children from sexual offences act – 2012 implemented? [2]

Question 33.
Explain the importance of Northern Plains. [2]

Question 34.
Differentiate between the two branches of southwest monsoons. [2]

Question 35.
Mention any four importance of forests. [2]

Question 36.
Irrigation is very essential in India, Why? [2]

Question 37.
Which factors favour ocean waterways in India? [2]

Question 38.
The discrimination has not come down even though Indian Constitution has assured equality of freedom, opportunities for both men and women, Why? [2]

Question 39.
If a consumer wants to get reimbursement when denied in spite of guarantee period what does he do? [2]

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

IV. Answer the following questions in six or eight sentences each. [18]

Question 40.
Explain the role of farmers revolts in the freedom movement of India. [3]
OR
Explain the impact of British education system on the Indians.

Question 41.
What are the precautionary measures to check communalism? [3]
OR
What are the aims of UNO?

Question 42.
Explain the measures taken by our government to bring educational equality? [3]
OR
Explain the labour inequalities in India?

Question 43.
Why is Mumbai the most important cotton textile industrial center even today? [3]
OR
Human forces are the causes for landslides, How?

Question 44.
What are the functions of RBI? [3]
OR
What are the goals of public expenditure?

Question 45.
What are the services rendered by post offices? [3]
OR
What are the functions of Entrepreneur?

V. Answer the following question in about 8 to 10 points [8]

Question 46.
Explain the major developments that took place during the Non-cooperation movement. [4]

Question 47.
Draw an outline map of India and mark these [4]
1. 82½° E Longitude
2. Ennore
3. Naharkatiya

Answers

Answer 1:
A. The army of Holkar defeated the army of Baji Rao II

Answer 2:
A. to divide Hindus and Muslims

Answer 3:
A. Reformations of Gorbachev

Answer 4:
A. suffered under the British rule

Answer 5:
D. it can Take major decisions on global issues

Answer 6:
A. Had a fear that Nuclear plant destroys dense forests

Answer 7:
B. Cotton textiles, Jute mills and sugar industries

Answer 8:
B. Synthetic Mica is being used

Answer 9:
B. Uniform system of Panchayat Raj institution was established

Answer 10:
C. Removing the import and export duties.

Answer 11:
Lord Wellesley followed three policies- Subsidiary Alliance, waging war against new states and administering the states directly that were under the control of the British.

Answer 12:
Indians were allowed to participate in the process of creating laws. In order to understand the aspirations of Indians, representation was given to Indians.

Answer 13:
The Treaty of Mangalore ended the Second Anglo Mysore war in CE 1784.

Answer 14:
The British decided to involve the Indians in the process of legislation to gain their confidence and love after the First war of Indian Independence. The inability to listen to the voice of Indians was considered as the main cause for the violence by Indians.

Answer 15:
Vernacular press act was implemented by Lord Litton to curb the freedom of the local press which was used by the Indians leaders to create awareness among the Indians about various social issues through their newspapers.

Answer 16:
Apartheid is an affront to human rights and world peace.

Answer 17:
The method of dividing or classifying people into different strata as superior and inferior and then assigning different roles an status in the society is called Social Stratification.

Answer 18:
Women Empowerment is a process that infuses women with the power to expand their individual capacity and the power of decision making.

Answer 19:
It is a method of farming in which a large amount of capital and labour are applied per unit of land throughout the year.

Answer 20:
Knowledge-based industry has become a powerful tool of socio-economic change. India has a potential to become a leading knowledge based industry with its young population and growing information technology.

Answer 21:
On 1st April 1935.

Answer 22:
At Geneva in Switzerland.

Answer 23:
The mountain and hilly areas are sparsely populated but the great plains of North India and the deltas support dense population.

Answer 24:
The number of people per square kilometre is called density of population whereas the total number of people living in a particular area is called population and its size varies from place to place.

Answer 25:
“Cause: Count de Lally of French attempted to besiege Wandiwash in 1760. Result: Sir Eyre Coote of the English defeated the French and imprisoned Bussi. Count de Lally escaped and hid in Pondicherry. Pondicherry was returned to them as per the Treaty of Paris. French lost their importance in India.”

Answer 26:

  1. Brahma Samaj opposed polygamy to assure equality to woman.
  2. It advocated for a share in property to honour dignity of life to widow.
  3. It opposed child marriage.
  4. Gave importance to English education and welcomed good thoughts even if they are from the West.

Answer 27:

  1. Due to the implementation of the Doctrine of Lapse, many Indian kings had to lose their kingdoms. Kingdoms like Satara, Jhansi, Jaipur, Udaipur and many other states became a part of the British Empire,
  2. Dalhousie abolished the kingships of Tanjavore and Carnatic Nawabs. The British dethroned Mughal kings and many other kings,
  3. As a result, many soldiers depended on these kings became unemployed.

Answer 28:
India faced many problems after independence. They are rehabilitation of refugees, communal violence, formation of government, integration of various provinces, production of food, development of agriculture, growth of industries, strengthening of military forces, gender and caste discrimination, etc. had to be dealt.

OR
The princely states that were forced to join the Indian Union were Junagadh, Jammu and Kashmir and Hyderabad.

Answer 29:
Due to the Cold war between the Capitalist Block led by the USA and the Communist Block led by the USSR, the competition to stockpile weapons grew. USA tried to enter into agreements to sell its weapons across the world. It formed more Military organisations to have a hold over as many countries as possible. In every state of the USA, huge arms manufacturing

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 30:
It is inevitable for India to have good relationship with other countries. A country can never progress without interacting with another country. In this globalised and modernized environment, it is a need for India to have cordial relationship and interdependence with other countries. In the fourth part of our Constitution under article 51, international peace and coexistence is explained.

Answer 31:
The word ‘Third World’ denotes poverty and non-development. The countries of the Third World are facing the problems of shortage of food, capital, health, education and many other issues.

Answer 32:
Protection of children from sexual offences act- 2012 was implemented to address the increasing sexual offences against the children in families and public spaces. According to this act – Any act of unsafe touch, exploitation, violence, harassment and assault on any children (boy or girl) under the age of 18 years, is considered as Sexual Offence.

Answer 33:
The Northern Great plain is very suitable for irrigation and agriculture as it has perennial rivers a vast fertile alluvial soil. It’s level land supports a network of roads, railways and means of communication. They are useful for industrialization, urbanization and trade. A number of pilgrim centers are located here.

Answer 34:
The Arabian Sea branch strikes the Western Ghats and causes heavy rainfall to western side of the Western Ghats. The rainfall decreases towards the eastern slopes of Western Ghats, as it lies in the ‘rain- shadow area’. J102: J121.

The Bay of Bengal branch causes heavy rainfall, when it strikes against the hills of Meghalaya and Assam. The heaviest rainfall occurs at ‘Mawsynram’ in Meghalaya. The rainfall decreases towards the northwest.

Answer 35:

  1. Forests provide a large variety of woods which are used as fuel, timber and industrial raw materials,
  2. They provide fodder for livestock and employment opportunities for the people,
  3. They preserve the physical features, check soil erosion, control floods and regulate the flow of rivers,
  4. They prevent desertification, help to improve soil fertility, make the climate equable and help to maintain ecological balance,
  5. They are the home of wild animals.

Answer 36:
Importance of irrigation in India:

  1. India is an agricultural country. Therefore it needs a regular and sufficient supply of water.
  2. Agriculture in India depends mainly on monsoon rainfall which is seasonal, uncertain and unevenly distributed.
  3. There are certain crops which require a larger and regular supply of water, such as rice, sugarcane, etc..
  4. Besides, to increase the yield and production of crops regular supply of water is required.
    This can be provided only through irrigation.

Answer 37:
India has a long coastline and some ports. India is located at the center of the eastern hemisphere. Nearly 85% of our foreign trade is seaborne.

Answer 38:
The discrimination has not come down even though Indian Constitution has assured equality of freedom, opportunities for both men and women. It is because women are not yet given equality in all spheres, making them secondary partners in economic growth. Gender discrimination is seen in various dimensions of Indian society, economy and polity. The preference for male child has brought down sex ratio, the literacy rate among women is lower as the education of a female child is neglected. The wages of women cure lower than men in working place and women are found mostly in unorganized sectors.

Answer 39:
The Consumer Protection Act extends tire rights to consumers through Consumer courts. The consumer has to file complain in the Consumer Court against the company who guaranteed his reimbursement. The complaint should include his name and the particulars of the goods by which the loss has incurred and the amount of loss should be specified clearly enclosing the receipt or bill.

Answer 40:
Many farmers rebelled against the British planters and Zamindars. The Indian National Congress tried to organize the farmers as a part of National Freedom Struggle.

  1. The farmers opposed the Indigo cropping in Champaranya district.
  2. They protested against land tax.
  3. Farmers of Tebhaga, Malabar and other places revolted against the British and Zamindars under the influence of the Congress.
  4. The issues the farmers found themselves intermingled with the problems focussed on in movements like Non-Cooperation movement, Tax refusal and Quit India Movement.
  5. Many of the protests were organised under the banner of Kisan Sabha which was influenced by leftist ideologies. These protests were seen in places like Telangana, Bengal and Maharashtra.

OR
The impact of British education system on the Indians:

  1. Indians could develop modernity, secularism, democratic attitudes and rationality along with nationalistic ideals.
  2. Impetus was received for the local literature and languages. This facilitated unity in thinking process among the educated class.
  3. Periodicals started emerging. These scrutinized the policies and working of the government which in turn enabled the Indians to have critical opinions on various issues.
  4. New social and religious reformation movements emerged.
  5. The thoughts of thinkers like J.S.Mill, Rousseau and Montesquieu brought fresh thinking in the mind of educated youth of India.
  6. Indians could understand and appreciate their rich tradition.

Answer 41:
The precautionary measures to check communalism are-

  1. uniform civil code.
  2. equality among all the citizens.
  3. supporting secular values in the society and transcending narrow thoughts in favour of national interests.
  4. attempts should be made to foster the faiths of all people and develop healthy national thoughts and
  5. The citizens should commit themselves for a secular society.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

OR
The aims of the UNO are-

  1. Safeguarding international peace and security.
  2. Fostering cooperation among nations.
  3. Improving the faith in human rights.
  4. Exploring solutions to various economic, sociological, cultural and other humanity based problems with international cooperation.
  5. Providing recognition to international agreements and conditions.
  6. Striving to build mutual trust and cooperation among the countries.

Answer 42:
the measures taken by our government to bring educational equality are-

  1. The social justice aspect of education can be seen in the Directive Policies and the Preamble of the Constitution of India,
  2. Under Article 39, it is said that providing social justice and people welfare is the duty of the state government,
  3. After the 86th Amendment to the Constitution, Article 21A states free and compulsory education to all children between 6 and 14 years is the fundamental right of the children,
  4. Article 45 says all children under 14 years should be provided with free and compulsory education.
  5. Article 46 clearly express that it is the duty of the government to support the education interest of Scheduled Caste and Tribes.
  6. The Supreme Court provided a new hope for the children by declaring school education as the basic right..

OR
With the emergence of stratified division of labour, inequality starts in the society. Hence, in the Indian context, labour has remained a mere economic activity. It has become a part of social structure with inequalities. The labour in India has been mixed with gender, caste, region and religion. This has resulted in various forms of inequalities. In Indian society, if a person moves upwards with his status and role, his power and income also rises. Though women and men engage in similar work, their compensations are not the same.

