Students can Download Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Surface Areas and Volumes Ex 15.5 Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths helps you to revise the complete Karnataka State Board Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

## Karnataka State Syllabus Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Surface Areas and Volumes Ex 15.5

Question 1.

A copper wire, 3 mm in diameter, is wound about a cylinder whose length is 12 cm, and diameter 10 cm, so as to cover the curved surface of the cylinder. Find the length and mass of the wire, assuming the density of copper to be 8.88 g per cm^{3}.

Answer:

Cylinder

Diameter = 10 cm,

radius = r = \(\frac{d}{2}=\frac{10}{2}\) = 5cm

Length of wire one round of cylinder = circumference of base

= 2πr = 2π(5) = 10π cm

Cylindrical wire diameter = 3mm

= \(\frac{3}{10}\) cm

length of cylinder = h = 12 cm

Total round = 40

Now, length of wire required in one round = circumference of base of cylinder

2πr = 2π × \(\frac{10}{2}\)

2πr = 10π cm

Hence in 40round the length of wire required

= 40 × 10π

= 400π cm

= \(\frac{400 \times 22}{7}\) = 1257.14 cm

= 12.57 m.

therefore total length of wire 12.57 m

volume of wire = πr^{2}h

= π × \(\left(\frac{0.3}{2}\right)^{2}\) × 1257.14

88.898cm^{3}

The mass of wire of 1 cm^{3} = 8.885

∴ the mass of wire of 88.898 cm^{3}

= 8.88 × 88.898

= 798.413

Hence mass of wire = 798.419 and length of wire = 12.57 m

Question 2.

A right triangle, whose sides are 3cm and 4cm (other than hypotenuse) is made to revolve about its hypotenuse. Find the volume and surface area of the double cone so formed. (Choose value of π as found appropriate).

Solution:

Let us consider the right ABAC, right angled at A such that AB = 3 cm, AC = 4 cm

∴ Hypotenuse BC = \(\sqrt{3^{2}+4^{2}}\) = 5cm

Obviously, we have obtained two cones on the same base AA’ such that radius = DA or DA’.

Now,

Question 3.

A cistern, internally measuring 150 cm × 120 cm × no cm, has 129600 cm3 of water in it. Porous bricks are placed in the water until the cistern is full to the brim. Each brick absorbs one-seventeenth of its own volume of water. How many bricks can be put in without overflowing the water, each brick being 22.5 cm × 7.5 cm × 6.5 cm?

Answer:

Volume of cistern =150 × 120 × 110

= 1980000 cm^{3}

volume of water in cistern

= 129600 cm^{3}

volume to filled in cistern

= 1980000 – 129600

= 1850400 cm^{3}

volume of one brick = 22.5 × 7.5 × 6.5

= 1096.875 cm^{3}

Let ‘N’ no of bricks can be placed into the cistern

Hence volume of ‘N’ no of bricks

= N × 1096.875 cm^{3}

One bricks absorb water \(\frac{1}{17}\) of his volume hence water absorb bv 1 brick

Hence total N no. of brick absorb water

Volume to be filled in tank + water absorbs by N no. of bricks = volume of N No of bricks.

∴ therefore No. of bricks can be put in cistern without over flowing water.

Question 4.

In one fortnight of a given month, there was a rainfall of 10 cm in a river valley. If the area of the valley is 97280 km^{2}, show that the total rainfall was approximately equivalent to the addition to the norma water of three rivers each 1072 km long, 75 m wide and 3 m deep.

Solution:

Volume of three rivers = 3 {(Surface area of a river) × Depth}

Since 0.7236 km^{3} ≠ 9.728 km^{3}

∴ The additional water in the three rivers is not equivalent to the rainfall.

Question 5.

An oil funnel made of tin sheet consists of a 10 cm long cylindrical portion attached to a frustum of a cone. If the total height is 22 cm, diameter of the cylindrical portion is 8 cm and the diameter of the top of the funnel is 18 cm, find the area of the tin sheet required to make the funnel (see Fig. 15.25).

Answer:

r_{1} = \(\frac{18}{2}\) = 9cm , r_{2} = \(\frac{8}{2}\) = 4 cm

Height h of frustum = 22 – 10 = 12 cm.

Slant height of the frustum cone =

l = 13cm

radius of cylindrical portion = \(\frac{8}{2}\)

= 4 cm.

Area of tin sheet required = CSA of cylinder + CSA of frustum portion

= 2πrh + π (r_{1} + r_{2}) l

= 2π(4)(10) + π(9 + 4) 13

= 80π + π × 13 × 13 = 80π + 169π

= 249π

Question 6.

Derive the formula for the volume of the frustum of a cone.

Solution:

We have,

[Volume of the frustum RPQS] = [Volume of right circular cone OPQ] – [Volume of right circular cone ORS]

Since, ∆OC_{1}Q ~ ∆OC_{2}S [By AA similarity]

From (1) and (2), we have

Volume of the frustum RPQS