KSEEB Solutions for Class 9 Sociology Chapter 1 Family

Students can Download Sociology Chapter 1 Family Questions and Answers, Notes, KSEEB Solutions for Class 9 Social Science helps you to revise complete Karnataka State Board Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Karnataka State Syllabus Class 9 Social Science Sociology Chapter 1 Family

Class 9 Social Science Family Textual Questions and Answers

I. Fill in the blanks with suitable words.

Question 1.
The word ‘family’ is derived from the Latin word ______
Answer:
‘famulus’.

Question 2.
The cell of the society is _____
Answer:
family.

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Question 3.
If the father is the head of the family, that family is called as _____
Answer:
patriarchal family.

Question 4.
Among the N’ayars of Kerala family is found _____
Answer:
Matriarchal.

II. Answer the following :

Question 1.
How does the family become a social unit?
Answer:
The system of relationships between the parents is called the family. Family is like a living cell. Therefore it is the unit of society.

Question 2.
Mention the types of family.
Answer:
The different types of families are:

  1. Patriarchal family,
  2. Matriarchal family,
  3. Modern Nuclear family.

Question 3.
What is a joint family?
Answer:
‘Joint Family (Undivided Family)’ is that in which people of more than two generations consisting of parents, their children, grandchildren and their great-grandchildren live together under one roof, eating food prepared in one kitchen, having equal rights to property, engaging in same of worship and having specific blood relatives.

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Question 4.
What is ‘Nuclear Family’?
Answer:
A family having a husband, wife and their unmarried children are called a modern nuclear family. It is also called Primary family, Individual family or Divided family.

Question 5.
What are the characteristics of a family?
Answer:
The characteristics of a family are :

  1. It is a social system seen in all ages and all countries.
  2. It is from the family that neighbourhoods, villages, cities and nations evolve.
  3. The members of the family not only realise their social responsibilities but also understand the need for cooperation.
  4. The social traditions, morality and behaviour are all controlled by the family.
  5. Family is a universal system.

Question 6.
Discuss the role of the family in an individual’s social development stages.
Answer:
Childhood and youth occupy an important place in the social development of an individual. Not only does the child learn the mother tongue but also the fundamental, social matters. A child growing in familial and social atmosphere develops related characteristics and gains friendly relations with other children of the same age. By mingling with others, it develops leadership qualities, social behaviour, its requirements and restrictions influence a child resulting in the formation of healthy social relationships. Later in youth, it leads to friendship, independence, security and social acceptance. The behaviour and habits developed in the youth continue in the adult and old ages.

Question 7.
Explain the characteristics of a joint family.
Answer:
Characteristics of a joint family are :

  1. Large size: The size of the family is big. Blood relatives live permanently in the same house.
  2. Property: All the members of the family are the owners of the property. An undivided family runs on the basis of interpersonal co-operation of all the members. Its head acts as a religious head.
  3. Residence: All the members of the family live under the same roof.
  4. Kitchen: The members of an undivided family usually prepare the food in the same kitchen and consume it together.
  5. Religion: All the members of an undivided family follow the same religion. They worship the same gods.
  6. Self-independent: An undivided family is mostly self-independent. The family fulfils the majority of their needs. All members share the household chores. The work in an undivided family is divided according to the effort needed to do the job, the members of age and gender.
  7. Structure of the authority: In a divided family the oldest member takes a decision in any matter. Even when he transfers it, the policy of seniority in age is followed.

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Question 8.
What are the reasons for the increase of nuclear families in the present days
Answer:
The reasons for the increase of nuclear families are privacy, personal happiness, self-contentment, property right, changing social values, geographical and social structure, advances in technology, industrialization, principles of democracy and equality, a decline of religious faith, the spread of materialistic attitude, freedom of women, etc. These are responsible to increase the number of nuclear families.

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