In India men are paid more than women. The inequality in pay is more visible in unorganized sector than the organized sector. In agricultural sector, unequal division of labour is based on sex, age and capacities. As a result, the question of the right compensation for women remains mute. Most of the societies do not consider the labour of women as important. There is a lot of discrimination between educated and uneducated labours. The safai Karmcharis who clean our roads and gutters receive lesser compensation than minimum compensation. The inequality in society is based on gender, class, income, region and religion.

Answer 43:
Cotton is the biggest and the most important branch of textile industry in India. Cotton cloth making was known to the Indians since long time as handloom industry. The first modern cotton textile industry was started in 1854 when a cotton mill was set up at Mumbai. After that the industry made rapid progress and more mills were established. Today Gujarat and Maharashtra are the leading manufacturers of cotton textiles. Mumbai is the most popular centre for cotton textile industry. It is known as ‘Cottonpolis of India’ and Manchester of India.

OR
The sliding of land mass along steep slopes of hills or mountains is called Landslides. It involves downward sliding of mass of soil, rock and debris or combination of these under the force of gravity. Both natural and human induced forces cause landslides. Human forces are more responsible for landslides. The activities of humans like deforestation, construction of roads and construction of railway lines across the hills, construction of dams and reservoirs, hydel power projects, mining activities, quarrying etc.

Answer 44:
The functions of RBI are-

  1. Monopoly of issuing currency notes,
  2. The RBI accepts the deposits of Central and State Governments,
  3. It is the Banker’s Bank-it also acts as the bank for all Banking institutions in the country,
  4. It is a National Clearing House for settlement of transactions across banks,
  5. It acts as a controller of credit,
  6. It is the custodian of Foreign Exchange Reserve,
  7. It acts as a promoter of Banking habits.

OR
The goals of public expenditure are

  1. promotes faster economic development.
  2. promote industry, trade and commerce.
  3. promote agricultural and rural development.
  4. promote balanced regional growth.
  5. build socio-economic overheads like roadways, railways, dams, power etc.
  6. promote full employment and,
  7. maximize social welfare.

Answer 45:
The Indian Postal Department is planning to start a bank to be tentatively called the ‘Postal Bank of India’ with a network of over 1.55 lakh post offices spread all over India. 90 perent of them are in and around semi-urban and rural areas. The department is already providing various financial services including a Post Office Saving Bank, issue of National Savings Certificate, Kissan Vikas Patra, Monthly Recurring deposits, Postal Life Insurance, Pension payment, Money transfer etc. It is promoting a capital investment of Rs. 1,000 crores for the bank transactions. It will be set up as a subsidiary with the Postal Department.

OR
The functions of Entrepreneur are-

  1. he starts business activity by preparing various plans relating to business.
  2. he organises factors of production.
  3. he takes decisions about product, technology, marketing, employment etc.
  4. he co-ordinates things effectively.
  5. he introduces new methods into practice.
  6. he handles budget of his concern.
  7. he bears risk and uncertainty.
  8. he gives directions to the business firm and ensures its effective operation.

Answer 46:
The Congress passed a resolution to hold Non-Cooperation movement on 4th September 1920. The major developments that took place during the Non-cooperation.Movement are-

  1. Many senior lawyers like Deshbandhu Chitranjandas, Motilal Nehru left their legal practice.
  2. Students boycotted schools and colleges.
  3. Congress boycotted the elections for regional bodies which were held under the 1919 Act by not naming any candidates for the elections.
  4. Many National institutions like Kashi Vidyapeetha, Gujarath Vidyapeetha, Bihar Vidyapeetha and Jamiya Miliya Islamia Rashtriya Vidyalaya were established.
  5. Rabindranath Tagore returned his ‘Knighthood’.
  6. Common people and women donated liberty to the Congress. Shops selling foreign goods were boycotted and foreign clothes were burnt.
  7. The visit of ‘Prince of Wales’ in 1921 was opposed.

Answer 47:
Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 1 Q47

  1. 82½° East Longitude
  2. Ennore
  3. Naharkatiy

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Karnataka State Syllabus SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 2 (Old Pattern)

I. Four alternatives are given for each of the following questions / incomplete statements. Only one of them is correct or most appropriate. Choose the correct alternative and write the complete answer along with its letter of the alphabet in your answer booklet. [10]

Question 1.
After the Battle of Buxar, Sha Aalam’s kingdom was under the care of the British. This happened as [1]
(A) The British had helped Sha Aalam during war
(B) Sha Aalam had signed Subsidiary Alliance
(C) Sha Aalam wanted to protect his kingdom from other kings
(D) Sha Aalam had defeated the British

Question 2.
The British imposed different land tax systems [1]
(A) to enhance the company’s income
(B) in order to expand the agriculture
(C) in order the help the farmers in their payments
(D) as per the fertility of the land

Question 3.
‘The Hindu Mela’, ‘All Indian Association’, The Indian Association’. All these are the names of [1]
(A) local political parties
(B) organizations of the freedom fighters
(C) processions
(D) newspapers

Question 4.
The main bone of contention between India and China, was the claim of China over [1]
(A) Arunachal Pradesh
(B) Shimla
(C) Siachin
(D) Leh

Question 5.
The event which is considered as a major event in the world history is [1]
(A) Universal Declaration of Human Rights
(B) The American War of Independence in 1776
(C) The French Revolution in 1789
(D) The Russian Revolution in 1917

Question 6.
‘I am an artist painting a picture for my own satisfaction’. This is an example of [1]
(A) paid work
(B) labour discrimination
(C) unorganized work
(D) unpaid work

Question 7.
I am the soil which is useful for the growth of plantation crops like tea, coffee and fruits and I am rich in humus. Where do you find me? [1]
(A) Chotanagpur and Meghlaya plateau
(B) Deccan basalt trap region
(C) spread extensively in Tamil Nadu
(D) on the slopes of mountains and hills covered by forest

Question 8.
Mineral resources and development of metallurgical industries are the main reasons for population density in states like [1]
(A) Jharkhand, Assam, Odisha, Goa
(B) Sikkim, Rajasthan, Arunachal Pradesh
(C) West Bengal, Kerala, Chandigarh
(D) Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana

Question 9.
The government generates the capital revenue mainly through [1]
(A) loans from internal and external sources
(B) foreigrf financial institutions
(C) disinvestments
(D) loans obtained from citizens of the country

Question 10.
The negative impact of globalization is [1]
(A) it creates international cultural exchange
(B) it promotes greater immigration
(C) it is spreading fast foods like Me. Donald and KFC
(D) it creates competition for local firms and thus keeps the costs down

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

II. Answer the following questions in a sentence each. [14]

Question 11.
Why did Peshwa Balaji Rao sign the Subsidiary Alliance? [1]

Question 12.
Which act established the Supreme Court? [1]

Question 13.
Who implemented Ryotwari System in Mysore? When? [1]

Question 14.
Why did Lord Litton introduce the Vernacular Press Act? [1]

Question 15.
What was the immediate cause of the First World War? [1]

Question 16.
What is disarmament? [1]

Question 17.
Give any two examples of mob behaviour [1]

Question 18.
Who started self important movement? Where did he start it? [1]

Question 19.
Which is the southernmost point of India? Where is it located? [1]

Question 20.
How were the Northern Great Plains formed? [1]

Question 21.
Name the largest river of India. Where does it rise? [1]

Question 22.
Some regions have high density of population. Why? [1]

Question 23.
What is meant by decentralization? [1]

Question 24.
Which is the global international organization that deals with rules of trade? [1]

III. Answer the following questions in two or three sentences each [30]

Question 25.
The dastaks used by the East India Company brought a huge loss to the Bengal Government. Substantiate.[2]

Question 26.
The Indian Government Act of 1935 became the base of Indian Constitution. Justify. [2]

Question 27.
Swami Vivekananda was a source of inspiration for youngster. How? [2]

Question 28.
How was Junaghadh merged with Indian Union? [2]
OR
How did the nation face refugee problem?

Question 29.
Tsarism was being called ‘a Nationalistic Jail’. Why? [2]

Question 30.
How can corruption be rooted out? [2]

Question 31.
World Health Organization has played a significant role in improving the health of the world. Discuss. [2]

Question 32.
What are the causes for the female feticide and female infanticide? [2]

Question 33.
The eastern regions of Western Ghats receive less rainfall and are called rain shadow region. Why? [2]

Question 34.
What are the causes for the decline in the forests in India? [2]

Question 35.
Distinguish between the Kharif and Rabi crop season. [2]

Question 36.
Iron and Steel Industry is the basis of all other industries. Justify. [2]

Question 37.
List the preventive measures for coastal erosion. [2]

Question 38.
How is the educational achievement of a country measured? [2]

Question 39.
What is the main aim of Consumer Movement? [2]

IV. Answer the following questions in six or eight sentences each. [18]

Question 40.
The economic policies of the British made Indians revolt against them. Elaborate the statement. [3]
OR
Discuss the role of Balgangadhar Tilak in the Indian Independence Movement.

Question 41.
List the aims of India’s foreign policy. [3]
OR
India and USA are two democratic countries. Explain the mutual cooperation that exists between both the countries.

Question 42.
Give an account of the measures taken by our Constitution to eradicate untouchability. [3]
OR
Explain the challenges faced on Social Security issue by the unorganized sectors.

Question 43.
Transport plays a very important role in the development of all factors of human activities. Justify. [3]
OR
Irrigation plays a significant role in an agricultural country like India. Explain.

Question 44.
Explain the functions of Reserve Bank of India. [3]
OR
Explain the role of public revenue.

Question 45.
What are the services offered by a bank? [3]
OR
What are the characteristics of entrepreneurship?

V. Answer the following question in about 8 to 10 points [8]

Question 46.
Explain the various tribal revolts in the history of Independence struggle. [4]

Question 47.
Draw an outline map of India and mark these [4]
(A) Aravali Range
(B) Rihand valley project
(C) Nellore

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answers

Answer 1:
(B) Sha Aalam had signed Subsidiary Alliance

Answer 2:
(A) to enhance the company’s income

Answer 3:
(B) organizations of the freedom fighters

Answer 4:
(A) Arunachal Pradesh

Answer 5:
(A) Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Answer 6:
(D) unpaid work

Answer 7:
(D) on the slopes of mountains and hills covered by forest

Answer 8:
(A) Jharkhand, Assam, Odisha, Goa

Answer 9:
(A) loans from internal and external sources

Answer 10:
(C) it is spreading fast foods like Me. Donald and RFC

Answer 11:
Peshwa Balaji Rao sought the help of the British when the army of Holkar defeated the army of Scindhia and the Peshwa Balaji Rao.

Answer 12:
Regulating Act of 1773.

Answer 13:
Thomas Monroe in 1801.

Answer 14:
to curb the freedom of press.

Answer 15:
The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand

Answer 16:
Reduction or elimination of certain or all armaments so as to end armament race.

Answer 17:
A group of people assembled near a theatre, people gathered in an accident spot and rioters.

Answer 18:
Periyar Ramaswamy in Tamil Nadu.

Answer 19:
The Indira Point located in Nicobar Island.

Answer 20:
The Northern Great Plains were formed by the depositional work of the three river system namely the Sutlej, the Ganga, and the Brahmaputra.

