KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 English Supplementary Chapter 18 The Broken Gate

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Karnataka State Board Class 8 English Supplementary Chapter 18 The Broken Gate

The Broken Gate Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes

I. Comprehension:

A. Answer in two-three sentences each:

Question 1.
Why did the old man Twinkle need a boy?
Answer:
Old man Twinkle wanted a boy to help him in his shop. He needed a boy who could drive Jenny, the pony, for all Twinkle’s merchandise was taken round in the cart.

Question 2.
When did all the boys go to Mr. Twinkle and what did Mr. Twinkle say?
Answer:
Mr. Twinkle put a notice in his window seeking a boy to help him in his shop. All the boys saw the notice and thought that they could do the job. They went to Mr. Twinkle’s shop. Mr. Twinkle was busy. He asked the boys to play in the yard till he called them.

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Question 3.
What did all the boys do in front of the house?
Answer:
The boys saw a yard gate swinging to and fro in the wind. They climbed up on the gate. They shouted and pretended to whip the gate to make it gallop. The old gate which could not bear their weight, broke away at the hinges.

Question 4.
What did all the boys decide to tell the old man if he asked about the broken gate?
Answer:
Jack wanted to tell the old man what had happened. But, the other boys refused to do so. They decided not to utter a word about the broken gate.

Question 5.
Why didn’t Jack go back home with the other boys?
Answer:
Jack was worried and felt guilty. He thought it was dreadful to break a thing and not say anything about it. He decided to mend the gate if he could. He went near the gate to see how much it was damaged.

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Question 6.
How did the gate break, according to Jack?
Answer:
Mr. Twinkle asked Jack if he knew anything about the gate. Jack replied that he was swinging on it when it broke.

Question 7.
Jack stared in surprise. What made Jack stare at Mr. Twinkle in surprise?
Answer:
Old man Twinkle asked Jack who the other boys were. Jack did not want them to get into trouble. He did not reveal their names. Then Mr. Twinkle himself listed out the names of George, Henry, Peter and Harry. Jack stared at Mr. Twinkle, because he wondered how the old man had come to know about his friends.

Question 8.
Who was finally chosen to help the old man Twinkle? Why?
Answer:
Jack was finally chosen to help Mr. Twinkle. Jack was truthful, honest, sincere and loyal.

Question 9.
What is Jack doing now?
Answer:
Jack is the head of the shop now and doing very well.

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B. Answer in five-six sentences each:

Question 1.
How did the boys break the gate?
Answer:
Mr. Twinkle asked the boys to play in the yard. The boys saw a swinging yard gate. They sat on it and pretended as if they were riding a horse. The old gate could not bear the weight of the five boys. It broke down at the hinges. The boys slid off to the ground.

Question 2.
Why did Jack think they ought to tell about the broken gate to the old man Twinkle?
Answer:
The old gate broke down when the boys were playing on it. The boys thought that the old man had not seen it. Jack’s mother had told him that one should own up when one did something wrong. So, Jack thought that they should tell Mr. Twinkle about the gate. But, his friends did not agree with him.

Question 3.
What qualities of Jack do you like the most?
Answer:
Jack was brave enough to confess his guilt. When his friends refused, he decided to repair the gate. He did not give away his friends. He took the blame on himself. He did not even reveal his friends’ names. His truthful nature, honesty, loyalty endears him to the readers.

Question 4.
How would Jack overcome his weakness, according to Mr. Twinkle?
Answer:
Jack was smalt and not very intelligent. He wore ragged clothes because his mother was poor. Mr. Twinkle said that Jack could overcome his weakness with good food. It would develop his physical stature and improve his intelligence. Jack could wear better clothes with the pocket money.

Question 5.
What made Mr. Twinkle choose Jack for. the job?
Answer:
Mr. Twinkle had seen the incident of the broken gate. The other boys did not own up their mistake. Jack tried his best to save his friends. He took the blame on himself and even requested the old man to choose one of his friends as the helper boy. Mr. Twinkle was greatly impressed by Jack’s truthful nature, loyalty to his friends and his courage to accept his mistake.

