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Karnataka State Board Class 6 English Prose Chapter 3 Galileo
Galileo Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes
Answer the questions your teacher will ask you.
Name some heavenly bodies.
Stars, Planets, Meteors, Asteroids.
What is astronomy?
Astronomy is the science of stars, planets and the universe.
Name an Indian astronomer.
What is a planetarium? There is one in Karnataka. Where is it?
A Planetarium is a building in which images of stars, planets, and constellations are projected on to a domed ceiling. Yes, there is a Planetarium in Bangalore. The Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium.
What instrument do astronomers use?
Come, let us talk about this story.
1. Some sentences given below are NOT TRUE. Correct them and write them down, Discuss the points with your partner.
- Learned men have always believed that the earth moved round the sun – Not true
Learned men believed that the earth was fixed in space and the sun and all other heavenly bodies went round it.
- The first telescope ever made was invented by Lippershey – True
- Galileo thought a telescope would help him in his studies – True
- Galileo watched the heavenly bodies in the clear night sky – True
- The people of Venice also turned the “Looking Tube” towards the night sky – Not true
- Galileo went on improving his telescopes – True
- Copernicus had already said what Galileo was saying – True
- The Church set Galileo free because it finally agreed with his ideas – Not True
2. Talk to your partner about the points raised in these questions and then write down what you said.
How is our knowledge about the earth different from the knowledge of people, even learned men, some 400 years ago?
It is common knowledge today that the earth is a planet revolving round the sun. But there was a time not many centuries ago, when even learned men believed that the earth was fixed in space and the sun and all other heavenly bodies went round it.
Who corrected people’s thinking about our earth in the 17th century?
Galileo Galilei corrected peoples thinking about our earth in the 17th century.
What is Lippershey’s contribution to astronomy?
Lippershey invented the telescope, the instrument with which astronomers watch the skies. The telescope makes distant objects appear to be near and magnified several times over.
What is the Milky Way?
The milky way is the broad white band of light seen across the sky at night and contains millions and millions of faint stars.
In what ways is the moon similar to the earth?
On the moon’s surface, which seems so smooth has high mountains and deep val-leys like those on the earth.
Why was Galileo appointed professor at the University of Padua?
The people of Venice saw ships fifty miles away appearing to be only fifteen miles off! When the telescope was shown to the ruler of Venice, he was greatly pleased with the invention and appointed Galileo as a professor for life at the University of Padua.
What were the two important discoveries Galileo made with his much-improved telescope?
With his much-improved telescope Galileo found that the planet Jupiter had little moons that revolved round it and found that the sun had spots upon it and that the spots slowly moved across its face. He found from this that the sun, like the earth, spins round itself.
Who had made discoveries similar to Galileo’s in the 16th century?
Copernicus, a Polish astronomer had made discoveries similar to Galileo in the 16 th century.
What trouble did Galileo bring upon himself by telling truths about the heavenly bodies?
Galileo’s new teaching caused great excitement among the learned men, because it meant that all their own teaching was completely wrong. They began to oppose him and many of them became his enemies. Then he got into trouble with the church.
What is the humorous story about Galileo facing the Inquisition?
Galileo knelt and declared that he no longer believed that the earth moved round the sun. As he rose from his knees, he whispered to himself, “But still it does move”
Focus on Grammar:
3. Rewrite the first sentence of paragraph 2 in three sentences.
- A man called Lippershev, a native of Holland, invented the telescope.
- He invented the telescope in the year 1608
- The telescope makes distant objects appear to be near and magnified several times over.
Rewrite this sentence in two sentences. (Each sentence must have seven words)
Galileo’s was the first telescope that was ever turned towards the stars.
- Galileo first turned his telescope towards the stars.
- No one invented the telescope before him.
4. Re-order the jumbled words to make a sentence:
Seventeen words are given below. For the last two words only clues are given. Make a sentence using these words.
earth / but / include / trip / on / expensive / does / free / the / Living / is / it / a / around / sun / every / year.
Write down your sentence, punctuating it.
Living on earth is expensive but it does include a free trip around the sun every year.
b. Read your sentence to your partner
What does the word it refer to?
‘It’ refers to living on the earth.
Which word in your sentence should you emphasize? Read the sentence again stressing this word.
Free trips every year around the sun.
Did you get the joke? How many “free trips” have you made so far?
As many trips as my age.
5. When you say the following words you stress the third syllable from the end.
as.’ tron. o. my; as.’ troi. o. gy; bi.’ ol. gy; ge.’ ol. o. gy; phi.’ los. o. phy; de.’ mo. gra. phy; phys. i.o.’ ther. a. py; dem. ‘o. era. cy; ar. is. ‘to. car. cy; plu. ‘to. era. cy
Do not stress the consonant sound in the syllable. Stress the vowel sound. Prac¬tise saying the words.
6. Word Formation – with suffixes – er and – ist.
Now say the words for the scientists – Stress the third syllable from the end.
Example: astronomy – astronomer;
Say the words for the persons who believe in the systems. Stress the first syllable.
- democracy – democrat;
- Auto crazy – Autocrat
- Sociology – Socialist
- Meteorology – Meteorologist
- Psychology – Psychologist
7. Writing – Write a paragraph on “The Telescope” using the ideas in the text.
Telescope is a device which makes distant objects appear to be near and magni-fied several times over. In 1608 Lippershey invented the telescope when Galileo heard about this, he set to work on making a tele j scope for himself and succeeded in making j a better one.
He was the first man to turn the telescope towards the sky. Astronomers watch the skies with the telescope. Using his telescope which bought objects thirty times nearer, Galileo made important discoveries about the heavenly bodies.
7 a. Fill in the blanks.
Think of the names of some scientists and their inventions. We praise and honour scientists because their inventions are useful to us. But sometimes a scientist may face a truth about nature that nuy not be liked by some people.
This is because of our ignorance and prejudice. In olden days scientists even got into trouble for finding out truths. Galileo was an Italian astronomer. He got into trouble for telling some truths about the heavenly bodies.
Galileo Summary in English
Long long ago people believed that the earth was fixed in the space and the sun and all other heavenly bodies went round it.
Galileo Galilei a great scientist and astronomer, first brought to light the facts that the earth revolved around the sun.
He was bom in 1564 at Pisa, Italy. In 1608 Lippershey invented a telescope which magnified objects several times over. Then an Italian scientist Galileo developed the telescope and made a telescope which brought objects thirty times nearer. Later the king of Venice, appointed him, Professor for life at the Univesity of Padua.
With the aid of this telescope, he made important discoveries about the heavenly bodies. He found that Jupiter had little moon that revolved round it. He found that sun had spots upon it.
Some fifty years earlier, Copernicus, a Polish astronomer had declared that the Earth was a planet but he could not prove this. Galileo realized that Copernicus was correct. Galileo taught this at the university which led to many confusions and he got into trouble with the church.
The inquisition asked him to declare that the earth did not move round the sun. He knelt down and made a public declaration about this, but as he rose from his knees, he whispered to himself, “But still it does move”.
The court ordered him not to teach this wicked ideas any more. But Galileo did not obey the churchs orders for long. He was again tried as a nonbeliever. After a long trial, he was sent to prison, considering his age he was sent home after 22 days.
Galileo Summary in Kannada