Answer 21:
The Ganga, it rises in the Gangotri glacier.

Answer 22:
Due to fertile soil, good transport and communication facilities.

Answer 23:
Providing the administrative power and the responsibilities of developing the villages to its own people.

Answer 24:
World Trade Organization.

Answer 25:
The Datstaks were limited to the Company transactions but were misused by the individual officers of the company. Hence all Nawabs of different regions of Bengal opposed the misuse and this led confrontation between the Nawabs and the company.

Answer 26:
Most of the provisions in the Indian Constitution are based on this act.

  1. This act allowed the formation of fully responsible government by Indians.
  2. A federal system Indian Principalities, British governed regions and dominion states was formed.
  3. The Federal Court was established.
  4. Diarchy was established at the centre.
  5. Diarchy was cancelled at the regional level and autonomy was granted.

Answer 27:
He was a revolutionary monk who opened the eyes of Indians to the importance of loving life.

  1. He stressed the significance of the individual, his presence and ability.
  2. He worked to establish a casteless society and wipe out caste based discrimination.
  3. He believed that people should be educated first, and then they themselves seek reformation.
  4. He wanted people to stop following the western ideals blindly.

Answer 28:
The Nawab of Junagadh state had signed the agreement to join the state with Pakistan. His citizens revolted against him and flooded the streets. The king fled from the kingdom. Based on the request made by the Diwan of the province to the Indian government, the army was sent to maintain law and order and Junagadh was merged with India in 1949.

OR
The war resulted in arrival of 10 lakh refugees to India.

  1. The government of India, Tripura, Meghalaya and Assam helped them to settle in India.
  2. Most of them tried settling Bengal which created lot of stress on the state.
  3. There was economic crisis during 1960’s and 1970’s, major famines destroyed our financial security. Still, India showed humanitarian concern and tried to provide better refugee facilities for them.
  4. In 1960, Government of Karnataka sanctioned 3000 acres of land to Tibetan refugees at
    Bylukuppe and now it has grown as a major settlement in India.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 29:
Russia was ruled by the Tsars in the 19th century. They were exploiting the landlords. The landlords in turn were exploiting laborers and small farmers. The people were fed up with the administration of Tsars.

Answer 30:
Corruption can be rooted out through strong public ethics and morality and personal commitment. Political will and public support is inevitable for tackling corruption.

Answer 31:
It has strived to eradicate diseases like plague, cholera, Malaria and smallpox. It is also working towards freeing the world from AIDS, Cancer and other major diseases. It is addressing issues like population growth, hunger, malnutrition and other challenges in the coming days also.

Answer 32:
The desire for a male child is leading to misuse of modern technology. Cases of female feticide are rising in number due to reasons like poverty, burden of dowry, illiteracy, ignorance, anti-women ideas, desire for male progeny, etc.

Answer 33:
Monsoon winds are obstructed by the Western Ghats and as such the western part of the western Ghats receive maximum rainfall. As the winds proceed to the east, they get depleted of rain and so the eastern regions of Western Ghats receive less rainfall and are called rain shadow region.

Answer 34:
The causes for the decline in forests in India are – the expansion of agricultural land, construction of roads and railway, irrigation projects, industrialization, urbanization, over grazing, forest fires, etc.

Answer 35:
Kharif Crop Season:

  1. crops are grown during the rainy season,
  2. sowing takes place in June- July when the South-West Monsoon starts and crops are harvested in September-October.
  3. Rice, jowar, ragi, cotton, groundnuts, tobacco etc. are main crops.

Rabi Crop Season:

  1. sowing takes place in Odober-November when the North-East Monsoon begins and are harvested in February-March.
  2. wheat, barley, gram, linseed etc.

Answer 36:
Iron and Steel Industry is the basis of all other industries.

  1. Many industries like engineering, locomotives, machine tools, automobiles, agricultural equipments etc., depend on iron and steel industry.
  2. It is the most important metal based industry in India. Ancient India knew the art of smelting iron ore.

Answer 37:
The preventive measures for Coastal Erosion are

  1. Constructing Sea walls, groins and Break water to protect the coastal areas from wave erosion.
  2. Restrict sand mining in coastal areas.
  3. Planting of trees to stabilize the beaches and coastal dunes.

Answer 38:
The educational achievement of a country measured on the basis of two factors: the average period of schooling completed by individuals above 25 years, and the expected period of school education children of five years might receive in their lifetime.

Answer 39:
The main aim of Consumer Movement is to stop the exploitation of consumers by the traders and to ensure quality goods and services at reasonable prices through healthy competition.

Answer 40:
Due to the development of industrialization in England, Indian handicrafts and cottage industries suffered heavily.

  1. England, apart from being an industrialized country became a workshop of industries.
  2. Instead of being a trading country, became a workshop of industries.
  3. The Indian craftsmen became unemployed.
  4. The weavers became the first victims as wool and cloth making industries suffered a lot.
  5. The Indian handicrafts became financially pathetic.
  6. The British levied a heavy customs on sale of Indian goods in England.
  7. Due to Zamindari system, the farmers were exploited.
  8. The right given to the Talukdars to collect tax was withdrawn.
  9. By forming the Inam Commission, Inam lands were also withdrawn. Due to this, the farmers had to undergo lot of economic hardships and felt insulted. All the above situations made the people to revolt against the British.

OR
Balagangadhar Tilak was one of the prominent radicals.

  1. Along with other radicals, he opposed the partition of Bengal highlighting it as an example of ‘Divide and Rule’ policy.
  2. He declared,’ Swaraj is my birth right and I would definitely get it back’.
  3. They started preparing the common people for freedom struggle.
  4. Through religious functions they started organizing people for a freedom movement.
  5. They used Ganesha, Shivaji and Durga celebrations to organize people against the British.
  6. Tilak utilized his newspapers ‘Kesari’ in Marathi and Maratha in English for freedom struggle.
  7. Through these papers he called for the active participation in the fight for freedom.
  8. He was imprisoned for his revolutionary articles and enquiries were instituted against him.

Answer 41:
The objectives of India’s foreign policy are as follows –

  1. National security.
  2. Enriching national economy.
  3. Spreading the cultural richness of our country in other countries.
  4. By increasing the number of friendly countries and check the power of enemy countries and,
  5. Achieving world peace and coexist.

OR
The mutual cooperation that exists between India and the USA are –

  1. Both the nations have shared interest in controlling terrorism.
  2. India maintains good relationship in the fields of foreign trade, science and technology, space and education and other mutual interests.
  3. Both share mutual responsibility of strengthening UNO and maintenance of global peace.
  4. India keeps observing the policy shift in the two parties of USA; Democratic and Republican parties, and adjust its policies in accordance to it.

Answer 42:
Many legal measures have been implemented to eradicate the practice of Untouchability.

  1. Article 17, prohibits Untouchability.
  2. The government of India has implemented ‘Untouchability Crime Act’ in 1955.
  3. ‘Civil Rights Protection Act’ was implemented in 1976 with necessary changes to the Act of 1955.,
  4. According to this act, practicing untouchability is a crime. Universal right to vote and participation in election has been provided.
  5. Reservation is given in the field of education and employment for Scheduled castes and Tribes along with backward classes.
  6. The Act of 1989 has given some specific responsibilities for the governments in the eradication of Untouchability.

OR
The challenges faced on Social Security issue by the unorganized sectors are-

  1. Migration: Labourers of migrate from one place to another place in search of work and have no social security.
  2. Social Security: the minimum needs like health, water, food, drinking water, equal opportunity to work, etc is not available for labourers.
  3. Legal Framework: many legal provisions like receiving wages as per their work duration, provident fund, etc. are not given.
  4. Child Labour: Children work in unhealthy and dangerous environment on many semi skilled or unskilled works. There sectors foster child labour.
  5. Physical and Mental Exploitation: As per the statistics of 2014-15, more than 70% of the women work in unorganized sectors. Women are exploited sexually. Such incidents are being reported on regular basis.

Answer 43:
Transport plays a very important role in the development of all factors of human activities namely primary sector, the secondary sector and the tertiary sector. It is said that ‘If agriculture and industries are the body and bones of a national organism, transport and communications are the nerves’. Efficient and cheap means of transport helps to develop resources, agriculture, promotes industrial progress, widen the market, increases internal and external trade, provides employment, raises the income and standard of living of the people, encourages tourism and helps defence.

OR
Importance of irrigation in India:

  1. India is an agricultural country. Therefore it needs a regular and sufficient supply of water.
  2. Agriculture in India depends mainly on monsoon rainfall which is seasonal, uncertain and unevenly distributed.
  3. There are certain crops which require a larger and regular supply of water, such as rice, sugarcane, etc.
  4. Besides, to increase the yield and production of crops regular supply of water is required.
  5. This can be provided only through irrigation.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 44:
The Functions of Reserve bank of India are-

  1. Monopoly of Note issue- RBI issues the notes of Rs 2 and above.
  2. Banker to Government- The RBI accepts the deposits of Central and State Governments, collects money and also make payments.
  3. Banker’s Bank- It acts as the bank for all banking institutions in the country.
  4. National Clearing House- It acts as the clearing house for settlements of transactions across banks.
  5. Controller of credit- It regulates the amount of credit issued by the banks.
  6. Custodian of Foreign Exchange Reserve- The RBI is also the custodian of foreign exchange reserve of the country.
  7. Promotion of banking habits- It promotes saving through branch expansion of the banking system.

OR
The government collects income from varied sources for its expenditure. This is called public revenue. Governments are ever ready to create facilities for the welfare of people and speedy economic progress. Due to this, the role of governments has expanded. As a result of this, public expenditure is ever increasing and necessary revenue sources have to be identified and added. In India, central and State governments have their own sources of revenue.

Answer 45:
The services offered by banks are-

  1. Credit cards,
  2. Personal Loans,
  3. Home and Vehicle Loans,
  4. Mutual Funds,
  5. Business Loans,
  6. safe Deposit Lockers,
  7. debit ‘services,
  8. Trust services,
  9. Signature Guarantee.

OR
The Characteristics of entrepreneurship are as follows-

  1. creativity,
  2. innovation,
  3. dynamism,
  4. leadership,
  5. team building,
  6. problem solving,
  7. goal orientation,
  8. risk taking,
  9. decision making,
  10. commitment.

Answer 46:
The Tax and Forest Act implemented by the British East Indian Company provoked the tribal revolt. The Santala tribal revolt is termed as India’s first movement. These tribals lived in Bengal and Orissa hillocks. The permanent Zamindari system made this community destitute. Their lands went to the landlords. The landlords, money-lenders and the British government behaved in a way that triggered intolerance in the Santalas.

The Company exploited the decency and peace-loving attitude of the Santalas. Enraged by this, the Santalas held secret meetings and decided to loot the Zamindars and prominent citizens. The agitation became intense in Barahat area and also in Bhagalpur and Rajmahal. The rioters killed their enemies. As a result, the landlords and money-lenders ran away. The government arrested many rioters. Although the revolt by the Santalas ended, it lent its voice to many similar protests later.

