KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Political Science Chapter 3 Human Rights

Students can Download Political Science Chapter 3 Human Rights Questions and Answers, Notes, KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Social Science helps you to revise complete Karnataka State Board Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Karnataka State Syllabus Class 8 Social Science Political Science Chapter 3 Human Rights

Class 8 Social Science Human Rights Textual Questions and Answers

I. Fill In The Blanks:

Question 1.
Human rights were declared in the year ………….

Question 2.
Magna carta was signed by ………………… king

Question 3.
At present ……………….. fundamental Rights are there

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Question 4.
Right to property is ……………… right

Question 5.
The chairman of the Human Rights Commission is appointed by ………….
Answer:

  1. 10th Dec 1948
  2. John of England
  3. 6 (Six)
  4. legislative
  5. President of India

II. Answer The Following

Question 1.
Explain the development of human rights.
Answer:
King John of England broke many ancient rules and traditions. People revolted against the King pressing for their rights. King entered into an agreement and signed ‘Magna Carta’ citizens gained the rights to have private and ancestral property. John Locke presented the first systematic discussion of Human being’s natural rights. The bloodless revolution of 1688 worked in support to this. And as a result in 1689, ‘Bills of Rights’ was implemented. The Human Rights

Declaration in France in the year 1789 is an important milestone in the history of Human Rights. The league of Nations had a separate directive on human rights. In order to prevent Human rights violations in any part of the world, The UNO directed all its member countries to protect the Human Rights compulsorily on December 10, 1948.

Question 2.
Human Rights are essential for the universal development of Human beings. Discuss.
Answer:

  1. Human Rights are universal in nature and are a necessity for the holistic development of human beings
  2. Their violations are not protected by the court of laws
  3. These upheld the dignity of human beings

Question 3.
The supreme court is the custodian of fundamental rights. Discuss?
Answer:
When the rights are violated either by the State Government or the Central government, the citizens may appeal to the Supreme Court itself for their protection. The Supreme Court is empowered to enforce fundamental rights. This court can accept the writ petitions for the protection of citizen’s rights.

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Question 4.
The national Human Rights commissions are the watchdog of human rights Substantiate.
Answer:

  1. National Human Rights & commission is a constitutional body. It was established through legislation in parliament in 1993.
  2. It has a chairman & four members
  3. the commission has been mandated to function independently Without prejudice & interference It is the watchdog of Human rights in the country.

Question 5.
Which are the institutions protecting human rights?
Answer:

  1. National human rights commission
  2. State human rights commission
  3. National commission for scheduled caste
  4. National commission for scheduled tribes
  5. National Commission for Backward classes
  6. National commission for women
  7. National Commission for minorities.

Class 8 Social Science Human Rights Additional Questions and Answers

I. Fill In The Blanks

Question 1.
The first systematic discussion of ‘Human beings’ natural rights presented by ………
Answer:
John Locke

Question 2.
American revolution : 1776 : : France revolution : …………..
Answer:
1789

Question 3.
This declaration assumed equal rights to all with respect to freedom equality is …………
Answer:
France revolution

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Question 4.
The right fa property was, taken out of fundamental rights in ……………..
Answer:
1978 (44th amendment)

Question 5.
Education has been made a right in 2002 according to …………..
Answer:
article 21 A

Question 6.
National Commission for minorities was formed in the year
Answer:
1992

Question 7.
In part three of the constitution form articles ……………… under the fundamental rights.
Answer:
12 to 35

I. Multiple Choice Questions

Question 1.
“The first systematic discussion, of beings human rights” presented by …………..
a) H.J.Laski
b) Aristotle
c) John Locke
d) King John
Answer:
c) John Locke

Question 2.
The U.N.O. directed all its members to protect the Human Rights compulsory on …………..
a) December 10, 1948
b) November 10, 1948
c) December 10, 1946
d) November 10, 1946
Answer:
a) December 10, 1948

Question 3.
The importance of the 86th amendment is …………..
a) Right to religious freedom
b) National human rights commission started
c) Against exploitation
d) Education has been made a right.
Answer:
d) Education has been made a right.

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Question 4.
The main purpose of the National Commission for minorities is …………
a) To protect the rights of the women
b) To protection minority people
c) To protect the rights of backward classes
d) To protection the schedule tribes.
Answer:
b) To protection minority people

Question 5.
National Human Rights Protection Act implemented in …………..
a)1976
b)1992
c)1993
d)1956
Answer:
c)1993

III. Answer The Following Questions:

Question 1.
How was the national commission for scheduled caste & national commission for scheduled tribes was formed?
Answer:
The national commission for schedule cast and tribes was bifurcated in the year 2003 by the 89th amendment of article 338.

Question 2.
Write a short note on state human rights commission
Answer:

  1. As per the human rights Law 1993, the state human rights commission are established at state levels
  2. the state commission has one chairman & two members
  3. The members should be either serving high court judges or retired judges
  4. they are appointed by the governor

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Question 3.
Which are the 6 fundamental rights of constitutions?
Answer:

  1. Right to equality (A 14 to 18)
  2. Right to freedom (A 19 to 22)
  3. Right against Exploitation (A 23 to 24)
  4. Right to religious freedom (A 25 to 28)
  5. Cultural & educational Right (A 29 to 30)
  6. Right to constitutional remedies (A 32)

Question 4.
Which laws implemented by the central government to protect from exploitation?
Answer:

  1. Minimum wages act 1948
  2. prevention of unethical activities Act 1956
  3. Prohibition of Bonded labor Act 1976
  4. Sati Prevention Act of 1987
  5. Human Rights Protection Act of 1993
  6. Right to Information Act 2005
  7. Domestic violence prevention Act of 2005

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