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Karnataka State Board Class 6 English Prose Chapter 3 How do Bees Make Honey?
How do Bees Make Honey? Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes
Preparatory Activity :
1. Look at the following pictures and their descriptions. Match them. (Draw lines)
What is honey used for?
Honey is used as a natural sweetener. It is also used to make ayurvedic medicine to cure cough and sore throat. It is also used as an antiseptic to cure burns.
Where do bees collect nectar from?
Honey bees gather nectar from flowers and plants. They suck the nectar through their long, tube-like tongues from the flowers and store the nectar in their honey sacs and carry it to the beehive.
C1. Answer the following questions in a word, phrase or a sentence each:
What does honey contain?
Honey is a natural sugar. It contains 80% of water and honey is only about 14 – 18% water. It contains sugar, protein, iron, and calcium.
Why do bees fan honey?
To prepare for long-term storage, the bees fan their wings to evaporate and thicken the honey.
Where do bees store the honey?
They store the nectar in their stomachs called honey sacs and carry it to the beehive. They drop the honey into the honeycombs.
What is a honeycomb?
A honeycomb is a hexagonal cell made of wax produced by the bees.
How long does a honey bee live?
A honey bee does not live longer than a month.
Read the lesson again and write two things that the bees do to produce honey.
- Bees visit flowers and collect nectar. They store the nectar in their stomachs and cany it to the beehive. The nectar mixes with the proteins and enzymes in their stomachs, The nectar is thus converted into honey.
- The bees then drop the honey into the honeycombs. To prepare for long-term storage, the bees fan their wings to evaporate and thicken the honey and cap the honeycomb with wax.
Mention the work done by the house bees and field bees.
The house bees keep the houses clean and well ventilated. They build new combs to store honey. Field bees are older bees. They go away from the house. Their job is to search for nectar.
C2. Discuss the following questions in small groups and present your answers to the whole class.
Do you think honey bees are hard-working? Give reasons.
Honey bees work hard. House bees keep the house clean and well ventilated. They are engaged in building new honeycombs. Field bees go far away from home in search of nectar. So they work hard. As a result of this, they do not live long.
Have you ever tasted honey? Have you seen a beehive or a honeycomb?
I have seen a beehive or what we call honeycomb. I have tasted honey also. There are a lot of beehives in the trees beside my house. We see them and enjoy them.
What do we use honey for?
It is a natural sugar and has medicinal properties. It is used to prevent cough and to treat sore throat. The honey has the power to kill bacteria. It is used as sweet on special occasions. Children like it very much. In some religious ceremonies, honey is used. People who are on diet, use honey to reduce their weight.
Imagine that you are a honey bee. Explain how you make honey.
During the spring season, the plants will be full of colorful flowers. I use my long tube-like tongue, to suck the nectar from the flower. I store the nectar in my honey sac. In the stomach, the nectar gets mixed with the proteins and enzymes produced by me and becomes honey. Then I drop the honey into the honeycombs and fn my wings to make it thick. I fill each honeycomb with honey and cap it with wax.
Read the lesson carefully and find out the steps followed by bees in making honey. Then complete the flow chart given below:
The Honey making process:
- Bees feed on the flowers and plants.
- They collect nectar from flowers
- They store the nectar in their stomach half an hour
- In stomach nectar mixes with protein and enzymes produced by a bee.
The Honey-making Process :
Let’s practice words:
V1. Write the actions that go with the given words:
V2. Make meaningful phrases or sentences using the above, words.
One has been done for you.
- I read a book yesterday.
- I tasted honey today
- We cleaned our house for Ugadi festival
- We shifted our house to Basaveshwaranaqar
- We got our house repaired by a mason.
Let’s practice language:
Here are some sentences about how plants make food. Choose the correct word from the brackets and fill in the blanks:
Plants are (is/are) very important to us. All the foods people eat comes (come/comes) directly or indirectly from plants. For example, apples come (come/comes) from an apple tree. The flour used to make bread comes (come/comes)from a wheat plant. But what do plants eat (eat/eats)? They make (make/make) their own food!
Plants need (need/needs) several things to make their own food. They need (needs/need) chlorophyll (a green pigment found in the leaves of plants), light, .carbon dioxide, water, nutrients, and minerals. Plants make (make/ makes) food in their leaves. The leaves contain (contain/contains) a pigment called chlorophyll, which colors the leaves green.
Chlorophyll can make food that the plant can use from carbon dioxide, water, nutrients, and energy from sunlight. This process is called photosynthesis. During the process of photosynthesis, plants release (release/releases) oxygen into the air. People and animals need (needs/need) oxygen to breathe.
Extended Activity :
Pick out words which have the same sound (vowel) and write them below the box. Say them aloud/ repeat after the teacher.
e.g. cool – room
- book – poor
- tell – well
- watch – wash
- take – make
- tell – well
How do Bees Make Honey? Summary in English
Honey is one of the oldest natural sweetener used by human beings since ancient times. Honey is made by Honey bees. It contains natural sugar proteins, iron, and calcium and can be easily digested. It is used as a medicine to cure cough and sure throat. It is also a good antiseptic as it kills bacteria.
Honey – making is a complex process. Honey bees collect nectar from flowers mostly during the spring season. They draw the nectar from the flowers through their long, tube-like tongues. The nectar mixes with proteins and enzymes in the honey bees stomach and is converted into honey. Later the bees store the honey in the beehive in hexagonal cells made of bee – wax called honeycombs.
To store the honey for the long term, the honey – bees use their wings as a fan to dry up the water content in the nectar. Nectar has 80% water and honey has only about 14 – 18% water. When one of the honeycombs gets filled up the bees close it with a bee cap and then move on to another cell (honeycomb). Therefore honey is nothing but nectar collected by the bees and regurgitated and dehydrated to enhance the nutritional properties of honey. There is an excellent example of the division of labour among honey bees. They divide themselves into house bees and field bees.
Honey bees have a short life. They live only for a month. Around two – thousand bees die every day in a hive. The queen bee only work is to lay eggs and maintain the population of the been – hive. Honey bees are very hard workers.
How do Bees Make Honey? Summary in Kannada