Answer 47:
Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 2 Q47

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Karnataka State Syllabus SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 3 (Old Pattern)

I. Four alternatives are given for each of the following questions / incomplete statements. Only one of them is correct or most appropriate. Choose the correct alternative and write the complete answer along with its letter of alphabet in your answer booklet. [10]

Question 1.
The immediate cause for the Second Anglo Mysore war was [1]
(a) Hyder Ali organized lightening attack on Thiruchanapalli and Ambur
(b) the British attacked Mahe and captured it
(c) the British captured Karwar, Coimbatore and Dindigal
(d) Hyder Ali attacked Hyderabad.

Question 2.
The first state formed on the basis of language was [1]
(a) Mysore state
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Junagadh
(d) Hyderabad

Question 3.
Russia withdrew from the First World War in 1917 [1]
(a) because of the Socialist revolution in the country
(b) as it got defeated by Germany
(c) because America forced it do so
(d) because Germany announced a ceasefire against Russia

Question 4.
‘No corner of the world shall have imperialism’. This was declared in the Conference of Asian Countries by [1]
(a) Russia
(b) the USA
(c) India
(d) the UNO

Question 5.
‘slave trade, human trafficking, child labour, exploitation of women’ are considered as [1]
(a) social evils
(b) social problems
(c) hindrances to economic development
(d) denial of human rights

Question 6.
3. The Kaiga agitation was [1]
(a) to stop cutting of trees in the Western Ghats
(b) against the set up of Nuclear Power Generation Center
(c) against the Mangalore Refineries and Petrochemical Limited
(d) to stop the construction of a dam across the Narmada river

Question 7.
The convectional rain in West Bengal during summer is called [1]
(a) Mango shower
(b) Kalabaisakhi
(c) Andhis
(d) coffee blossom

Question 8.
I am a soil which is more sandy and less clayey. I am formed from weathering of granite and gneiss. I am [1]
(a) Desert soil
(b) Red soil
(c) Laterite soil
(d) Mountainous soil

Question 9.
‘Indira Awas Yojana. This programme refers to [1]
(a) rural development
(b) Housing
(c) employment
(d) basic facilities

Question 10.
I am Suresh. I want to deposit some money monthly for a fixed period of ten years for my child ’s higher education. Which account should I open? [1]
(a) current account
(b) savings account
(c) fixed account
(d) recurring deposit

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

II Answer the following questions in a sentence each. [14]

Question 11.
Why was the ‘Board of Controllers’ established during the Pitt’s India Act? [1]

Question 12.
Who was Dandiya Wagh? [1]

Question 13.
When was the Indian National Congress founded and by whom? [1]

Question 14.
Explain the Drain theory. [1]

Question 15.
Why was the Fazal Ali Commission formed? [1]

Question 16.
Nations need disarmament. Why? [1]

Question 17.
What do you mean by gender discrimination? [1]

Question 18.
Why is the Immoral Human Trafficking Prevention Act of 1956 amended? [1]

Question 19.
Which factors influence the climate of India? [1]

Question 20.
Name the atomic minerals required for the generation of nuclear energy. [1]

Question 21.
Define the term, ‘density of population’. [1]

Question 22.
Why do some areas have low density of population in India? [1]

Question 23.
How does the Reserve Bank of India persuade the commercial banks to advance the credit or reduce the credit to certain activities? [1]

Question 24.
Who is the founder of Apollo group of Hospitals? [1]

III. Answer the following questions in two or three sentences each [30]

Question 25.
Alfonso de Albuquerque is considered as the real founder of Portuguese Empire in India. Justify. [2]

Question 26.
How did the Doctrine of Lapse support the expansion of British Empire in India? [2]

Question 27.
The expansion of the British Education in India received special support in William Benedict’s regime. Discuss. [2]

Question 28.
Enumerate the aims and objectives of the Theosophical Society. [2]

Question 29.
What are the main features of Mussolini’s Fascism? [2]
OR
What were the effects of the Chinese Revolution? [2]

Question 30.
Why do countries need to have good relationship with other countries? [2]

Question 31.
List the aims of the Common Wealth nations. [2]

Question 32.
Social Stratification is social in nature. How? [2]

Question 33.
Distinguish between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats. [2]

Question 34.
Explain the features of deciduous forest. [2]

Question 35.
What are the factors that influence land utilization? [2]

Question 36.
The development of knowledge based industry is a powerful tool of economic change. How? [2]

Question 37.
List the preventive measures for Coastal Erosion. [2]

Question 38.
What do you mean by under development? What are its causes? [2]

Question 39.
How does a District forum function? [2]

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

IV Answer the following questions in six or eight sentences each. [18]

Question 40.
List the reasons that led to the failure of the mutiny of 1857 / First War of Indian Independance. [3]
OR
How was Goa liberated from Portuguese?

Question 41.
Discuss the measures taken to improve the status of women by the government of India. [3]
OR
Explain briefly the fundamental principles of our foreign policy.

Question 42.
Discuss the differences between organized and unorganized workers. [3]
OR
What are the models of Mob behaviour? Explain the nature of mob.

Question 43.
Roads are essential for the development of agriculture and village industries. Justify. [3]
OR
Well irrigation is very important in India. Discuss.

Question 44.
Explain the aspects of non-tax revenue of the Central government. [3]
OR
Explain briefly the significance of rural development.

Question 45.
Make a list of the characteristics of Globalization. [3]
OR
List the characteristics relating to bank transactions.

V Answer the following question in about 8 to 10 points [8]

Question 46.
List the major developments that took place during Non-Cooperation Movement. [4]

Question 47.
Draw an outline map of India and mark these [4]
(A) Lakshadweep Islands
(B) River Mahanadi
(C) Tropic of cancer

Answers

Answer 1:
(b) the British attacked Mahe and captured it

Answer 2:
(d) Hyderabad

Answer 3:
(a) because of the Socialist revolution in the country

Answer 4:
(c) India

Answer 5:
(d) denial of human rights

Answer 6:
(b) against the set up of Nuclear Power Generation Center
.
Answer 7:
(b) Kalabaisakhi

Answer 8:
(b) Red soil

Answer 9:
(b) Housing

Answer 10:
(d) recurring deposit

Answer 11:
To direct and control the issues related to Land taxes, Military and Civil areas.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 12:
Dondiya Wagh was a cavalry soldier in Hyder Ali’s army who later built his own army and became a rebellion against the British rule.

Answer 13:
In the year 1885 by A.O. Hume.

Answer 14:
Dadabhai Naoroji explained that the transfer of Indian wealth to England in the form Indian resources, increase in exports from India to England etc. as Drain Theory.

Answer 15:
for the linguistic formation of states.

Answer 16:
Armament s leads to evils like global level fear, insecurity, tension and even to war.

Answer 17:
Inequalities practised between males and females in the society.

Answer 18:
To make the act more strict by prohibiting any trafficking of children and women totally.

Answer 19:
Location, water bodies, relief features and monsoon winds.

Answer 20:
Uranium and thorium.

Answer 21:
The number of people living per square kilometre.

Answer 22:
The mountain and hilly terrains, low temperature or semi arid climate.

Answer 23:
The RBI does this through periodical letters and circulars to the banks.

Answer 24:
Dr. Pratap Reddy.

Answer 25:
3) Alfonso de Albuquerque waged a war against the Sultan of Bijapur in 1510 and won Goa and made it the administrative centre of Portuguese. The Portuguese had absolute monopoly over frade with India for almost a century.

Answer 26:
Lord Dalhousie, the Governor General introduced Doctrine of Lapse.

  1. According to this policy, if any Indian ruler dies without children, their adopted children had no legal right over the throne.
  2. As such the state gets merged with the British Empire.
  3. Princely States like Satara, Nagpur, Sambalpur, Udaipur, Jhansi, Jaipur came under this policy.

Answer 27:
Benedict appointed Macaulay as the member of Governor General’s Executive Committee.

  1. Macaulay was also appointed as the Chairperson of the Committee of Education.
  2. The report on education submitted by him in 1835 became the base of the Modern Education in India.
  3. The use of English Medium in Indian learning system started after 1830’s.

Answer 28:
The aims and objectives of the Theosophical Society are-

  1. To do comparative study of various religions, philosophies, and science.
  2. To discover the indomitable spirit hidden in human beings.
  3. It declared that Universal Brotherhood is important.

Answer 29:
Mussolini advocated his philosophy called Fascism. Intense nationalistic attitude, racial supremacy, imperialist expansion, support to massacres were the main features of Fascism.

OR
After the Chinese Revolution, community farming was adopted under the leadership of Mao-Tse-Tung as the President of China. Everyone enjoyed free education, health and sports facilities. A lot of importance was given to science and technology in order to achieve industrial development. The ‘Leap Forward’ programme was adopted. Private property was converted into public property.

Answer 30:
Countries need to have good relationship with other countries.

  1. A country can never progress without interacting with another country.
  2. In this globalised and modernized environment, it is inevitable for a country to have a relationship with another country.
  3. It is a need to have international peace and coexistence.

Answer 31:
The main objectives of the Common Wealth of Nations are upholding of democracy, liberties, assisting to eradicate poverty, promotion of world peace, sports, science and cultural ties.

Answer 32:
The Stratification is based on the social recognition and importance but not on any physical traits. For example, a person’s status is not fixed on the physical traits like height, beauty an strength, but it is based on his education, income, profession, skill and other social traits.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 33:
Western Ghats

  1. they are continuous range running parallel to the west coast.
  2. They are very steep on the western side and gentle on the eastern side.

Eastern Ghats

  1. They run almost parallel to the east coast.
  2. They are lower than the Western Ghats and are not continuous.

Answer 34:
“Deciduous forests are also called Monsoon Forest.

  1. They are found in areas with an annual rainfall of 100-200 cm.
  2. The trees shed their leaves during spring and early summer. Hence they called Monsoon forests.
  3. The important trees are teak, sal, sandalwood, kusum, kanju, myrobalan, siris, mango, neem, tamarind, etc.

Answer 35:
Land utilization is determined by various factors such as relief features, climate, soil, population density, socio-economic and technical factors.

Answer 36:
The development of knowledge based industry has become a powerful tool of socio-economic change.

  1. India has the potential to become a leading knowledge based industry with its young population and growing information technology.
  2. Information Technology is a key knowledge based industry whose components are software and hardware.
  3. The software is supported by both state and central Government of India.
  4. Many software technology parks were established in different parts of the country. But mainly in southern states like Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
  5. Bengaluru is the most important centre for Indian software industry and it is called ‘Silicon valley of India’.
  6. Software has become an important item of export in India and earns a large amount of foreign exchange for the country.

Answer 37:
Constructing Sea walls, groins and Breakwater to protect the coastal areas from wave erosion.

  1. Restrict sand mining in coastal areas.
  2. Planting of trees to stabilize the beaches and coastal dunes,

Answer 38:
The word ‘underdevelopment’ denotes a backward and stagnant situation where levels of living of people are low due to lower level of per capita income and lower productivity levels, apart from high population growth.

Answer 39:
District Forum: There shall be a forum at each district.

  1. A qualified district judge is nominated by the state government as president over the deliberations.
  2. It entertains the complaints where the value of goods and services is less than Rs. 20 lakhs.
  3. There shall be two members of whom one shall be a woman.

Answer 40:
The First War of Independence failed due to various reasons.

