Students can Download Chapter 1 Integers Ex 1.1, Question and Answers, Notes Pdf, KSEEB Solutions for Class 7 Maths, Karnataka State Board Solutions help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

## Karnataka State Syllabus Class 7 Maths Chapter 1 Integers Ex 1.1

Question 1.

Following number line shows the temperature in degree Celsius (°C) at different places on a particular day.

a) Observe this number line and write the temperature of the places marked on it.

Solution Places temperature

Solution:

b) What is the temperature difference between the hottest and the coldest places among the above ?

Solution:

Hottest temperature among the above places is Bengaluru } = 22°C

c) What is the temperature difference between Lahulspiti and Srinagar ?

Solution:

d) Can we say the temperature of Srinagar and Shimla taken together is less than the temperature at Shimla? Is it also the temperature at Srinagar?

Solution:

The temperature of Srinagar and Shimla took together = -2°C + 5°C = 3°C

Yes, it is also less than the temperature at Srinagar.

Question 2.

In a quiz, positive marks are given for correct answers, and negative marks are given for incorrect answers. If Jack’s scores in five successive rounds were 25, -5, -10, 15, and 10, what was his total at the end?

Solution:

The scores of five successive rounds = 25, -5, -10, 15, 10

Total scores of Jack at the end of the event

= 25 + 15+ 10+ = 50

= -5 -10 = -15

= 35

Question 3.

At Srinagar temperature was -5°C on Monday and then it dropped by 2°C on Tuesday. What was the temperature of Srinagar on Tuesday? On Wednesday, it rose by 4°C. What was the temperature on this day?

Solution:

The temperature on Monday at Srinagar = -5°C

The temperature on Tuesday at Srinagar = -5 – 2 = -7° C

The temperature on Wednesday at Srinagar = -7 + 4 = -3° C

Question 4.

A plane is flying at a height of 5000 m above the sea level. At a particular point, it is exactly above a submarine floating 1200m below the sea level. What is the vertical distance between them?

Solution:

Height of the plane flying above sea level = + 5000m

Level of the submarine below sea = – 1200m

Vertical distance between them = 5000m – (- 1200m) = 5000 + 1200 = 6200m.

Question 5.

Mohan deposits 2,000 in his bank account and withdraws 1,642 from it, the next day. If the withdrawal of amount from the account is represented by a negative integer, then how will you represent the amount deposited? Find the balance in Mohan’s account after the withdrawal.

Solution:

From the above number line

Distance from A to B = 20 kms

Distance from B to C = 30 kms

Final position is = C

Distance from A to C = – 10 kms

From the number line, the Balance amount represents the distance B to A.

B to A = Rs. 358.

Question 6.

Rita goes 20 km towards east from a point A to the point B. From B, she moves 30 km towards west along the same road. If the distance towards east is represented by a positive integer then, how will you represent the distance travelled towards west? By which integer will you represent her final position from A?

Solution:

From the above number line

Distance from A to B = 20 kms

Distance from B to C = 30 kms

Final position is = C

Distance from A to C = -10 kms

From the original starting point.

Question 7.

In a magic square each row, column and diagonal have the same sum. Check which of the following is a magic square.

Solution:

From the (i) square

1^{st} row 5 + (-1) + (-4) = 0

2^{nd} row -5 + -2 + 7 = 0

3^{rd} row 0 + 3 + -3 = 0

1^{st} column 5 + -5 + 0 = 0

2^{nd} column -1 + -2 + 3 = 0

3^{rd} column -4 + 7 – 3 = 0

1^{st} Diagonal 5 + -2 + -3 = 0

2^{nd} Diagonal 0 + -2 + -4 = -6

∴ It is not a magic square.

(ii) 1^{st} row 1 + -10 + 0 = -9

2^{nd} row – 4 + -3 – 2 = -9

3^{rd} row -6 + 4 – 7 = -9

1^{st} column 1 + – 4 – 6 = -9

2^{nd} column -10 + -3 + 4 = -9

3^{rd} column 0 + – 2 – 7 = -9

1^{st} Diagonal – 6 – 3 + 0 = -9

2^{nd} Diagonal 1 – 3 – 7 = -9

∴ It is a magic square.

Question 8.

Verify a – (-b) = a + b for the following values of a and b.

i) a = 21, b = 18

ii) a = 118, b = 125

iii) a = 75, b = 84

iv) a = 28, b = 11

Question 9.

Use the sign of >, < or = in the box to make the statements true.

Solution:

Question 10.

A water tank has stepped inside it. A monkey is sitting on the topmost step (i.e., the first step). The water level is at the ninth step.

Solution:

i) He jumps 3 steps down and then jumps back 2 steps up. In how many jumps will he reach the water level?

Solution:

Monkey jumps down = 3 steps

Monkey again jumps up = 2 steps

presenting this on number line,

Initial position = 1^{st} step

Final position = 9^{th} step

Representing this on number line,

First Jump = 1 + 3 = 4 steps

Second Jumb = 4 – 2 = 2 steps

Third Jump = 2 + 3 = 5 steps

Fourth Jump = 5 – 2 = 3 steps

Fifth Jump = 3 + 3 = 6 steps

Sixth Jump = 6 – 2 = 4 steps

Seventh Jump = 4 + 3 = 7 steps

Eight Jump = 7 – 2 = 5 steps

nineth Jump = 5 + 3 = 8 steps

tenth Jump = 8 – 2 = 6 steps

Eleventh Jump = 6 + 3 = 9 steps

∴ Monkey took 11 Jumps to reach 9 steps.

ii) After drinking water, he wants to go back. For this, he jumps 4 steps up and then jumps back 2 steps down in every move. In how many jumps will he reach back the top step?

Solution:

Initial position = 9^{th} step. Final position = 1^{st} step

Monkey Jumps up = 4 steps

Monkey Jumps down = 2 steps

First Jump = 9 – 4 = 5^{th} step

Second Jumb = 5 + 2 = 7^{th} step

Third Jump = 7 – 4 = 3^{th} step

Fourth Jump = 3 + 2 = 5^{th} step

Fifth Jump = 5 – 4 = 1^{st} step

∴ Monkey took 5 Jumps to reach back

iii) If the number of steps moved down is represented by negative integers and the number of steps moved up by positive integers, represent his moves in part (i) and (ii) by completing the following; In (a) the sum (-8) represents going down by eight steps. So, what will the sum 8 in (b) represent?

(a) -3 + 2 – ……. = -8

-3 + 2 – 3 + 2 – 3 + 2 – 3 + 2 – 3 + 2 – 3 + 2 – 3 + 2 – 3 + 2 = -8

(b) 4 – 2 + …. = 8

Thus, Sum 8 in (b) represents going up by eight steps.