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C. Answer the following in ten-fifteen sentences each:

Question 1.
How did Jack win the heart of Mr. Twinkle?
Answer:
Jack was an honest boy. When the yard gate broke down he told his friends that they should inform Mr. Twinkle. But, they refused, and decided to keep mum. When they were asked about the gate, they pretended ignorance. Jack was feeling guilty. He went near the gate to see if he could mend it. Old man Twinkle called him in and asked him if he had come for the job. Jack replied that he had not.

Mr. Twinkle asked him if he knew anything about the gate. Jack decided to take the responsibility and save his friends. He said he was swinging on the gate when it broke. But, he had to reveal the truth when Mr. Twinkle questioned him further. He requested the old man to choose one of his friends as his helper. Mr. Twinkle was very much impressed by Jack’s simplicity, humble nature, truthfulness and loyalty. He chose Jack as his helper.

Question 2.
How did a helper boy become the owner of the shop?
Answer:
Mr. Twinkle was looking for a boy who would own the responsibility if something went wrong. He wanted a brave boy who was also loyal. He found these qualities in Jack. He appointed him as his helper. Jack worked hard in the shop and gradually gained the trust of Mr. Twinkle. His courage, loyalty, honesty and sincerity pleased the old man. The small and not very intelligent boy, finally became the owner of the shop.

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Multiple Choice Questions:

Four alternatives are given for each of the following questions/ incomplete statements. Choose the most appropriate alternative.

Question 1.
The old man Twinkle needed a boy to
A) help him in his shop
B) drive his pony Jenny
C) take his goods round in the cart
D) all of the above
Answer:
D) all of the above

Question 2.
The boys thought it a-good job because
A) they wanted to earn pocket money
B) old man Twinkle was generous and kind
C) they could work on Saturdays
D) they could do it after school
Answer:
B) old man Twinkle was generous and kind

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Question 3.
The smallest of the boys was
A) George
B) Peter
C) Jack
D) Henry
Answer:
C) Jack

Question 4.
Jack hesitated to try for the job because
A) he was the smallest of the boys
B) he was poor
C) his clothes were ragged
D) the other boys were bigger and cleverer
Answer:
C) his clothes were ragged

Question 5.
What did the boys do in front of the house?
A) They climbed up the yard-gate and pretended to whip it to make it gallop.
B) They broke the gate.
C) They began to slide on the gate.
D) They began playing in the yard.
Answer:
A) They climbed up the yard-gate and pretended to whip it to make it gallop.

Question 6.
Jack didn’t go back home with the other boys because he wanted to
A) play in the yard
B) try for the job
C) see if he could mend the gate
D) tell Mr. Twinkle who had broken the gate
Answer:
C) see if he could mend the gate

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Question 7.
“I was swinging on it when it broke” said Jack bravely. Jack said so because
A) he had really broken the gate
B) he wanted to get the job
C) he did not want to get his friends into trouble
D) his friends did not accept that they had broken the gate
Answer:
C) he did not want to get his friends into trouble

Question 8.
Mr. Twinkle chose Jack to help him in his shop because
A) he was brave enough to own up what wrong he had done
B) he had spoken the truth
C) he was loyal
D) all of the above
Answer:
D) all of the above

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II. Activities:

1. “Honesty is the best policy”. Write a paragraph on this topic.
People often talk of achieving their objectives by hook or crook. Such an attitude has never produced any good results. A man who thinks that he can make a great fortune by foul means is sure to ruin himself. Ill-gotten wealth brings only unhappiness. So, whether in business or practical conduct, a man must always be honest. Honesty is the best policy. An honest man is never known to have come to grief because of his honesty. Honesty may have its trials and challenges, but it is sure to succeed in the end.

2. Your teacher will read aloud the story ‘The Angel and the Wood cutter’. Listen carefully and re-write it in the form of dialogues.

Begin the story like this:
Once upon a time there was an honest woodcutter. One day while he was cutting a branch of a tree, his axe fell into the river. When he cried out, an angel appeared:

Angel: “Why are you crying?”
Woodcutter: “ ………………………… ”
The Angel went down into the stream and reappeared with a golden axe.
Angle: “Is this your axe?”
Woodcutter: “ ………………….. ”

Complete the story:
Once upon a time there was an honest woodcutter. One day, while he was cutting a branch of a tree, his axe fell into the river. When he cried out, an angel appeared.