  1. The movement did not spread to the whole country.
  2. This struggle was intended to protect the interests of the kings and queens rather than getting freedom for the country.
  3. The unity among the British and the disunity among the Indian soldiers also led to the failure.
  4. There was no proper direction or proper leadership, discipline and direction.
  5. Many provincial kings, on account of their loyalty to the British, did not support the struggle.
  6. The freedom fighters lacked a definite aim.
  7. The plundering and other crimes committed by the sepoys made them to lose the faith of common people.

OR
An endless struggle took place demanding the inclusion of Goa which was under the imperialist rule of Portugal, with India.

  1. The Portuguese brought in additional troops from Africa and Eyrope, and tried to strengthen their hold by suppressing the movement.
  2. In 1955, satyagrahis from different parts of India gathered at Goa and began a liberation movement demanding that the imperialists quit Goa.
  3. In 1961, the Indian army intervened and took Goa under its control. Goa which remained a Union Territory till 1987, became a state later on.

Answer 41:
Some of the measures taken to improve the status of women are as follows-

  1. Women education, Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, Dowry Prohibition Act, etc are there for the empowerment of women.
  2. Government of Karnataka has implemented ‘Stree Shakti programme’ for the development of rural women.
  3. Various cooperative formations like Stree Shakti and self help groups, association of self help groups have been formed.
  4. Women’s Commissions have been established at national and state level to address the various issues of women.
  5. Attempts are made to provide reservations at state and national legislature bodies, and in
    government recruitments.

OR
There are about four fundamental principles of our foreign policy. They are-

Non Alignment: India did not join any of the two power blocks during cold war and adopted its foreign policy of remaining independent. This is called Non-Alignment policy. During tis Cold War time India got financial assistance from the USA and defense assistance from the USSR enjoying the confidence of both.

Anti Imperialism: India advocates a foreign policy which is against imperialism and believes in a sovereign power.

Anti Apartheid policy: Apartheid is an attempt by a race or people of a particular skin colour to subjugate another race of people of different skin colour in the name of supremacy. India champions the cause that such racial discrimination should not exist anywhere in the world.

Disarmament: As a peace loving nation India champions the cause of qualitative and Quantitative disarmament. Right from the time of Prime Minister Nehru, India argued for disarmament to maintain peaceful co-operation. At the same time, it also agrees that total disarmament cannot be achieved because every nation requires her own defense forces.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 42:
The difference between organized and unorganized workers is as follows:
Organized workers:

  1. The sector is enrolled as per the law of the government.
  2. Labourers are paid fixed wages and the facilities are given within the framework of law.
  3. The sector is guided by minimum wages act, factory act, special allowances act, provident fund act and may other acts in support of labourers.
  4. The labourers are provided employment security, they are paid on specified dates along with overtime pay whenever the workers have worked more.
  5. The relationship between employee and employer is guided by legal provisions.
  6. The workers work in institutions like school, hospital, industries, etc.

Unorganized workers:

  1. In this sector, the legal provisions do not completely governed.
  2. There is no fixed wage. The labourers work for wages.
  3. The minimum wages in this sector usually stays below the mandatory pay fixed by the governments.
  4. The workers do not receive any medical benefit or overtime benefit, they do not get any paid leaves.
  5. The relationship between the employer and the employee is not guided by any legal provisions.
  6. Labourers work in construction sites, loading and unloading, etc.

OR
A group of people who have gathered in front of a theatre to watch or a group of people who have gathered around to know more about an accident. The unrestricted behaviour of people gathered in a mob reflects social shortcomings of that particular society. Often people express their dissatisfaction with many social institutions. People also express their dissatisfaction with many government policies, attitudes and decisions.on specific programmes.

Answer 43:
Roads play a vital role in the economic growth of a nation.

  1. India is a land of villages and mainly an agricultural nation, roads are essential for their development.
  2. They conveniently connect the isolated villages.
  3. Roads can be constructed in forests and hilly regions.
  4. They connect remote places with towns and cities, provide door to door services.
  5. They are the feeders to railways, sea ports and airports.
  6. They play a very important role in tourism, trade and commerce and industries. They create employment opportunities and are most useful for defence, especially in border areas.

OR
Well Irrigation is the most important type of irrigation in India.

  1. Nearly 60.7% of the total irrigated area is from well irrigation.
  2. Well irrigation is possible even in areas of low rainfall; it is cheap and easy to dig wells. They do not require superior technology.
  3. It is easy even for small farmers to dig wells.
  4. They are of two types, namely open wells and tube wells.

Answer 44:
The main aspects or types of non-tax revenue are as follows:

  1. the net profit earned by the Reserve Bank of India.
  2. the net profit generated by the Indian Railways.
  3. the revenue generated by the Department of Post and telecommunications.
  4. the revenue generated by the Public Sector industries.
  5. the revenue generated by the coins and Mints.
  6. Various types of fees and penalties etc.

OR
Rural development occupies a very important place in the development of the Indian economy.

  1. Since rural development includes agricultural and non-agricultural development it contributes not only to rural but also to the overall development of the country.
  2. Increased farm income will create greater demand for industrial products and services.
  3. This generates additional employment and leading to an expansion of those sectors too.
  4. With increased literacy and skill levels higher productivity could be achieved.
  5. Better health also results in higher work participation by the people and increased output.
  6. Agro-processing, small scale and cottage industries will develop leading to gradual transformation of the villages.
  7. With this, migration to cities will be reduced.

Answer 45:
The characteristics of Globalization are as follows

  1. It insures international trade at a faster pace,
  2. it increases the international flow of capital including foreign investment,
  3. it creates international agreements leading to organizations like WTO and OPEC,
  4. it develops global financial system,
  5. it increases the role of international organizations such as WTO, WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization), IMF; etc. that deal with international transactions,
  6. it increases economic practices like outsourcing by multinational corporations,
  7. it creates cultural exchange,
  8. it creates international travel and tourism,
  9. it spreads local foods such as Pizza and Indian food to other countries,
  10. it helps the development of global telecommunicational infrastructure and greater trans-border data flow etc.

OR
Characteristics of Banks are as follows:

  1. Banks deal with money of the public.
  2. Bank may be a person, firm, or a company that deals with money.
  3. Banks accept deposits from public. These deposits are returned when-ever the customers demand it.
  4. Banks advance loans to industrial sector, agricultural sector, education, house construction and for other purposes.
  5. Banks facilitate customers to withdraw their deposits through cheques, drafts, etc.
  6. Banks provide various banking facilities to its customers. ‘
  7. Bank is a profit seeking institution having service oriented approach.
  8. Banks continuously expand and diversify their functions, services and activities.
  9. Banks act as connecting link between the depositors and borrowers. .
  10. The main activity of the bank is banking business that is accepting deposits from the customers and lend the same to those who need money.
  11. Banks always identity itself with the Word ‘bank’.

Answer 46:
The major developments that took place during Non-Cooperation Movement are-

  1. Many senior lawyers like Deshabandhu Chitranjanda, Motilal Nehru, Rajendraprasad left their legal Practice.
  2. Students boycotted school and colleges.
  3. Congress boycotted the elections for regional bodies which were held under the 1919 Act by not naming any candidates for the elections.
  4. Many National institutions like Kashi Vidyapeetha, Gujarath Vidyapeetha, Bihar Vidyapeetha and Jamiya Miliya Islamia Rashtriya Vidyalaya were established.
  5. Rabindranath Tagore returned his ‘Knighthood’.
  6. Common people and women donated liberally to the Congress. Shops selling foreign goods were boycotted and foreign clothes were burnt.
  7. The visit of ‘Prince of Wales’ in 1921 was opposed..

Answer 47:
Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 3 Q47

Karnataka State Syllabus SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 4 (Old Pattern)

I. Four alternatives are given for each of the following questions / incomplete statements. Only one of them is correct or most appropriate. Choose the correct alternative and write the complete answer along with its letter of alphabet in your answer booklet. [10]

Question 1.
The ruler who kept the British at bay without any confrontation with was [1]
(a) Baji Rao II
(b) Ranjith Singh
(c) Raghoba
(d) Mulraj

Question 2.
I am a land revenue system in which farmers acquired rights to ownership of the land and paid fifty percent of produce al land tax. I am [1]
(a) Zamindari system
(b) Mahalwari system
(c) Ryotwari system
(d) Diwani system

Question 3.
‘Swarajya is my birth right’. It was declared by  [1]
(a) Balagangadhar Tilak
(b) Mahatma Gandhiji
(c) Bhagat Singh
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

Question 4.
Tashkent Agreement and Shimla Agreement are signed between India and [1]
(a) China
(b) Russia
(c) USA
(d) Pakistan

Question 5.
The UNO declared the Human Rights on [1]
(a) December 30th, 1947
(b) December 10th, 1946
(c) December, 10th 1948
(d) August 10th, 1948

Question 6.
The option which is not a feature of organised sector is [1]
(a) it pays taxes to the government
(b) it provides fixed wages
(c) there is no need for its registration
(d) it provides employment security

Question 7.
Black soil is [1]
(a) formed from the disintegration of basalt rock
(b) carried down by the rivers frpm the mountains
(c) well distributed in peninsular plateau
(d) has more decayed biomass

Question 8.
The states that have the highest and the least population respectively in the country are [1]
(a) Kerala and Sikkim
(b) Uttar Pradesh and Sikkim
(c) West Bengal and Arunachal Pradesh
(d) Bihar and Sikkim

Question 9.
The actual burden that will be imposed on the government treasury is indicated by [1]
(a) revenue deficit
(b) tax deficit
(c) primary deficit
(d) fiscal deficit

Question 10.
The office of the World Trade Organization is located at [1]
(a) New York in America
(b) Paris in France
(c) London in England
(d) Geneva in Switzerland

II. Answer the following questions in a sentence each. [14]

Question 11.
Why did Lord Wellesley use Subsidiary Alliance as a Military Agreement? [1]

Question 12.
Which treaty ended the Second Anglo Mysore War? [1]

Question 13.
Why did the citizens of Hulagali revolted against the British? [1]

Question 14.
Who was the first president of the Indian National Congress? [1]

Question 15.
Why was the League of Nations came into existence? [1]

Question 16.
Which article of the Constitution discusses fundamental rights? [1]

Question 17.
Name the leader who led the Movement opposing Kaiga Nuclear Power Plant. [1]

Question 18.
What is labour movement? [1]

Question 19.
Which frontiers of India are called natural frontiers? [1]

Question 20.
Why are the Greater Himalayas called ‘Himadri’? [1]

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Question 21.
Where does the River Indus rise? [1]

Question 22.
What are the causes for the high density of population? [1]

Question 23.
How many Zilla Panchayats and Taluk Panchayats are there in Karnataka? [1]

Question 24.
How has globalization created free trade zone? [1]

III. Answer the following questions in two or three sentences each [30]

Question 25.
The battle of Buxar made the British the masters of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa Province. Discuss. [2]

Question 26.
The British Land Tax system exploited the farmer as well as the zamindars. Justify. [2]

Question 27.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy is considered as the prophet of Indian Nationalism. Substantiate the statement. [2]

Question 28.
What is the offer given by the Indian government to the provinces to join the Indian Union? [2]
OR
Explain the process of State Reorganization based on language.

