Students can Download English lesson 20 Study Skills Gate Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes Pdf, KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 English Karnataka State Board Solutions help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.
Karnataka State Board Class 8 English Supplementary Chapter 20 Study Skills
Study Skills Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes
Note Taking: It is a skill that aids listening comprehension. It is a method of condensing information without distorting original thinking during the time of lecturers, seminars, discussions and meetings.
Note Making: It is a skill which aids reading comprehension. It helps to make notes during the text reading and the points made would help us recall the information in the later stages.
Common Features of Note taking/Note making:
- brief and accurate
- more importance is given to information than language.
- brings a flow of thoughts to the information.
- no generalized methods and left to individuals to follow their own styles/methods.
- style or methods like linear notes, tree diagrams, flow charts, spider grams, mind maps…. etc., follow, depending on the nature of the material.
Trees play a vital role in the equilibrium of the ecosystem. Deforestation is a process of cutting down trees to make space for industries, and habitation for the ever-increasing human population. Excessive cutting of trees for urban development has strikers protesting on a wrong chord because upsetting the environment disrupts the water cycle, creates soil erosion, green house effect, global warming and leads to extinction of wild life.
Trees are responsible for absorbing water from the soil and releasing moisture into the atmosphere. Deforestation causes a disturbance in the water cycle and makes the environment drier. This is evident in causing famine and drought because, the earth gets heated up, breeding some more problems.
Deforestation has resulted in the increase of carbon and other green house gases in the environment. Green house gases like the oxides of nitrogen, methane and carbon are known to trap atmospheric heat, thus increasing the temperature of the Earth’s surface.
The hot temperature of the earth gives way to global warming. Global warming is already on its way causing the glaciers to melt as well as the ice at the poles. This, in a way, results in rise in the sea level, which is a threatening call to the whole of our planet as it will be flooded or the earth will get completely covered by water.
Deforestation endangers plant and animal life. Animal life thrives on vegetation. By cutting down trees, we deprive animals of their source of food and cause the extinction of animal species. Hence, immediate measures are needed to be taken to stop this havoc.
Answer the following with the help of the passage given above:
1. Deforestation is ______________
2. Adverse effects on the environment:
a. ______ b. soil erosion c. _________ d. __________ .
3. Trees absorb _________ and release _________ into the atmosphere.
4. Disturbance in water cycle causes _____________ .
5. Green house gases are:
а. _______ b. methane c. __________ .
6. Green house gases trap _________ .
7. Global warming melts a. _________ b. ice at the poles.
8. Global warming raises __________ .
9. The end result of global warming is __________ .
10. Deforestation deprives ________ to plant and animal life.
1. a process of cutting trees to make space for industries and habitation for the ever-increasing human population.
2. a) green house effect, b) soil erosion, c) global warming, d) extinction of wild life
3. water from the soil and release’ moisture in the atmosphere.
4. the environment to dry up.
5. a) nitrogen, b) methane, c) carbon.
б. atmospheric heat.
7. a) glaciers.
8. sea level.
9. the earth will get covered completely by water.
1. The harmful effects of plastic bags:
Plastic bags are very popular with both retailers and consumers because they are a cheap, strong, lightweight, functional as well as hygienic means of carrying food and other goods. They have become a major cause of pollution as they are not biodegradable objects. This aggravates the problem and has bred some more problems to the environment and living beings. The harmful effects of plastic bags are: littering the landscape, killing animals and, if burnt, infusing the toxic fumes in the air.
To reduce the use of plastic bags, we need to look out for various means to substitute plastic bags. The best way is to use paper bags. To carry heavy and huge objects, our jute bags can be good substitutes. Re-using the plastic bags for various reasons than going in for new ones every time would reduce the use of plastic bags
Now, with the help of the short passage, make notes by filling the blanks:
2. Computers in Society
The world is bound to call itself ‘Modern’ and all the credit goes to our advanced technology and science. Advanced technology basically could be the ‘Invention of Computer’. Computer is a wondrous machine. It is aiso called the artificial ‘human Brain’. The computer has become an integral part of our lives. It plays a major role in our education, work and entertainment.
Computers in schools and colleges have made learning more concrete, accurate and flexible. School children are able to access more and more information from innumerable websites. They are making use of computers and internet for their project, work, seminars and presentation, thus making their work more interesting and impressive.
Computers at work have also made great advancement. At the work place, computers are more relied upon for their accuracy and speed. Work and time have become flexible. Due to wireless technology of computers, it gives the privilege to work online and work from home; online meetings and discussions are held at the international level, thus keeping the office staff in touch even during their holidays.
Computer, as entertainment media, is widely accepted by the younger generation. It has got choices of entertainment. Video games, watching movies, listening to music, chatting, creating or re-editing movies, sound tracks and cartoon, etc. It is obvious that young folk have become gadget maniacs with the wide possibilities in the realm of computers.
Now, fill in the boxes with the help of the passage:
3. Unforgettable Salim AU
Salim Moizuddin Abdul Ali is known to the world as an Ornithologist, explorer, ecologist, teacher and writer. He was an all-knowing father. Salim Ali was born in 1896 into a prosperous close-knit Bombay family. He was the youngest of ten children and was orphaned early. His childhood hero was his uncle, Amiruddin Tyabji, a sportsman. When Salim was ten, uncle Amiruddin presented him with a Daisy air gun.
One day, young Salim shot a strange-looking sparrow. His uncle suggested Salim to take the bird to the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS). There, the secretary, an Englishman, identified it as a yellow throated sparrow and showed the boy the Society’s vast stuffed-bird collection. Awestruck, Salim Ali remained hooked on to birds and BNHS for life.
Frame five comprehension questions with the help of your classmates:
- Who was Salim Ali?
- When was he born?
- Who was his childhood hero?
- What did his uncle present him with?
- Where did Salim Ali take the bird to?
- Who identified the sparrow?
- What kind of a sparrow was it?
4. Day-to-day usage
1. Teacher assigns this to do at home.
4. Other word for Break-Time.
5. You need to wear these clothes if you are at school.
6. What do you do once you see your teacher in the morning?
7. To clean your teeth.
2. Drink this to be healthy
3. After your night sleep you _________
6. You love to play _______
8. You love to listen to a ________when you go to sleep.