Angel: Why are you crying?
Woodcutter: My axe has fallen into the water, and I need to make my living. (The angel went down into the water and reappeared with a golden axe.)
Angel: Is this your axe?
Woodcutter: No. (The angel again went down and came up with a silver axe)
Angel: Is this your axe?
Woodcutter: No. (The angel went down again and came up with an iron axe)
Angel: Is this your axe?
Woodcutter: Yes.
Angel: I am pleased with your honesty. You may keep all the three axes. (The woodcutter went home happy.)

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The Broken Gate Summary In English

The Broken Gate Summary In English 1

Mr. Twinkle was an old man. He wanted a boy to help him in his shop. He needed a boy who could drive Jenny, the pony, which dragged his cart. So, he put up a notice which said, “Wanted – Boy to help (after school hours)”.

All the boys saw the notice and many of them wanted to try for the job. They knew the old man would pay them well and they could do the job after school hours. George, Henry, Peter and Harry went to see old man Twinkle. Jack was a poor boy, he wore ragged clothes. He was the smallest boy among the other boys. He hesitated to try for the job because of his poor condition. Old man Twinkle was not ready to interview the boys.

He told them to play in the yard till he called them. Jack also had gone there to see who would get the job. All the boys saw a yard gate swinging to and fro. They climbed up on the gate and pretended to be riding a horse. The old gate could not bear the weight of the five boys. It broke away at the hinges. The boys thought that Mr. Twinkle had not seen what had happened in the yard.

Jack suggested that they go and tell the old man about the gate. He said that one should accept the responsibility if something went wrong. The boys were afraid that the old man would not give any of them the job if he came to know that they had broken the gate. They decided to keep quiet. Then Mr. Twinkle interviewed them one by one. He asked them if they knew anything about the gate. The boys pretended as if they did not know anything about it. Mr. Twinkle told the boys that he would make a choice that evening.

Jack did not go back with the other boys. He felt bad about the broken gate. He went near the gate to see if he could repair it. Mr. Twinkle saw Jack and called him in. He asked Jack if he had come for the job. Jack replied that he had not. He said he was small and not very clever and did not have proper clothes to wear because his mother was poor. Old man Twinkle asked him if he knew anything about the broken gate.

Jack, a truthful boy, wanted to safeguard his friends. He said he was swinging on the gate when it broke. When Mr. Twinkle further questioned him, Jack had to tell him the truth. He told the old man that he did not want to give his friends away. Though he had asked them to tell, the truth to Mr. Twinkle, they had refused, and he did not want them to get into trouble.

Old man Twinkle told Jack that he knew all about the broken gate and his four friends. He had seen them swinging on the gate when it broke. He had asked his friends during the interview if they knew anything about the gate. But, none of them had owned the responsibility. They had all pretended innocence. Jack requested the old man to choose one of the boys as his helper even though they had not owned up their wrong doing. Mr. Twinkle said that he had chosen Jack to be helper.

Mr. Twinkle said that Jack could overcome his weakness by eating good food, and would be able to wear better clothes with some pocket money. Jack was surprised and asked Mr. Twinkle why he had chosen him over the other bigger and cleverer boys. Mr. Twinkle replied that he wanted a boy who was bold enough to accept the responsibility when things went wrong.

And he was in search of a boy who was truthful and loyal. He had found Jack to be truthful and loyal to his friends and he was sure Jack would be loyal to him also. Mr. Twinkle was happy that he had chosen the right boy. Jack was given the job of a helper boy. But, with his honesty, sincerity and truthful nature he became the head of the shop and did well in life.

Glossary:

pretend – make it seem that something is the case when in fact it is not
gallop – the fastest pace of the horse
delight – please greatly
coward – a person who lacks the courage to do dangerous things
dreadful – extremely bad or serious
wonder – a feeling of surprise
rag – a piece of old or tattered cloth
fierce – violent or aggressive
loyal – firm and constant in one’s support of a person

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