Question 29.
How did economic crisis led to changes in the politics of USA? [2]

Question 30.
How does regionalism affect national development? [2]

Question 31.
List the functions of the International Labour organization. [2]

Question 32.
What does the Child Marriage Prevention Act of 2006 describe? [2]

Question 33.
Discuss the winter season of India. [2]

Question 34.
Mention any four measures for the conservation of forests. [2]

Question 35.
Floriculture plays a significant role in Indian agriculture. Justify. [2]

Question 36.
Paper is an indispensable and useful product. Discuss. [2]

Question 37.
What is the peninsular earthquake zone called? Why? [2]

Question 38.
Which are the factors responsible for enhancing man’s life expectancy? [2]

Question 39.
What are the causes for consumer exploitation? [2]

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

IV. Answer the following questions in six or eight sentences each. [18]

Question 40.
The First War of Independence was a failure. Elaborate the reasons. [3]
OR
What are the important features of the Indian government act of 1858?

Question 41.
Between who was the Panchasheela signed? What are the principles? [3]
OR
India has cordial relationship with Russia. Justify.

Question 42.
Social inequality is the result of already present unequal social opportunities. Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer. [3]
OR 
In the Indian context, ‘labour has not remained a mere economic activity’. Justify.

Question 43.
Give an account of canal irrigation in India. [3]
OR
List the importance of communication.

Question 44.
Explain the meaning and functions of money. [3]
OR
Explain the differences between personal finance and public finance.

Question 45.
‘Postal Bank account is included in the banking transactions’. How? [3]
OR
List some of the important functions of an entrepreneur.

V. Answer the following question in about 8 to 10 points [8]

Question 46.
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, was the architect of industrialization and modem India. Elucidate the statement. [4]

Question 47.
Draw an outline map of India and mark the following [4]
(A)Western Ghats
(B) Mumbai High
(C) Paradeep

Answers

Answer 1:
(b) Ranjith Singh

Answer 2:
(c) Ryotwari system

Answer 3:
(a) Balagangadhar Tilak

Answer 4:
(d) Pakistan

Answer 5:
(c) December 10th 1948

Answer 6:
(c) there is no need for its registration

Answer 7:
(a) formed from the disintegration of basalt rock

Answer 8:
(b) Uttar Pradesh and Sikkim

Answer 9:
(d) fiscal deficit

Answer 10:
(d) Geneva in Switzerland

Answer 11:
He wanted the local rulers to maintain his army and supply the same when he needed.

Answer 12:
Mangalore

Answer 13:
because of the ban on their firearms.

Answer 14:
W.C. Banerjee.

Answer 15:
In order to prevent future occurrences of wars.

Answer 16:
Article 12 to 35 of part III.

Answer 17:
Dr. Shivaram Karanth.

Answer 18:
It is a movement demanding better working conditions, proper wages and implementation of labour related legal provisions.

Answer 19:
The water frontiers are also called natural frontiers.
The Arabian Sea, the India Ocean and the Bay of Bengal.

Answer 20:
They are covered by snow throughout the year.

Answer 21:
near Mt. Kailash

Answer 22:
fertile soil, transport and communication facilities.

Answer 23:
30 Zilla Panchayats and 176 Taluk Panchayats.

Answer 24:
by removing the import and export duties.

Answer 25:
Mir Qasim got defeated and ran away from the battle field. The efforts of the combined forces to stop the British force failed completely.

  1. Sha Aalam-II surrendered, he accorded the Dewani rights over Bengal to the British and gave away all the rights, over Bengal to the British for an annual fee of rupees 26 lakhs.
  2. The Nawab of Awadh had to give away a fine of rupees 50 lakh for waging a war against the company.
  3. With the death of Mir Jaffar, the company paid pension to his son and took over the entire administration of Bengal.

Answer 26:
A new class of zamindars who exploited the farmers was created.

  1. The farmers who were subj ected to the exploitation of the Zamindars became landless slowly.
  2. Many Zamindars also had to mortgage their lands in order to pay the land taxes.
  3. The agriculture sector became commercialized and had to grow raw materials needed by industries back in England.
  4. The money lenders became strong.

Answer 27:
Raja Ram Mohan Roy is the chief initiator of social reformation of modern India. He established Brahmo Samaj which practised the following aspects: Advocated Monotheism.

  1. Advocated Monotheism, opposed meaningless rituals.
  2. Every person should live with dignity and no law or ritual should violate this provision.
  3. Assured equality to women by opposing Polygamy, advocated share in property to honour dignity of life to widow, opposed child marriage.
  4. It declared that Upanishads and Vedas advocated
  5. the principles yhat one can take good things from anywhere.
  6. Gave importance to English education.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 28:
The Government of India through its ‘Instrument of Accession’ offered an opportunity for the princely states to join federal structure of India. It offered in return of accession, revenue sharing based on the actual revenue of the state in the form of royalty. Apart from this, some special status were also accorded to the ruling kings.

OR
There was a demand for the formation of states on the basis of language of the people in those areas.

  1. In 1953, the government formed justice Fazal Ali Commission in which Fazal Ali was the Chairman, K. M. Panickker and H. N. Kunjru were the member.
  2. In 1953, Andhra Pradesh became the first state to be formed based on language.
  3. Base on the report of the Commission, the State Reorganization Act came into force in 1956.
  4. Accordingly, 14 States and 6 Union Territories were formed in the country.

Answer 29:
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the President of America, prepared people to face the Second World War. He encouraged women to work in public spear. USA won the war. It helped the establishment of UNO during the war and later provided its support to it. The U.S.A. once again became an economic power and today it stands as the sole powerful nation of the world.

Answer 30:
Extreme regionalism harms national unity and interests.

  1. Some regions of the country have achieved a lot of progress while many parts have remained backward
  2. Through the amendment of article 371, backward regions have been special status.
  3. The regional inequalities problem has grown to such an extent that many are demanding independent state status for themselves. This is a challenge to the unity and integrity of the country.

Answer 31:
Some of the activities of ILO are- issues like social security, protection from health hazards, standard qf living etc. of working classes come under the preview of ILO. Even the maternity benefits of women labour, minimum wage, housing benefits etc. are also dealt by this organization.

Answer 32:
The Child Marriage Prevention Act of 2006 describe

  1. that it is a crime to marry even when either of the couple is minor.
  2. It is crime even if a major man marries a minor girl or vice versa.
  3. If a child marriage takes place, the people who initiated the marriage, the one who conducted or motivated the marriage are liable for imprisonment of two year and fine of rupees one lakh.
  4. As per provisions of this law under column 9, 10, 11, the priest, the photographer, videographer, cook, provider of shamiyana services, musicians, vehicle drivers and whoever took part in the marriage all are liable for punishment.

Answer 33:
During winter the rays of the sun fall vertically over the Southern Hemisphere.

  1. India gets oblique rays of the sun.
  2. Hence the temperature and humidity are low and the sky is clear.
  3. It is cool in the north and warm in the south.
  4. January is the coldest month.
  5. The hilly areas of Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh record the lowest temperature.
  6. Dew and fog is common and heavy snowfall in the mountain areas.
  7. India gets only 2% of its annual rainfall during winter.

Answer 34:
Measures for the conservation of forests are –

  1. Control of deforestation,
  2. Restriction on grazing,
  3. Control of forest’fires,
  4. prevention of encroachment on forests,
  5. control of forest insects and diseases,
  6. controlling illegal cutting of trees.

Answer 35.
Floriculture plays a significant role in Indian agriculture.

  1. India’s agro-climatic conditions are very suitable for the cultivation of a variety of flowers.
  2. India is known for growing traditional flowers such as jasmine, marigold, rose, crossunder and aster. Cut flowers include archids, gladiolus, carnation, anthurium and lilies.
  3. India has a potential of generating income and providing employment opportunities for farmers, especially women and add to the export, of the country.
  4. Floriculture is mainly developed in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Haryana and West Bengal.

Answer 36:
It is used for many purposes such as writing, wrapping, packing, printing, etc. Education and literacy level in a country are measured by the consumption of paper in that country.

Answer 37:
The ‘Peninsular earthquake zone’ is called ‘the Zone of minimum intensity because Peninsular India has been considered as a stable landmass. Only a few earthquakes have been occurring in this zone in recent years.

Answer 38:
The factors responsible for enhancing man’s life expectancy are availability of nutritious food, excellent health and hygiene facilities, clean environment etc.

Answer 39:
During the past the producers were supplying good directly to the consumers without any hindrances of middlemen. When agricultural occupations developed, it changed the marketing methods. The price fixation of the goods and services was done mainly by the middlemen who exploited the consumers

Answer 40:
The First War of Independence failed due to various reasons.

  1. The movement did not spread to the whole country.
  2. This struggle was intended to protect the interests of the kings and queens rather than getting freedom for the country.
  3. The unity among the British and the disunity among the Indian soldiers also led to the failure.
  4. There was no proper direction or proper leadership, discipline and direction.
  5. Many provincial kings, on account of their loyalty to the British, did not support the struggle.
  6. The freedom fighters lacked a definite aim.
  7. The plundering and other crimes committed by the sepoys made them to lose the faith of common people.

OR
The important features of the Indian government act of 1858 are as follows:

  1. The license of East India Company was cancelled and India was brought under the direct administration of the Queen.
  2. The post of Governor General was changed into ‘Viceroy’. Lord Canning became the first Viceroy of India.
  3. A new post called ‘Secretary of State for India’ was created in the British government. The secretary was part of British cabinet and was responsible for the administration of India.
  4. A council of fifteen members of India was created in order to assist the secretary in the administration.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 41:
In 1954, Chou-enlai, Prime Minister of India and Nehru, agreed to adopt five principles, so it is called Panchasheela.
The principles of Panchasheela are as follows-

  1. Respecting each other’s Sovereignty and regional interests
  2. on invasion of each other.
  3. Non-Interference in each other’s internal issues.
  4. Mutual cooperation and respect.
  5. peaceful co-existence.

OR
India has cordial relationship with Russia.

  1. Even though, India followed Non-Aligned policy, it had good relationship with Russia in the field of economics, politics and other areas.
  2. Though a communist country, Soviet Union opposed China’s invasion in 1962.
  3. During the Goa liberation in 1961, USSR supported India at UNO.
  4. USSR had supported the Tashkent Agreement between India and Pakistan in 1966.
  5. In 1971, India and the USSR signed an agreement of 20 years for peace and cooperation.
  6. USSR had supported for the establishment of Bhilai and Bokaro steel plants.
  7. India has taken major support from Russia to ; improve its industries and technology.
  8. Russia is supporting Indian claim for permanent seat in the Security Council of UNO.

Answer 42:
Social inequality is the result of already present unequal social opportunities.

  1. This is continued by providing unequal access to materials, resources, income, opportunities, recognitions and status.
  2. For example, by neglecting the social service sectors like Public Health system, Public Education and social security, the life of the poor is made difficult.
  3. This allows the assimilation of wealth in the hands of very few.
  4. The increasing economic growth and the GDP have led to the creation if fifty Billionaires and one lakh millionaires.
  5. But the neglect of the food and social security, of caste, income and sex based discrimination makes one to understand the inequality present in the society.

OR
In the Indian context, ‘labour has not remained a mere economic activity’.

  1. Division of labour has led to inequality in the society. ’Labour has become a part of social structure with inequalities.
  2. Labour has mixed with gender, caste, region and religion.
  3. In Indian society, if a person moves upwards with his status and role, his power and income also rises.

