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Karnataka State Board Class 6 English Prose Chapter 8 The Gifts of Nature
The Gifts of Nature Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes
Name three gifts Nature has given us.
Sparkling streams, dense forests, animals, and birds.
Why does water get polluted? Why does air get polluted?
Water gets polluted because we throw waste and wash, dirty dishes in the river. Air gets polluted because of the smoke emitted by vehicles and factories. Air also get polluted when forests, are cut down.
Why is soil tosing its fertility?
Soil is losing its fertility because of overexploitation, deforestation and through soil pollution.
Why does man destroy forests?
Man is destroying forests by his greediness to become rich by cutting them down indiscriminately.
What happens if man becomes two greedy and selfish?
Man will ultimately destroy the earth and eventually destroy himself.
Talking about the test:
1. Answer the following questions in a word, a phrase or a sentence. Discuss with your partner and write down what you say.
What is our moral duty?
Our moral duty is to look after the things God has given us. We must learn to take care of the gifts of nature so that these are not destroyed or harmed. We must not use the gifts of nature for our selfish ends, but instead, work to preserve them.
Which animals are on the verge of extinction?
Tigers, lions and some rare species are on the verge of extinction.
Where should we throw waste paper, tins, and bottles?
We should not throw waste paper, tins and bottles into the river but outside in a dustbin.
What are trees said to be?
Trees are said to be “Green Gold”.
How can we maintain ecological balance?
We should plant more and more to trees to maintain ecological balance, in the parks and along roadsides.
Who are the carriers of pollen?
Bees and butterflies are the carriers of pollen.
What is the wonderful handiwork of God?
The moon, the stars, mountains, and seas are the wonderful handiwork of God.
2. Discuss with your partner and write down the answers to the following questions in two or three sentences each:
What are the gifts of nature?
Long-range of mountains, the wide oceans, the sparkling streams, the dense forests, the animals, birds, and insects,colorful flowers, fruits, the earth we live on and the air we breathe are gifts of nature.
Why should we not destroy the gifts of nature?
The gifts of nature are ours to admire, use and preserve. So we should not destroy it.
There were many more animals than there are today. Why? Discuss.
There were many more animals than there are today. But over the years, hunters have killed them for sport or food in large numbers. It is feared that some species may soon become extinct. Today tigers, lions and some rare species are on the verge of extinction.
What is water pollution?
Today we are making the ocean dirty by throwing tons and tons of refuse into the rivers and oceans. This is known as water pollution.
Give three examples of where trees are used in our daily life.
- To build houses
- To make furniture
- firewood for cooking.
Why should we put out the camp-fire before we leave the camp?
To avoid accidental forest fires, we must put out the camp-fire before we leave the camp.
What will happen if you take your pet animals to the garden?
If we take our pet animals to the garden, it may step on the flower beds and destroy the plants.
Name a few things of Nature which gives you inspiration.
The moon, the stars, mountains, and seas are a great source of beauty and inspiration to us.
3. Answer the following questions, discuss it with your partner and write down what you say in the form of a paragraph.
How can we take care of rare animals?
Over the years, hunters have killed them for sport or food in large numbers. It is feared that some species may soon become extinct. Today these varieties of animals like tigers, lions and some rare species are on the verge of extinction. If we do not take care of these rare animals, there will soon be none left, except in pictures. We must not kill animals and birds for sport. We should also preserve the forests so that the wild animals can thrive and multiply.
What steps can be taken to prevent water pollution?
We should not throw tons and tons of refuse into the rivers and oceans. We must be careful when huge oil ships sail in the ocean and avoid accidents we should not throw waste paper and tins and bottles into the rivers when we go for a picnic on the banks of the river. We must avoid washing dirty dishes in the river.
Grammar: Relative Clauses
4. Look at these sentences.
This giraffe is refusing to eat.
This traffic policewoman seems to be efficient.
This giraffe, which has come from Africa, is refusing to eat.
This traffic policewomen, who works here, seems to be efficient. The meaning is clear in sentence ‘a’ in both the examples. In sentence ‘b’ the underlined words add extra information. These words form a clause called ‘Relative clause’. They begin with relative pronouns ‘which’ and ‘who’.
Punctuation: Comma or commas separate the extra information relative clause from the rest of the sentence.
5. Join the sentences given below using the relative pronoun given in the brackets:
I often go to Mumbai, Mumbai is the commercial capital of India (which)
I often go to Mumbai which is the commercial capital of India.
My mother is going to host a T.V show on cooking. She cooks very well (who)
My mother, who cooks weft, is going to host a T.V. show on cooking.
These sportspersons are going to meet the President. Their performance has been excellent (whose)
These sportspersons, whose performance has been excellent are going to meet the President.
6. Read this sentence aloud to your partner:
- It is our responsibility to preserve the gifts of nature.
- Note that the word ‘responsibility’ has two stresses-re. spon. si. bil. i.ty
- The secondary stress is weak and the primary stress is strong.
- Note that in words ending with the spelling- ity’ the primary stress falls on the third syllable from the end.
Topic – Planting saplings
Your teacher will elicit ideas from you. Note down the points and ideas. Use these to write a paragraph on the topic given.
Our school has a large area of open grounds in front and at the back of our school premises. The front area can be well used for planting trees in the borders. Each class can be allotted 10 beds to plant a sapling of shade-giving trees, prizes can be announced for the best maintainer. The last period of every day can be used for gardening work.
Read the following passage to your partner and write down suitable words in the blanks with his/her help.
Today the world is facing the problem of pollution. We are polluting Nature by our foolish acts. It is our duty to preserve the wonderful gifts of nature. We must leam to discipline our selves in preserving the gifts of Nature.
The Gifts of Nature Summary in English
God has given us the most beautiful gift. The gift of Nature. Long ranges of mountains, oceans sprakling streams, dense forests, animals, birds, insects, colorful flowers, fruits and the earth and even the air we breathe are gifts of Nature. It our moral duty to protect and conserve these natural gifts.
Centuries ago, there were many more animals than there are today. Man has hunted them down for sport or food. Most animals species are extinct. Tigers and Lions and other rare species are now becoming endangered. If they are not protected and conserved we can see them only in pictures.
Oceans are endless expanse of water with countless fishes. Oceans are now becoming polluted by tons of refuse. When huge ships sink in bad weather the oil pollutes the oceans and kills the aquatic ani mals because they cannot breathe. We should preserve our oceans.
Rivers provide clean and useful water. We should aviod polluting our rivers. Trees are “Green gold” they are very valuable. We cannot live without Trees. Trees are necessary to build houses. So it is important for us to plant more trees to maintain ecological balance. We should plant saplings inparkes and road sides and protect them.
While trekking in the forests we must be careful to put off our campfires to avoid accidental forest fires, we should be careful and not pluck flowers in public gardens. Bees and butterflies carry pollen from place to place and perform an important function in nature. We should not kill them. We must learn to appreciate the beauty of nature and preserve this wonderful handiwork of God.