Answer 43:
Canal Irrigation:

  1. It occupies the second place after well irrigation and accounts for about 27% of the irrigated area.
  2. The government is responsible for the construction and maintenance of canals.
  3. There are two types- inundation and perennial canals.
  4. In inundation canals, water is drawn directly from the river without building dam.
  5. In perennial canals, dams are constructed across the rivers and water is stored in the reservoirs and used for agriculture through canals.
  6. Canal irrigation is extensively used in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, West Bengal and Karnataka.

OR
importance of communication.

  1. Communication helps in quick transmission and discrimination of ideas, information and messages from person to person and place to place!
  2. Communication helps in creating awareness among the people about government policies and programmes of development.
  3. It enables us to know about natural hazards and disasters, weather forecasting etc.
  4. It helps in the progress of trade, industry, agriculture, etc.
  5. It provides entertainment, day to day information of the world.
  6. It helps to maintain unity and integrity of the country.

Answer 44:
Money is anything which is widely accepted in payment for goods or in discharge of other business obligations. Money has made day to day transactions, valuing goods and services, as well as storing the wealth for future easier.
Functions of money:
Primary or main function- the important functions are

  1. it is used as medium of exchange for buying and selling of goods and payments.
  2. It is used as Measure of value. The prices of all goods and services are expressed in terms of money.

Secondary functions-

  1. Standard of deferred payments-it eases the future transactions too.
  2. Store of value- money has made it possible to save or store wealth for future,
  3. transfer of value – the exchange of goods to distant places id possible through money.

OR
The differences between personal finance and public finance are as follows:
Private Finance: private or personal or family finance the income, individuals calculate their income and then spend accordingly, personal transactions are kept confidential, when an individual or a family saves money, it will supplement the prosperity.

Public Finance: Public finance relates to the income and expenditure of the government, the governments calculates its expenditure first and then adjusts its income accordingly, matters are discussed in the legislative houses and publicized through the media for the information of the public, when the government saves money, growth is stunted. Hence governments always try to show more expenditure on developmental works.

Answer 45:
The recent development in banking industry is the inclusion of Post Offices into its fold. The Indian Postal Department is planning to start a bank to be tentatively called the ‘Post Bank of India’ with a network of over 1.55 lakh post offices spread over India, 90 percent of them are in and around semi-urban and rural areas. The Department is already providing various financial services including a Post Office Savings Bank, National Savings certificate, Kissan Vikas Patra, Monthly Recurring deposits, Postal Life Insurance, Pension payment, Money transfer, etc. The postal is promoting a capital investment of Rs. 1,000 crores for the bank transactions. It will be set up as a subsidiary with the postal department.

OR
Some of the important functions of an entrepreneur are as follows: An Entrepreneur-

  1. starts business activity by preparing various plans relating to business.
  2. organizes factors of production.
  3. takes decisions about product, technology, marketing, employment etc.
  4. co-ordinates things effectively.
  5. handles budget of his concern.
  6. bears risk and uncertainty.
  7. gives directions to the business/firm and ensures its effective operation.

Answer 46:
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, was the architect of industrialization and modern India. He also supervised, under the leadership of Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, to bring together all the princely states and merge them with the Union of India. Later Nehru laid the foundation for Indian democracy by reorganizing all the sates on the basis of language.

He established a mixed economic system which had principles of both capitalism and socialism. He believed that growth was possible through intense industrialization. He was the pioneer who envisaged the development of India through Five Year Plans. With regard to foreign policy, India under his leadership, adopted Non-alignment Policy and did not join any power block. On the basis of Panchasheel principles, he remained away from power politics and aimed to implement the formula of peace and harmony.

Answer 47:
Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 4 Q47

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Karnataka State Syllabus SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 5 (Old Pattern)

I. Four alternatives are given for each of the following questions / incomplete statements. Only one of them is correct or most appropriate. Choose the correct alternative and write the complete answer along with its letter of alphabet in your answer booklet. [10]

Question 1.
Constantinople was called the ‘Gate of European Trade’ because [1]
(a) it was the centre of international business
(b) it had the monopoly of trade over all the European and Asian countries
(c) it connected the trade between Asian and European countries
(d) it was the trade center for Italian traders.

Question 2.
Revolt against the British in Kanpur was led by [1]
(a) Tatya Tope
(b) Nana Saheb
(c) Rani Lakshmi Bai
(d) Mangal Pandey

Question 3.
The Russians rose against the Tsars when [1]
(a) the Tsars exploited the workers and the farmers
(b) Lenin encouraged them to do so
(c) Russia was defeated by Japan in 1905
(d) the nobles, feudal lords and poor people were exploited by the Tsars

Question 4.
The leader who explained the foreign policy of India in his Radio speech on 7th September 1946 was [1]
(a) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(b) Mahatma Gandhiji
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Lai Bahadur Shastry

Question 5.
I am an agency of the UNO and my preamble quote, ‘Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds that defense of peace must be constructed’. I am [1]
(a) UNICEF
(b) UNESCO
(c) UNCTAD
(d) IBRD

Question 6.
Silent Valley Movement was [1]
(a) against the construction of dam across the river Narmada
(b) to stop smuggling trees
(c) against the set up of the Nuclear Power Generation centre in Kaiga
(d) in Kerala against the construction of dam in the valley

Question 7.
The first Multi Purpose River Valley project of Independent India is [1]
(a) Bhakra Nangal Project
(b) Hirakud project
(c) Damodar project
(d) Kosi Project

Question 8.
During the period from 1911 to 1921, the population growth was slow. This was due to [1]
(a) the success in family welfare programmes
(b) control in birth rate and high death rate
(c) awareness created among the people
(d) high death rate due to epidemics and lack of medical care

Question 9.
A person who buys now, agrees to pay a stated amount of money on a specified future date. This function of money is called [1]
(a) means of payment
(b) transfer of value
(c) standard of differed payments
(d) measure of value

Question 10.
Kiran Mazumdar Shah is the Chairman and Managing Director of [1]
(a) Biocon Ltd.
(b) Amul milk products
(c) Balaji Telefilms
(d) Wipro

II Answer the following questions in a sentence each. [14]

Question 11.
Why did the Nawabs of Bengal oppose the use of tasks? [1]

Question 12.
Why did Kittur Rani Chennamma revolt against the British? [1]

Question 13.
Which Wodeyar’s death created the political challenges in Mysore State? [1]

Question 14.
Who were called radicals? [1]

Question 15.
Name the publications of Balgangadhar Tilak. [1]

Question 16.
What was the purpose of the formation of the European Community? [1]

Question 17.
What does Article 46 describe? [1]

Question 18.
Who quoted, ‘Untouchability is a leprosy attached to Hindu skin’? [1]

Question 19.
Which are the driest and the wettest place in India? [1]

Question 20.
Red soil does not retain moisture. Why? [1]

Question 21.
What do you mean by nuclear power? [1]

Question 22.
Define the term ‘density of population’. [1]

Question 23.
What do you mean by ‘Budget’? [1]

Question 24.
Which bank formulates the monetary policy to be followed by all other banks? [1]

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

III. Answer the following questions in two or three sentences each [30]

Question 25.
What was the impact of the Doctrine of Lapse on Indian kingdoms? [2]

Question 26.
Discuss the declaration of Dayananda Saraswathi’s Back to the Vedas. [2]

Question 27.
Why did the farmers revolt against the British? [2]

Question 28.
How was Junagadh merged with the Indian Union? [2]

Question 29.
Stalin played a prominent role in moulding Russian economy. Discuss. [2]
OR
What were the effects of the Chinese Revolution?

Question 30.
The relationship between India and China is recently spoiled. Why? [2]

Question 31.
What are the features of economically backward countries? What are the reasons for this backward? [2]

Question 32.
What are the reasons for child labour. Explain. [2]

Question 33.
The Northern Great Plain is the largest alluvial soil tract in the world. Elucidate. [2]

Question 34.
What is meant by wild life sanctuaries? How many sanctuaries are there in India? [2]

Question 35.
Railways play a vital role in the development of agriculture, industry and economy of India. Justify. [2]

Question 36.
What are the raw materials used in paper industry? [2]

Question 37.
What are the causes of cyclones in India? [2]

Question 38.
Per capita income is being used as an indicator of development instead of national income. Why? [2]

Question 39.
What are the problems faced by consumer? [2]

IV. Answer the following questions in six or eight sentences each. [18]

Question 40.
In permanent Zamindari system the Indian farmers ‘were born in debt, lived in debt and died in debt’. How [3]
OR
What were the issues that outraged the religious feelings of the soldiers and made them to revolt against the British?

Question 41.
Suggest measures needed for the eradication of unemployment. [3]
OR
What factors have shaped India’s foreign policy?

Question 42.
Explain the challenges faced on social security issue by the unorganised sectors. [3]
OR
The exploitation of women in independent India has undergone a lot transformation. How?

Question 43.
What is the difference between intensive farming and mixed farming. [3]
OR
Write a note on the south Indian rivers.

Question 44.
Explain Gandhiji’s concept of ‘Grama Swarajya’ in the light of decentralization. [3]
OR
Explain briefly the significance of public finance.

Question 45.
List the aims of World Trade Organization. [3]
OR
Explain the process of filling in the proposal form of opening an account in a bank.

V. Answer the following question in about 8 to 10 points [8]

Question 46.
Explain the achievements of Subhash Chandra Bose in Freedom Movement of India. [4]

Question 47.
Draw an outline map of India and mark these [4]
(A) Port Blair
(B)Mayurbanj
(C) Porbandar

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answers

Answer 1:
(a) it was the centre of international business

Answer 2:
(b) Nana Saheb

Answer 3:
(c) Russia was defeated by Japan in 1905

Answer 4:
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer 5:
(b) UNESCO

Answer 6:
(d) in Kerala against the construction of dam in the valley

Answer 7:
(c) Damodar project

Answer 8:
(d) high death rate due to epidemics and lack of medical care

Answer 9:
(c) standard of differed payments

Answer 10:
(a) Biocon Ltd.

Answer 11:
The dastaks were limited to the Company’s transactions but were misused by individual use of the officers of the Company.

Answer 12:
The British tried to annex Kittur after the death of Shivalinga Rudra Sarja, the son of Kittur Rani Chennamma 6n the pretext of Doctrine of Lapse.

Answer 13:
Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar.

Answer 14:
The men who believed in aggressive, bold and forceful actions rather than appealing to the British were called the radicals.

Answer 15:
Tilak published ‘Kesari’ in Marathi and Maratha in English language.

Answer 16:
To enhance political, economic and social cooperation among the European Community.

Answer 17:
Article 46 states that it is the duty of the government to support the education interest of Scheduled caste and Tribes.

Answer 18:
Gandhiji.

Answer 19:
Royly of Jaisalmer is the driest place and Mawsynram of Meghalaya is the wettest place in India.

Answer 20:
because it is more sandy and less clayey.

Answer 21:
The energy generated from the atomic minerals is called nuclear power.

Answer 22:
The number of people living per square kilometre.

Answer 23:
Budget is the statement of estimated income and expenditure of a year prepared by the government.

Answer 24:
Reserve Bank of India.

Answer 25:
With the severe implementation of Doctrine of Lapse not only the princely families, but even ordinary people who sympathetic to these kings also rebelled against the Company. Their love for their kings and the sense of loyalty fuelled this rebellion further. This finally resulted in the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857.

Answer 26:
Dayanand Saraswathi roamed across the country for about fifteen years.

  1. He outlined his ideas in a book titled ‘Sathyartha Prakash’.
  2. He realized that the remedies to various maladies of India are present in Vedas.
  3. He declared ‘Back to Vedas’. He was more of a renaissance person than a reformist.
  4. He declared that only Vedas are authentic.

Answer 27:
Due to Zamindari system, the farmers were exploited by Zamindars. My forming Inam Commissions, Inam lands were also withdrawn. As a result, the farmers had to undergo lot of economic hardships and felt insulted.

Answer 28:
The Nawab of Junagadh state had signed the agreement to join the state with Pakistan. His citizens revolted against him and flooded the streets. The king fled from the kingdom. Based on the request made by the Diwan of the province to the Indian government, the army was sent to maintain law and order and Junagadh was merged with India in 1949.

Answer 29:
Joseph Stalin, who became the President of Russia after Lenin, played a prominent role in moulding Russia into a force capable of challenging America. The Five Year Plans initiated by him changed the path of development of Russia entirely. For the first time in the world, Russia sent a manned satellite into space. Yuri Gagarin became the first astronaut in the world. After the World War II, Russia assumed leadership of Socialist Countries Block.

OR
After the Chinese Revolution, community farming was adopted under the leadership of Mao-Tse-Tung as the President of China. Everyone enjoyed free education, health and sports facilities. A lot of importance was given to science and technology in order to achieve industrial development. The ‘Leap Forward’ programme was adopted. Private property was converted into public property.

Answer 30:
The relationship between India and China is recently spoiled because –

  1. The war with China in 1962 due to the escalation of Tibetan crisis.
  2. After the war, border disputes arose.and these disputes still remain unresolved.
  3. The insistence of China that Arunachal Pradesh belongs to it is one of the main bone of contentions between the two countries.

Answer 31:
The economically backward countries lack sufficient capital to develop agriculture, industry, transport and communication, science education, health, technology, medical facilities, health, etc. This backwardness is due to colonialism and imperialism. The countries that were under the control of imperialistic powers suffered from economic backwardness.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 32:
The main reasons for the problems of child labour are poverty, domestic conflicts, divorce, domestic violence, excessive control, greed of industrialists, illiteracy, kidnapping of children and pledging them etc.

Answer 33:
The Northern Great Plain is the largest alluvial soil tract in the world extending east to west a length of 2500 kms.

  1. Its average width varies from 240 to 340 kms.
  2. It covers an area of about 7 lakh sq. kms.
  3. The plain is formed from the fertile alluvium deposited by three river systems namely the Sutlej, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra flowing from the Himalayas.

Answer 34:
Wild Life sanctuary refers to a place meant for providing protection to wild life. It is area where killing or capturing of any species of animals is prohibited except under orders of the competent authority. There are 523 sanctuaries in India.

Answer 35:
They play a vital role in the development of agriculture, industry and economy of India. Railways are very useful to carry heavy goods and large number of passengers over a long distance. They help to expand trade and tourism. Railways form the largest public sector undertaking in India. It has a network of about 7031 stations and a length of 64,015 Kms. The railways are divided into 16 zones for the purpose of efficient management. Many steps are taken to provide comfortable and safe railway travel.

Answer 36:
The raw materials used in paper industry are softwood like bamboo and cellulosic pulp, grasses like Sabai and Babhar obtained from the forests. Due to lack of forest-based raw materials straw of paddy, wheat, bagasse, cotton lints, rags etc. are being used as raw materials.

Answer 37:
The most ideal conditions for the origin and developments of tropical cyclones are-

  1. high temperature,
  2. calm air and
  3. highly saturated air.

These conditions result in the development of low pressure centre (depression). Relative high pressure provides around the low pressure. So, the winds blow spirally inwards the centre of low pressure causing cyclones.

Answer 38:
Per capita income is being used as an indicator of development instead of national income.

  1. Economic progress in a country will be slower if the population expands along with the increase in national income.
  2. Therefore, comparison of economic development between countries with different levels of population will not be correct.
  3. Hence, per capita income is being used as an indicator of development instead of national income.

Answer 39:
The traders or the producers cheat the consumers in many ways. The prices were fixed by the middlemen and it led to many hindrances. The consumers had to undergo various difficulties and problems.

Answer 40.
Under Permanent Zamindari system, Zamindar became the land owner.

  1. The Zamindar was supposed to pay the agreed land taxes to the Company on a set date every year.
  2. He was free to collect any amount of land tax from the farmers and could retain the excess money collected.
  3. This benefitted the Zamindar more. The farmers suffered a lot.
  4. The farers, the farming labourers suffered due to irregular working opportunities in the farming lands.
  5. They were exploited and had to lead a life of insecurity.

OR
The condition of the Indian soldiers in the British army was pathetic.

  1. The status, salary and opportunities for promotions that British soldiers enjoyed were not given to Indian soldiers.
  2. The pressure put on Indian soldiers for overseas work triggered resentment among them due to their religious beiliefs.
  3. The British started providing ‘Royal Enfield’ guns, a type of new and improved guns.
  4. A rumour spread that the bullets of these guns were .smeared in the fat of pig and cow.
  5. The cow was sacred for Hindus and the pig was prohibited for Muslims.
  6. When the British ordered the Indian soldiers to pull the safety catch with the help of their teeth, the soldiers rejected the command and revolted against their superiors. This became the immediate cause for the revolt.

Answer 41:
The measures needed for the eradication of unemployment are as follows:

  1. The central and state government have taken various measures to generate employment for people.
  2. Steps have been taken to improve the skill level of the job seekers so that they can have better access to employment.
  3. Providing loans and subsidy to enable people to engage in self employment.
  4. To inculcate world class skill to our people so that they compete with globalized production.
  5. Apart from this, every citizen should be encouraged to indulge in one or the other employment by providing job oriented course.

OR
Various international and national issues have influenced India’s Foreign Policy.

  1. Issues like national interest,
  2. geographical interests political situation,
  3. economic interests,
  4. military issues,
  5. public opinions,
  6. international situations and many other issues.

Answer 42:
The challenges faced on Social Security issue by the unorganized sectors are-

  1. Migration: Labourers of migrate from one place to
    another place in search of work and have no social security. s
  2. Social Security: the minimum needs like health, water, food, drinking water, equal opportunity to work, etc is not available for labourers.
  3. Legal Framework: many legal provisions like receiving wages as per their work duration, provident fund, etc. are not given.
  4. Child Labour: Childern work in unhealthy and dangerous environment on many semi skilled or unskilled works. There sectors foster child labour.
  5. Physical and Mental Exploitation: As per the statistics of 2014-15, more than 70% of the women work in unorganized sectors. Women are exploited sexually. Such incidents are being reported on regular basis.

OR
The patriarchal values that consider woman as a mere slave has created inequalities in the society.

  1. Women are subjected to physical and mental abuse, dowry harassment, rape and other exploitations everyday.
  2. Domestic violence has curtailed the independence of women within the house and also outside the house.
  3. The exploitation has taken new forms like acid attacks, kidnaps and human trafficking.
  4. The earlier Honour of Clan has transformed into ‘Honour Killing’.
  5. Women are denied many rights explained in our constitution under article 14, 15, 16 and 39 for equal rights for work and wages.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 43:
Intensive farming:

  1. A method of farming in which a large amount of capital and labour are applied per unit of land.
  2. Land is cultivated intensively throughout the year.
  3. two-three crops are raised on the same plot to get maximum production from small land holdings.
  4. This kind of farming is in practice in areas which are fertile and irrigated areas Mixed farming:
  5. The cultivation of crops and livestock rearing is carried on in the same land.
  6. farmers get income from both. It is popular in many states.

OR
The rivers of south India are also known as Peninsular rivers.

  1. These can be grouped into east flowing rivers and west flowing rivers.
  2. The east flowing rivers:
  3. These are Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri.
  4. All these rivers flow towards east and join Bay of Bengal.
  5. River Godavari is the largest river in south India.
  6. The West Flowing Rivers:
  7. The Narmada and Tapi are the important rivers.
  8. These rivers flow towards west and join Arabian sea.
  9. These rivers are short and swift.
  10. Other rivers are Sabarmathi, Mandovi, Zuari, Bedti, Sharavathi, Kali, Netreavathi arid the Periyar.

Answer 44:
Mahatma Gandhiji had declared, ‘Independence should begin with villages first, and each village should be democratic unit with people’s rule’.

  1. Providing the administrative power, and the responsibility of developing the village to its own people is called administrative decentralization.
  2. Through decentralization, self-reliant, self-sufficient and prosperous villages can be developed.
    This process was called ‘Grama Swarajya’ by Mahatma Gandhi.

OR
The significance of public finance for the government is as follows:

  1. The government manages public finance according to fiscal policy keeping in mind the progress of the nation,
  2. it formulates methods to equitably distribute the country’s natural wealth, labour and capital investment and tries to maximize the production.
  3. it fries to ensure the equitable distribution of the income generated amidst all sections of the people, and tries to see that all people live comfortably.
  4. it enhances the public expenditure in priority areas like agriculture, small scale industries and basic infrastructure and ensure a balanced growth in all spheres of the economic system.
  5. Developing countries like India utilize public finance in order to eradicate poverty and unemployment, regulate financial upheavals and commodity prices and thereby establish financial stability.

Answer 45:
The aims of World Trade Organization are as follows-

  1. to bring down the living cost and raise the standard of living of the member countries.
  2. to settle disputes and reduce trade tension of the member countries.
  3. to stimulate economic growth and employment.
  4. to reduce the cost of doing business internationally.
  5. to encourage good governance.
  6. to support the environment and health of member countries.
  7. to contribute to peace and stability of member countries.

OR
The Proposal from should be filled carefully after reading every item asked for in the space provided. Two or three specimen signatures should be made on the specimen signature card. This signature should not be changed. If the account is to be opened in joint names, then the form must be signed jointly and specimen signatures should be given in separate specimen signature cards. Now a days the banks insist on submitting the passport size photographs for the purpose of identification.

Answer 46:
Subhash Chandra Bose was the most prominent revolutionary freedom fighter.

  1. Although he secured the 4th rank in the Indian Civil Service Examination, he rejected the prestigious post in the British service and joined the freedom struggle.
  2. He travelled to Vienna, Berlin, Rome, Istanbul and other countries and inspired the Indians there to support their motherland.
  3. He differed with Gandhiji’s non-violent methods of freedom struggle and left the Congress.
  4. He established a separate party called Forward Bloc with an aim to bring in progressive, fast changes.
  5. He escaped to Germany when he was arrested by the British. With the help of Hitler, he tried to establish an army with the help of Indian war criminals in Germany.
  6. He joined hands with Ras Behari Bose who had established the military wing of the Indian Independence League at Tokyo and named it Indian National army.
  7. Later Subhash Chandra Bose became the leader of INA. He gave a call, ‘Delhi Chalo!’
  8. He planned a military strategy through Rangoon to capture Delhi.
  9. His army began an armed attack on the Burma border.
  10. Fierce fighting took place between and the INA. In the midst of this, he died in a plane accident.
  11. He is popularly called Netaji.

Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 6 with Answers

Answer 47:
Karnataka SSLC Social Science Model Question Paper 5 Q47

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